Constitutive Models for Rubber VII  book cover
1st Edition

Constitutive Models for Rubber VII

ISBN 9781138115439
Published June 28, 2017 by CRC Press
474 Pages

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Book Description

All aspects of our lives, industry, health, travel and leisure, are utterly reliant on rubber materials, yet typically this notion rarely occurs to us. Increasingly, greater demands are made on elastomeric compounds and we seek elevated performance in terms of improved physical and chemical properties. In particular, we have come to expect rubber components (tyres, vibration isolators, seals etc) to exhibit exceptional wear and fatigue resistance, often at elevated temperatures. Unsurprisingly then, the emphasis in characterising isochoric materials has shifted significantly away from understanding and modelling hyperelastic material behaviour, to a position where we can confi dently design and manufacture rubber components having the functionality and resilience to meet the dynamic loading and harsh environmental conditions that are prevalent today.

In consequence, state-of-the-art technology in terms of dynamic response and fatigue resistance are strongly represented here along with numerous insights into advanced elastomers used in novel applications.

This development is not at the expense of research devoted to current test procedures and the constitutive equations and algorithms that underpin finite element methods. As a result, Constitutive Models for Rubber VII is not only essential reading for undergraduates, postgraduates, academics and researchers working in the discipline, but also for all those designers and engineers involved in the improvement of machines and devices by introducing new and novel elastomers possessing elevated properties.

Table of Contents



Invited papers

Unravelling the mysteries of cyclic deformation in thermoplastic elastomers, C.P. Buckley, D.S.A. De Focatiis & C. Prisacariu

The role of glassy-like polymer bridges in rubber reinforcement, M. Klüppel, H. Lorenz, M. Möwes, D Steinhauser & J. Fritzsche

Elastic instabilities in rubber, A.N. Gent

Mechanical characterization of rubber – Novel approaches

Strain-induced crystallization of natural rubber subjected to biaxial loading conditions as revealed by X-ray diffraction, S. Beurrot, B. Huneau & E. Verron

Effects of strain field and strain history on the natural rubber matrix, K. Bruening & K. Schneider

Parameter identification based on multiple inhomogeneous experiments of practical relevance, D. Schellenberg, D. Juhre & J. Ihlemann

New insights about strain-induced crystallization of natural rubber thanks to in situ X-rays measurements during uniaxial cyclic deformation at high velocity, N. Candau, C. Gauthier, L. Chazeau & J.-M. Chenal

Application of full-field measurements and numerical simulations to analyze the thermo-mechanical response of a three-branch rubber specimen, X. Balandraud, E. Toussaint, J.-B. Le Cam, M. Grédiac, R. Behnke & M. Kaliske

Effect of thermal cycles on the kinematic field measurement at the crack tip of crystallizable natural rubber, E. Toussaint & J.-B. Le Cam

Processing heterogeneous strain fields with the virtual fields method: A new route for the mechanical characterization of elastomeric materials, N. Promma, B. Raka, M. Grédiac, E. Toussaint, J.-B. Le Cam, X. Balandraud & F. Hild

Energy losses at small strains in filled rubbers, L.B. Tunnicliffe, A.G. Thomas & J.J.C. Busfield

The mechanism of fatigue crack growth in rubbers under severe loading: The effect of stress-induced crystallization, J.-B. Le Cam & E. Toussaint

Influence of thermal ageing on mechanical properties of styrene-butadiene rubber, I. Petrikova, B. Marvalova & P.T. Nhan

Modelling and simulation

An extended tube model for thermo-viscoelasticity of rubberlike materials: Theory and numerical implementation, R. Behnke, H. Dal & M. Kaliske

Characterization and identification of the memory decay rates of carbon black-filled rubber, J. Ciambella, A. Paolone & S. Vidoli

Theoretical and numerical modelling of unvulcanized rubber, H. Dal, M. Kaliske & C. Zopf

Thermomechanical material behaviour within the concept of representative directions, C. Naumann & J. Ihlemann

Chemical ageing of elastomers: Experiments and modelling, M. Johlitz, J. Retka &A. Lion

A stable hyperelastic model for foamed rubber, M.W. Lewis & P. Rangaswamy

Simulation of self-organization processes in filled rubber considering thermal agitation, H.Wulf & J. Ihlemann

On finite strain models for nano-filled glassy polymers, M. Hossain, P. Steinmann &A.R. Sanchez

Aspects of crack propagation in small and finite strain continua, M. Kaliske, K. Özenç & H. Dal

Testing, modelling and validation of numerical model capable of predicting stress fields throughout polyurethane foam, C. Briody, B. Duignan & S. Jerrams

Comparison of two different approaches to predict rubber response at different strain rates, J.-C. Petiteau, E. Verron, R. Othman, H. Le Sourne, J.-F. Sigrist & B. Auroire

Numerical analysis of the heterogeneous ageing of rubber products, L. Steinke, U.Weltin, M. Flamm, A. Lion & M. Celina

Proposal of an orthotropic hyperelastic model for fiber-reinforced rubber in the electric generator, A. Matsuda & K. Nakahara

A thermo-chemo-mechanical coupled formulation, application to filled rubber, T.A. Nguyen Van, S. Lejeunes, D. Eyheramendy &A. Boukamel

Microstructural analysis of carbon black filled rubbers by atomic force microscopy and computer simulation techniques, I.A. Morozov, B. Lauke & G. Heinrich

Identification of local constitutive model from micro-indentation testing, Y. Marco, V. Le Saux, G. Bles, S. Calloch & P. Charrier

Damage mechanisms in elastomers

A new approach to characterize the onset tearing in rubber, K. Sakulkaew, A.G. Thomas & J.J.C. Busfield

Damage variables for the life-time prediction of rubber components, V. Mehling, H. Baaser &T. Hans

Formation of crust on natural rubber after ageing, S. Kamaruddin, P.-Y. Le Gac, Y. Marco &A.H. Muhr

Contribution of accurate thermal measurements to the characterization of the thermo-mechanical properties of rubber-like materials, V. Le Saux, Y. Marco, S. Calloch & P. Charrier

Nano- to macro-scale modeling of damage in filled elastomers, R. Dargazany & M. Itskov

Influence of strain induced crystallization on the mechanical behaviour of natural rubbers, E.A. Poshtan, R. Dargazany & M. Itskov

Tear rotation in reinforced natural rubber, B. Gabrielle, A. Vieyres, O. Sanseau, L. Vanel, D. Long, P. Sotta & P.-A. Albouy

Stress softening and related phenomena

Modelling Mullins and cyclic stress-softening in filled rubbers, J. Diani, Y. Merckel & M. Brieu

Modelling of the Payne effect using a 3-d generalization technique for the finite element method, M. Freund, J. Ihlemann & M. Rabkin

Electromechanical hysteresis in filled elastomers, D.S.A. De Focatiis, D. Hull &A. Sánchez-Valencia

Effect of the strain amplitude and the temperature on the viscoelastic properties of rubbers under fatigue loading, P. Garnier, J.-B. Le Cam & M. Grédiac

Effect of material and mechanical parameters on the stress-softening of carbon-black filled rubbers submitted to cyclic loadings, Y. Merckel, M. Brieu, J. Diani & D. Berghezan

From the experimental determination of stress-strain full fields during a bulge test thanks to 3D-DIC technique to the characterization of anisotropic Mullins effect, G. Machado, D. Favier & G. Chagnon

A new isotropic hyperelastic strain energy function in terms of invariants and its derivation into a pseudo-elastic model for Mullins effect: Application to finite element analysis, L. Gornet, G. Marckmann, R. Desmorat & P. Charrier

The Mullins effect, S.R. Rickaby & N.H. Scott

Design and applications

Evaluation of magneto-rheological elastomers for spacecrafts, G. Aridon, T. Lindroos & J. Keinänen

Coupling between diffusion of biodiesel and large deformation in rubber: Effect on the mechanical response under cyclic loading conditions, A. Andriyana, A.B. Chai, E. Verron, M.R. Johan &A.S.M.A. Haseeb

Characterization and numerical study of rubber under fast depressurization, J. Jaravel, S. Castagnet, J.C. Grandidier, G. Benoit & M. Gueguen

Fatigue peeling of rubber, T.L.M. Baumard, A.G. Thomas,W. Ding & J.J.C. Busfield

Elastomer prediction method for space applications, P. Camarasa

Structural optimization of a rubber bushing for automotive suspension, G. Previati, M. Kaliske, M. Gobbi & G. Mastinu

Optimisation and characterisation of magnetorheological elastomers, J. McIntyre, S. Jerrams, T. Steinke, A. Maslak, P.Wagner, M. Möwes, T. Alshuth & R. Schuster

Marine ageing of polychloroprene rubber: Validation of accelerated protocols and static failure criteria by comparison to a 23 year old offshore export line, V. Le Saux, Y. Marco, S. Calloch & P.-Y. Le Gac

Nanomechanics of rubber for fuel efficient tyres, K. Akutagawa, S. Hamatani & H. Kadowaki

Fatigue and time dependent behaviour

Definition and use of an effective flaw size for the simulation of elastomer fatigue, F. Abraham

Determination of effective flaw size for fatigue life predictions, J.G.R. Kingston &A.H. Muhr

Fatigue crack growth dynamics in filled natural rubber, L. Vanel, L. Munoz, O. Sanseau, P. Sotta, D. Long, L. Odoni & L. Guy

Heat build-up and micro-tomography measurements used to describe the fatigue mechanisms and to evaluate the fatigue lifetime of elastomers, Y. Marco, V. Le Saux, S. Calloch & P. Charrier

In-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of strain-induced crystallization of natural rubber during fatigue tests, S. Beurrot, B. Huneau, E. Verron, P. Rublon, D. Thiaudière, C. Mocuta &A. Zozulya

The influence of inelasticity on the lifetime of filled elastomers under multiaxial loading conditions, D. Juhre, M. Doniga-Crivat & J. Ihlemann

Time-dependence of fracture behaviour of carbon black filled natural rubber, M. Boggio, C. Merano & M. Rink

Investigations regarding environmental effects on fatigue life of natural rubber, J. Spreckels, U.Weltin, M. Flamm, T. Steinweger &T. Brüger

Potentials of FEA-simulation for elastomer stress softening in engineering practice, J. Präffcke & F. Abraham

On the influence of heat ageing on filled NR for automotive AVS applications, P. Charrier, Y. Marco, V. Le Saux & R.K.P.S. Ranawerra

Test methods and analytical techniques

Development of an experimental device to investigate mechanical response of rubber under simultaneous diffusion and large strain compression, A.B. Chai, A. Andriyana, E. Verron, M.R. Johan &A.S.M.A. Haseeb

Determination of the behaviour of rubber components under hydrostatic pressure, M. Stommel & J. Zimmerman

Creating a uniform magnetic field for the equi-biaxial physical testing of magnetorheological elastomers; electromagnet design, development and testing, D. Gorman, S. Jerrams, R. Ekins & N. Murphy

A method of real-time bi-axial strain control in fatigue testing of elastomers, N. Murphy, J. Hanley & S. Jerrams

Measurement and simulation of a jumping rubber ball, H. Baaser, G. Hohmann, C. Wrana & J. Kroll

Swelling of bent rubber strips and recovery when the stresses are removed, A.N. Gent & C. Nah

Experimental determination of mechanical properties of elastomeric composites reinforced by textiles made of SMA wires and numerical modelling of their behaviour, B. Marvalova, J. Kafka, J. Vlach & L. Heller

Simple shearing of soft biomaterials, C.O. Horgan & J.G. Murphy

Three-dimensional carbon black aggregate reconstruction from two orthogonal TEM images, J. López-de-Uralde, M. Salazar, A. Santamaría, A. Zubillaga, P.G. Bringas, T. Guraya, A. Okariz, E. Gómez & Z. Saghi

Finite element analysis and design of rubber specimen for mechanical test, C.S.Woo,W.D. Kim & H.S. Park

A new machine for accurate fatigue and crack growth analysis of rubber compounds, A. Favier

Biaxial fracture testing of rubber compounds, F. Caimmi, R. Calabrò, C. Marano & M. Rink

Dynamic analysis and test investigation on rubber anti-vibration component, R.K. Luo,W.J. Mortel, S. Sewell, D. Moore & J. Lake

Author index

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