Constitutive Models for Rubber X: Proceedings of the European Conference on Constitutive Models for Rubbers X (Munich, Germany, 28-31 August 2017), 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Constitutive Models for Rubber X

Proceedings of the European Conference on Constitutive Models for Rubbers X (Munich, Germany, 28-31 August 2017), 1st Edition

Edited by Alexander Lion, Michael Johlitz

CRC Press

626 pages

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In order to develop innovative products, to reduce development costs and the number of prototypes and to accelerate development processes, numerical simulations become more and more attractive. As such, numerical simulations are instrumental in understanding complicated material properties like chemical ageing, crack propagation or the strain- and temperature-induced crystallisation of rubber. Therefore, experimentally validated and physically meaningful constitutive models are indispensable. Elastomers are used for products like tyres, engine and suspension mounts or seals, to name a few. The interest in modelling the quasi-static stress-strain behaviour was dominant in the past decades, but nowadays the interests also include influences of environmental conditions. The latest developments on the material behaviour of elastomers are collected in the present volume.

Constitutive Models for Rubber X is a comprehensive compilation of nearly all oral and poster contributions to the European Conference on Constitutive Models for Rubber (Munich, 28-31 August 2017). The 95 highly topical contributions reflect the state of-the-art in material modelling and testing of elastomers. They cover the fields of material testing and processing, filler reinforcement, electromagnetic sensitive elastomers, dynamic properties, constitutive modelling, micromechanics, finite element implementation, stress softening, chemical ageing, fatigue and durability. In the area of rubbery materials and structures, applied research will play an important role also in the coming decades.

Constitutive Models for Rubber X is of interest to developers and researchers involved in the rubber processing and CAE software industries, as well as for academics in nearly all disciplines of engineering and material sciences.

Table of Contents

Keynote lectures

Effect of filler content and crosslink density on the mechanical properties of carbon-black filled SBRs

J. Diani, M. Brieu & P. Gilormini

Experimental research and numerical simulation of the damping properties of Magnetorheological Elastomers

I. Petrikova & B. Marvalova

Efficiency of rubber material modelling and characterisation

H. Donner, L. Kanzenbach, J. Ihlemann & C. Naumann


Modelling of reaction-diffusion induced oxidation of elastomers in two spatial dimensions by means of ADI method

A. Herzig, M. Johlitz & A. Lion

A study on characterising ageing phenomena via the dynamic flocculation model

N.H. Kroger, R. Zahn & U. Giese

Comparison between thermo-oxidative aging and pure thermal aging of an industrial elastomer for anti-vibration automotive applications

M. Broudin, Y. Marco, V. Le Saux, P. Charrier, W. Hervouet & P.Y. Le Gac

Influence of antioxidant type on the thermo-oxidative aging of rubber vulcanizates

K. Reincke, K. Oswald, S. Sokmen, B. Langer & W. Grellmann

On the thermal aging of a filled butadiene rubber

K.D. Ahose, S. Lejeunes, D. Eyheramendy & F. Sosson

Role of strain-induced crystallization on fatigue properties of natural rubber after realistic aerobic ageing

F. Grasland, J.M. Chenal, L. Chazeau, J. Caillard & R. Schach

Service life determination of rubber fuel hose used in aircraft applications

R.J. Pazur & C.G. Porter

Simulation of oxidative aging processes in elastomer components using a dynamic network model

C. Schlomka, J. Ihlemann & C. Naumann

Modeling and simulation of couplings between chemical aging and dissipative heating in dynamic processes on the example of an NBR elastomer

B. Musil, M. Johlitz & A. Lion

Nitrile rubber—the influence of acrylonitrile content on the thermo-oxidative aging

L. Vozarova, M. Johlitz, A. Lion & M. Koberl

Constitutive models and their implementation in FEM

A time-dependent hyperelastic approach for evaluation on rubber creep and stress relaxation

R.K. Luo, M. Easthope & W.J. Mortel

Modeling the Payne effect with Marc in the frequency response of rubber

A.P. de Graaf

Eversion of tubes: Comparison of material models

H. Baaser, B. Nedjar, R.J. Martin & P. Neff

A new constitutive model for carbon-black reinforced rubber in medium dynamic strains and medium strain rates

F. Carleo, J.J.C. Busfield, R. Whear & E. Barbieri

An affine full network model for strain-induced crystallization in rubbers

A. Nateghi, M.A. Keip & C. Miehe

Constitutive modelling of the amplitude and rate dependency of carbon black-filled SBR vulcanizate and its implementation into Abaqus

M. Fujikawa, N. Maeda, J. Yamabe & M. Koishi

Application and extension of the MORPH model to represent curing phenomena in a PU based adhesive

R. Landgraf & J. Ihlemann

A RVE procedure to estimate the J-Integral for rubber like materials

M. Welsch

Lateral stiffness of rubber mounts under finite axial deformation

A.H. Muhr

Finite element implementation of a constitutive model of rubber ageing

J. Heczko & R. Kottner

Experimental characterisation

Internal failure behavior of rubber vulcanizates under constraint conditions

E. Euchler, K. Schneider, G. Heinrich, T. Tada & H.R. Padmanathan

Investigation of time dependence of dissipation and strain induced crystallization in natural rubber under cyclic and impact loading

K. Schneider, L. Zybell, J. Domurath, G. Heinrich, S.V. Roth, A. Rothkirch & W. Ohm

The study of local deformations of stretched filled rubber surface

I.A. Morozov, R.I. Izyumov & O.K. Garishin

Experimental characterisation and modelling of the thermomechanical behaviour of foamed rubber

H. Seibert & S. Diebels

Some cautions when applying nanoindentation tests on a fluoroelastomer: Experimental researches and application

C. Fradet, F. Lacroix, G. Berton, S. Meo & E. Le Bourhis

New ideas to represent strain induced crystallisation in elastomers

K. Loos, M. Johlitz, A. Lion, L. Palgen & J. Calipel

Experimental investigation of the compression modulus at a technical EPDM, exposed to cyclic compressive hydrostatic loadings

O. Gehrmann, N.H. Kroger, P. Erren & D. Juhre

A novel algorithm: Tool to quantifying rubber blends from infrared spectrum

S. Datta, J. Antoš & R. Stoček

Influence of dissipative specimen heating on the tearing energy of elastomers estimated by global and local characterization methods

S. Dedova, K. Schneider & G. Heinrich

Crack growth under long-term static loads: Characterizing creep crack growth behavior in hydrogenated nitrile

W.V. Mars, K. Miller, S. Ba & A. Kolyshkin

Mechanical characterization under CO2 of HNBR and FKM grade elastomers for oilfield applications—effects of 10GE reinforcements

E. Laine, J.C. Grandidier, G. Benoit, F. Destaing & B. Omnes

Sequential automated time-temperature algorithm for dynamic mechanical analysis

C. Costes, F. Le Lay, E. Verron, M. Coret & J.F. Sigrist

New biaxial test method for the characterization of hyperelastic rubber-like materials

D.C. Pamplona, H.I. Weber, G.R. Sampaio & R. Velloso

Thermomechanical analysis of energy dissipation in natural rubber

J.-B. Le Cam

Investigation of crosslinking kinetics of silicone rubber/POSS nanocomposites

İ. Karaağac, G. Ozkoc & B. Karaağac

Diffusion of oils in elastomers—determination of concentration profiles

T. Forster

Mechanical characterization of highly aligned polyurethane microfibers

C.J. Tan, A. Andriyana, B.C. Ang & G. Chagnon

Sorption experiments on elastomers assisted by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)

A. Blivernitz, T. Forster, S. Eibl, A. Lion & M. Johlitz

Multi-objective optimization of hyperelastic material constants: A feasibility study

S. Connolly, D. Mackenzie & T. Comlekci

Strain-induced crystallization ability of hydrogenated nitrile butadiene rubber

K. Narynbek Ulu, M. Dragičević, P.-A. Albouy, B. Huneau, A.-S. Beranger & P. Heuillet

Fracture, fatigue and lifetime prediction of rubber

Rubber reinforcing carbon fibre cord under tension and bending Part 1: Stress analysis

R. Tashiro, S. Yonezawa & C.A. Stevens

Fatigue behaviour of unidirectional carbon-cord reinforced composites and parametric models for life prediction

Y. Tao, E. Bilotti, J.J.C. Busfield & C.A. Stevens

Service life prediction under combined cyclic and steady state tearing

R.J. Windslow & J.J.C. Busfield

Impact of stress softening on tearing energy of filled rubbers as evaluated by the J-Integral

M. Wunde, J. Plagge & M. Kluppel

Influence of discontinuous thermo-oxidative ageing on the fatigue life of a NR-compound used for engine-mount application

C. Neuhaus, A. Lion, M. Johlitz, P. Heuler, M. Barkhoff & F. Duisen

Effect of filler-polymer interfacial phenomena on fracture of SSBR-silica composites

M. Alimardani & M. Razzaghi-Kashani

True stress control for fatigue life experiments of inelastic elastomers

K. Narynbek Ulu, B. Huneau, E. Verron, A.-S. Beranger & P. Heuillet

Experimental study of dynamic crack growth in elastomers

T. Corre, M. Coret, E. Verron, B. Leble & F. Le Lay

Characterising the cyclic fatigue performance of HNBR after aging in high temperatures and organic solvents for dynamic rubber seals

B.H.K. Shaw, J.J.C. Busfield, J. Jerabek & J. Ramier

Gradient damage models in large deformation

B. Crabbe, J.-J. Marigo, E. Chamberland & J. Guilie

Thermomechanical characterization of the dissipation fields around microscale inclusions in elastomers

T. Glanowski, Y. Marco, V. Le Saux, B. Huneau, C. Champy & P. Charrier

Influence of test specimen thickness on the fatigue crack growth of rubber

R. Stoček & R. Kipscholl

Fracture analysis of a rolling tire at steady state by the phase-field method

B. Yin, M.A. Garcia & M. Kaliske

Modelling and finite element analysis of cavitation and isochoric failure of hyperelastic adhesives

A. Nelson & A. Matzenmiller

The study of fatigue behavior of thermally aged rubber based on natural rubber and butadiene rubber

O. Kratina, R. Stoček, B. Musil, M. Johlitz & A. Lion

Characterization of ageing effect on the intrinsic strength of NR, BR and NR/BR blends

R. Stoček, W.V. Mars, O. Kratina, A. Machů, M. Drobilik, O. Kotula & A. Cmarova

Filler reinforcement

Non-entropic contribution to reinforcement in filled elastomers

P. Sotta, M. Abou Taha, A. Vieyres, R. Perez-Aparicio, D.R. Long, P.-A. Albouy, C. Fayolle & A. Papon

A novel reinforcement structure in tire tread compounds: Organo-modified octosilicate as additive

W.R. Cordova, J.G. Meier, D. Julve, M. Martinez & J. Perez

Stress softening

A physical interpretation for network alterations of filled elastomers under deformation: A focus on the morphology of filler–chain interactions

H. Khajehsaeid & N. Mirzaei

Rheology and processing

The evolution of viscoelastic properties of silicone rubber during cross-linking investigated by thickness-shear mode quartz resonator

A. Dalla Monta, F. Razan, J.-B. Le Cam & G. Chagnon

Special elastomers

Modeling and simulation of magnetic-sensitive elastomer immersed in surrounding medium

Q. Liu, H. Li & K.Y. Lam

A simple Mullins model applied to a constitutive model for foamed rubber

M.W. Lewis

Torsional wave propagation in tough, rubber like, doubly crosslinked hydrogel

L. Kari

Preparation of electroactive elastomers: Stress relaxation and crosslinking aspects

A. Babapour, F.A. Nobari Azar, E. Kaymazlar & M. Şen

Industrial applications

Modelling of the mechanical behaviour of elastomer seal at low temperature

J. Troufflard, H. Laurent, G. Rio & B. Omnes

FE analysis of hybrid cord-rubber composites

H. Donner & J. Ihlemann

Nanoparticles effects on the thermomechanical properties of a fluoroelastomer

D. Berthier, M.P. Deffarges, F. Lacroix, S. Meo, B. Schmaltz, N. Berton, F. Tran Van, Y. Tendron & E. Pestel

Improvement of leak tightness for swellable elastomeric seals through the shape optimization

Y. Gorash, A. Bickley & F. Gozalo

Comparison of experimental and numerical fatigue lives of rolling lobe air-springs for different diameters, inner pressures and temperatures

A. von Eitzen, U. Weltin, M. Flamm & T. Steinweger

Design issues

Computational material design of filled rubbers using multi-objective design exploration

M. Koishi, N. Kowatari, B. Figliuzzi, M. Faessel, F. Willot & D. Jeulin

Modelling of viscoelastic and hyperelastic behaviour

Isolation and damping properties of rubber-buffers

D. Willenborg & M. Kroger

Constitutive modelling of nonlinear viscoelastic behaviour for Poly (L-Lactic Acid) above glass transition

H.D. Wei, G.H. Menary, F. Buchanan & S.Y. Yan

Thermo-mechanical properties of strain-crystallizing elastomer nanocomposites

J. Plagge, T. Spratte, M. Wunde & M. Kluppel

Vibration isolators with stiffness nonlinearity using Maxwell-Voigt models

S. Kaul, S. Karimi & M. Shabanisamghabady

Calibration of advanced material models for elastomers

T. Dalrymple & A. Purgstaller

Influence of nonlinear viscoelasticity for steady state rolling

M.A. Garcia & M. Kaliske

Comparison of the implicit and explicit finite element methods in quasi-static analyses of rubber-like materials

V. Yurdabak & Ş. Ozupek

Micro-mechanical modeling of visco-elastic behavior of elastomers with respect to time-dependent response of single polymer chains

L. Khalili, V. Morovati, R. Dargazany & J. Lin

A framework for analyzing hyper-viscoelastic polymers

A.R. Trivedi & C.R. Siviour

On the influence of swelling on the viscoelastic material behaviour of natural rubber

F. Neff, A. Lion & M. Johlitz

Micro-structural theories of rubber

Electroelasticity of dielectric elastomers based on molecular chain statistics

M. Itskov, V.N. Khiem & S. Waluyo

Analytical network averaging: A general concept for material modeling of elastomers

V.N. Khiem & M. Itskov

A hyperelastic physically based model for filled elastomers including continuous damage effects and viscoelasticity

J. Plagge & M. Kluppel

A micro-mechanical model based on the hydrodynamic strain amplification in filled elastomers

E. Darabi, M. Itskov & M. Kluppel

Effect of microscopic structure on mechanical characteristics of foam rubber

A. Matsuda, S. Oketani, Y. Kimura & A. Nomoto

Three-dimensional homogenization finite element analysis of open cell polyurethane foam

S. Oketani, A. Matsuda, A. Nomoto & Y. Kimura

Derivation of full-network models with chain length distribution

E. Verron & A. Gros

Nano-mechanical modeling for rubbery materials

K. Akutagawa

Evaluation of rheological parameters for injection molding simulations

J. Meier, W. Villa-Ramirez & F. Huls

Statistical investigation of self-organization processes in filled rubber

H. Wulf & J. Ihlemann

Tyres and friction

Prediction of energy release rate in opening mode of fracture mechanics for filled and unfilled elastomers

M. El Yaagoubi, J. Meier, T. Alshuth, U. Giese & D. Juhre

Steady state and sequentially coupled thermo-mechanical simulation of rolling tires

T. Berger & M. Kaliske

About the Editors

Alexander Lion is Professor at the Institute of Mechanics at the University of the Bundeswehr Munich in Neubiberg, Germany.

Michael Johlitz is a postdoctorate at the Institute of Mechanics at the University of the Bundeswehr Munich, Neubiberg, Germany. He completed his PhD in 2008 at the University of the Saarland, Saarbrücken, Germany.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical