This book examines the nexus between conservation, land conflicts, and sustainable tourism approaches in Southern Africa, with a focus on equity, access, restitution, and redistribution.
While Southern Africa is home to important biodiversity, pristine woodlands, and grasslands, and is a habitat for important wildlife species, it is also a land of contestations over its natural resources with a complex historical legacy and a wide variety of competing and conflicting issues surrounding race, cultural and traditional practices, and neoliberalism. Drawing on insights from conservation, environmental, and tourism experts, this volume presents the nexus between land conflicts and conservation in the region. The chapters reveal the hegemony of humans on land and associated resources including wildlife and minerals. By using social science approaches, the book unites environmental, scientific, social, and political issues, as it is imperative we understand the holistic nature of land conflicts in nature-based tourism. Discussing the management theories and approaches to community-based tourism in communities where there are or were land conflicts is critical to understanding the current state and future of tourism in African rural spaces. This volume determines the extent to which land reform impacts community-based tourism in Africa to develop resilient destination strategies and shares solutions to existing land conflicts to promote conservation and nature-based tourism.
The book will be of great interest to students, academics, development experts, and policymakers in the field of conservation, tourism geography, sociology, development studies, land use, and environmental management and African studies.
Table of Contents
1. Land Conflicts in Southern Africa: the sustainability of Tourism and Conservation
Regis Musavengane & Llewellyn Leonard
Part 1: Land governance and sustainable tourism management
2. An alternative governance approach towards addressing the intersection between mining developments and impacts on tourism and conservation sites in Southern Africa
3. The Deepening Challenge of Governance of Wildlife and Land Issues in the Context of Rising Citizen Participation in South Africa
4. Leadership and Governance Intricacies in Communally-owned Protected Areas: The Case of Somkhanda Game Reserve, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
Oscar Mthimkhulu & Adrian Nel
Part 2: Managing natural disasters and land reform tourism crises
5. Complex effects of natural disasters on protected areas: the case of Cyclone Idai in Mozambique
Pekka Virtanen, Luis Cristóvão, & José Mourinho
6. The challenges and prospects of community-based tourism post Zimbabwe's land reform programme in the Midlands Province.
Zibanai Zhou & Dzingai Kennedy Nyahunzvi
7. A review of post-restitution land rights agreement conflicts and their resolution at &Beyond Phinda Private Game Reserve in KZN, South Africa
Jones Mudimu Muzirambi, Simon Naylor, & Kevin Mearns
8. Environmental Operational Research for Sustainable Tourism and Conflict Management in Community-based Natural Resources Management
Part 3: Managing land use, access, and benefit-sharing conflicts
9. The state, community-based tourism and wildlife user rights in tourism concessions in Botswana
Joseph Mbaiwa & Emmanuel Mogende
10. COVID-19, conservation, and tourism in Namibia’s Conservancies: socioeconomic and land-use impacts
Eduard Gargallo & Jona Heita
11. Conflicts between Conservation and community livelihoods: lessons from KwaNibela and iSimangaliso Wetland Park, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zwelakhe Thulasizwe Mascot Maseko & Inocent Moyo
12. The partially transformed frontier: Aspirations, limitations, and tensions of transfrontier conservation in the Maloti-Drakensberg
Oscar Mthimkhulu & Adrian Nel
Part 4: Conclusion
13. The future of community-based tourism amid socio-economic and political conflicts in Southern Africa
Llewellyn Leonard & Regis Musavengane
Regis Musavengane is a faculty member in the Department of Tourism, Hospitality & Leisure Sciences at the Midlands State University, Zimbabwe, and a Research Fellow in the School of Ecological and Human Sustainability at University of South Africa. He is a member of the IUCN's World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group (TAPAS). He holds a PhD in Geography and Environmental Studies from the Witwatersrand University.
Llewellyn Leonard is a Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences, School of Ecological and Human Sustainability, College of Agriculture and Environment Sciences at the University of South Africa. He holds a PhD from Kings College, University of London and is a geographer and environmental sociologist. Before joining academia, he worked for a human rights environmental organisation working to support vulnerable communities exposed to environmental risks.
"This book tackles the ongoing contestation of natural resource ownership and the management of nature and community-based tourism in Southern Africa. These issues are consequential and highly complex. The volume explores four interrelated themes: (i) Land governance and sustainable tourism management, (ii) Managing natural disasters and land reform tourism crises, and (iii) Managing natural disasters and land reform tourism crises. This book will be an important resource for practitioners, faculty and tertiary scholars in related fields, at all levels."
Dr Mucha Mkono, PhD, Lecturer, Business School, The University of Queensland.
"Conservation, Land Conflicts, and Sustainable Tourism in Southern Africa presents a bold collection of papers that address challenging issues of equity, access, restitution, and redistribution in tourism. Tackling these politically sensitive and emotive issues, the book is a long overdue addition to the literature, and should be essential reading for practitioners and tourism ventures."
Anna Spenceley, Senior Research Fellow, University of Johannesburg