Conflict in Cyber Space
Theoretical, Strategic and Legal Pespectives
Adopting a multidisciplinary perspective, this book explores the key challenges associated with the proliferation of cyber capabilities.
Over the past two decades, a new man-made domain of conflict has materialized. Alongside armed conflict in the domains of land, sea, air, and space, hostilities between different types of political actors are now taking place in cyberspace. This volume addresses the challenges posed by cyberspace hostility from theoretical, political, strategic and legal perspectives. In doing so, and in contrast to current literature, cyber-security is analysed through a multidimensional lens, as opposed to being treated solely as a military or criminal issues, for example. The individual chapters map out the different scholarly and political positions associated with various key aspects of cyber conflict and seek to answer the following questions: do existing theories provide sufficient answers to the current challenges posed by conflict in cyberspace, and, if not, could alternative approaches be developed?; how do states and non-state actors make use of cyber-weapons when pursuing strategic and political aims?; and, how does the advent of conflict in cyberspace challenge our established legal framework? By asking important strategic questions on the theoretical, strategic, ethical and legal implications and challenges of the proliferation of cyber warfare capabilities, the book seeks to stimulate research into an area that has hitherto been neglected.
This book will be of much interest to students of cyber-conflict and cyber-warfare, war and conflict studies, international relations, and security studies.
Table of Contents
Preface, Michael Rühle Introduction, Karsten Friis & Jens Ringsmose 1. Competing Theoretical and Conceptual Approaches to Strategic Cybersecurity, Hans-Inge Langø 2. From Cyber Threats to Cyber Risks, Karsten Friis and Erik Reichborn-Kjennerud 3. Cyber Spillover Conflicts: Transitions from Cyber Conflict to Conventional Foreign Policy Disputes?, Ryan C. Maness and Brandon Valeriano 4. Power, Rivalry and Cyber Conflict: An Empirical Analysis, Allison Pytlak and George E. Mitchell 5. Cybersecurity in Sweden and China: Going on the Attack?, Johan Eriksson and Johan Lagerkvist 6. Who Pays for Zero-days? Balancing Long-term Stability in Cyberspace against Short-term National Security Benefits, Michel Herzog and Jonas Schmid 7. How to Govern Cybersecurity?: The Limits of the Multi-stakeholder Approach and the Need to Rethink Public–private Cooperation, Lilly Pijnenburg Muller 8. Cyber Warfare by Social Network Media, Thomas Elkjer Nissen 9. Politics and the development of legal norms in cyberspace, Anders Henriksen 10. Cyber Weapons: Oxymoron or a Real World Phenomenon to be Regulated?, Bill Boothby 11. Law in the Militarization of Cyberspace: Framing a Critical Research Agenda, Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
Karsten Friis is Senior Adviser and Head of the Research Group on Security and Defence at Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Oslo, Norway.
Jens Ringsmose is an Associate Professor and Head of Department at the Department of Political Science and Public Management, University of Southern Denmark.