1st Edition

Conflict Landscapes and Archaeology from Above

Edited By Birger Stichelbaut, David Cowley Copyright 2016
    336 Pages
    by Routledge

    368 Pages
    by Routledge

    The study of conflict archaeology has developed rapidly over the last decade, fuelled in equal measure by technological advances and creative analytical frameworks. Nowhere is this truer than in the inter-disciplinary fields of archaeological practice that combine traditional sources such as historical photographs and maps with 3D digital topographic data from Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) and large scale geophysical prospection. For twentieth-century conflict landscapes and their surviving archaeological remains, these developments have encouraged a shift from a site oriented approach towards landscape-scaled research. This volume brings together an wide range of perspectives, setting traditional approaches that draw on historical and contemporary aerial photographs alongside cutting-edge prospection techniques, cross-disciplinary analyses and innovative methods of presenting this material to audiences. Essays from a range of disciplines (archaeology, history, geography, heritage and museum studies) studying conflict landscapes across the globe throughout the twentieth century, all draw on aerial and landscape perspectives to past conflicts and their legacy and the complex issues for heritage management. Organized in four parts, the first three sections take a broadly chronological approach, exploring the use of aerial evidence to expand our understanding of the two World Wars and the Cold War. The final section explores ways that the aerial perspective can be utilized to represent historical landscapes to a wide audience. With case studies ranging from the Western Front to the Cold War, Ireland to Russia, this volume demonstrates how an aerial perspective can both support and challenge traditional archaeological and historical analysis, providing an innovative new means of engaging with the material culture of conflict and commemoration.




    List of Figures

    Notes on Contributors


    Series Editors’ Preface, by Nicholas J. Saunders and Paul Cornish

    Introduction: Conflict Landscapes and Archaeology from Above

    Birger Stichelbaut and Dave Cowley

    1 The Archaeology of World War I in Comines-Warneton (Belgium) through Aerial Photographs and Proximal Soil Sensing

    Wouter Gheyle, Timothy Saey, Yannick Van Hollebeeke, Stephanie Verplaetse, Nicolas Note, Jean Bourgeois, Marc Van Meirvenne, Veerle Van Eetvelde and Birger Stichelbaut

    2 Bellewaarde Ridge (Belgium): Survey of a World War I Landscape

    Marc Dewilde, Hilde Verboven and Franky Wyffels

    3 Contested Landscape: La Boisselle and the Glory Hole

    Peter Masters

    4 World War I Remains in Scotland: Aerial Photography as Heritage

    Allan Kilpatrick

    5 Protecting the Home Front: Understanding and Conservation of Twentieth-century Conflict Landscapes in England

    Helen Winton

    6 Airborne Laser Scanning and the Archaeological Interpretation of Ireland’s World War I Landscape: Randalstown Training Camp, County Antrim, Northern Ireland

    Heather A. Montgomery and Rory W.A. McNeary

    7 Aerial Perspectives on Archaeological Landscapes: The Anzac/Arıburnu Battlefields, Gallipoli, Turkey

    Jessie Birkett-Rees

    8 Landscapes of Death and Suffering: Archaeology of Conflict Landscapes of the Upper Soča Valley, Slovenia

    Dimitrij Mlekuž, Uroš Košir and Matija Črešnar

    9 The ‘Gas-scape’ on the Eastern Front, Poland (1914–2014): Exploring the Material and Digital Landscapes and Remembering Those ‘Twice-Killed’

    Anna Zalewska

    10 Remembering Uncertainty: The World War II Warscape of the Australian Northern Territory

    Keir Reeves, Birger Stichelbaut and Gertjan Plets

    11 World War II Conflict and Post-conflict Landscapes in Northwest France: An Evaluation of the Aerial Photographic Resource

    David G. Passmore, David Capps Tunwell and Stephan Harrison

    12 Mapping Unexploded Ordnance in Italy: The Role of World War II Aerial Photographs

    Elizabeth Jane Shepherd

    13 Erased Landscapes: Conflict, Memory and Post-World War II Landscape Transformation in Western Poland

    Grzegorz Kiarszys

    14 A Cold War Conflict Landscape in the Borderlands of West Bohemia

    Michal Rak, Lukáš Funk and Lenka Starková

    15 ‘Anzac from the Air’: Re-imagining the Australian War Memorial’s Gallipoli Aerial Collection

    Luke Diggins, Kate Morschel and Snow

    16 Italian World War I Aerial Photographs for Landscape Study and Public Engagement

    Roberta Cuttini

    17 The Aerial Perspective in a Museum Context: Above Flanders Fields 1914–1918

    Birger Stichelbaut and Piet Chielens



    Dr Birger Stichelbaut is a post-doctoral researcher at the Centre for Historical and Archaeological Aerial Photography - a collaborative initiative between Ghent University, the In Flanders Fields Museum and the Province of West-Flanders - and is engaged with aerial photography, archaeology and the conflict landscape of the First World War. He is the author of the book In Flanders Fields: The Great War seen from the air (published in English, French and Dutch) and of several papers dealing with historical aerial photography and the archaeology of the Great War. David Cowley is an archaeologist who manages the aerial reconnaissance programme at Historic Environment Scotland. He has published extensively on applications of historic aerial photographs, remote sensing for archaeology and aerial archaeology. His research is framed within landscape archaeology and includes conflict archaeology, methodology and sources. He is also undertaking part-time doctoral research at Ghent University.