Both practical and theoretical, this book provides the basic principles of soil chemistry, hydrology, wetland ecology, microbiology, vegetation and wildlife as a sound introduction to this innovative technology to treat toxic wastewaters and sludges. The use of wetlands for acid mine drainage, and metals removal in municipal, urban runoff, and industrial systems is discussed. Case histories are also presented, demonstrating specific types of constructed wetlands and applications to municipal wastewater, home sites, coal and non-coal mining, coal-fired electric power plants, chemical and pulp industry, agriculture, landfill leachate, and urban stormwater. Construction and management guidelines are clearly explained, providing information on applicable policies and regulations, siting and construction, and operations and monitoring of constructed wetlands treatment systems. Recent theoretical and empirical results from operating systems and research facilities, including such new applications as nutrient removal from eutrophic lakes and urban stormwater treatment within highway rights-of-way, are included. This book is an ideal resource for wastewater treatment plants, consulting engineers, federal and state regulators, industrial environmental managers, municipalities, environmental health professionals, and ecologists.
Table of Contents
Section I: General Principles 1. Wastewaters: A Perspective 2. Wetlands Ecosystems: Natural Water Purifiers? 3. Hydrologic Factors in Wetland Water Treatment 4. Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Freshwater Wetland Soils 5. Wetland Vegetation 6. Wetlands Microbiology: Form, Function, Processes 7. Wetlands: The Lifeblood of Wildlife Section II: Case Histories 8. Constructed Free Surface Wetlands to Treat and Receive Wastewater: Pilot Project to Full Scale 9. The Iselin Marsh Pond Meadow 10. Integrated Wastewater Treatment Using Artificial Wetlands: A Gravel Marsh Case Study 11. Sewage Treatment by Reed Bed Systems: The Present Situation in the United Kingdom 12. Aquatic Plant/Microbial Filters for Treating Septic Tank Effluent Creation and Management of Wetlands Using Municipal Wastewater in Northern Arizona: A Status Report Land Treatment of Municipal Wastewater on Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge for Wetlands/Crane Habitat Enhancement: A Status Report 14. Waste Treatment for Confined Swine with an Integrated Artificial Wetland and Aquaculture System 15. Treatment of Acid Drainage with a Constructed Wetland at the Tennessee Valley Authority 950 Coal Mine 16. Constructed Wetlands for Treatment of Ash Pond Seepage 17. Use of Wetlands for Treatment of Environmental Problems in Mining: Non-Coal-Mining Applications 18. Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment at Amoco Oil Company's Mandan, North Dakota Refinery 19. Utilization of Artificial Marshes for Treatment of Pulp Mill Effluents 20. Use of Artificial Wetlands for Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Leachate 21. Use of Wetlands for Urban Stormwater Management Section III: Design, Construction and Operation 22. Use of Wetlands for Municipal Wastewater Treatment and Disposal - Regulatory Issues and EPA Policies 23. States' Activities, Attitudes and Policies Concerning Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment 24. Human Perception of Utilization of Wetlands for Waste Assimilation...
Hammer\, Donald A.