Constructing Building Enclosures investigates and interrogates tensions that arose between the disciplines of architecture and engineering as they wrestled with technology and building cultures that evolved to deliver structures in the modern era. At the center of this history are inventive architects, engineers and projects that did not settle for conventional solutions, technologies and methods.
Comprised of thirteen original essays by interdisciplinary scholars, this collection offers a critical look at the development and the purpose of building technology within a design framework. Through two distinct sections, the contributions first challenge notions of the boundaries between architecture, engineering and construction. The authors then investigate twentieth-century building projects, exploring technological and aesthetic boundaries of postwar modernism and uncovering lessons relevant to enclosure design that are typically overlooked. Projects include Louis Kahn’s Weiss House, Minoru Yamasaki’s Science Center, Sigurd Lewerentz’s Chapel of Hope and more.
An important read for students, educators and researchers within architectural history, construction history, building technology and design, this volume sets out to disrupt common assumptions of how we understand this history.
Table of Contents
Notes on Contributors
Introduction: Enclosure Expanded
1 Cladding the Palazzo Lavoro: Pier Luigi Nervi and "The Borderline Between Decoration and Structure."
2 The Decorative Modernism of Aluminium Cladding: Architecture and Industry
3 The United Nations Secretariat, Its Glass Facades and Air-conditining,1947-1950
Joseph M. Siry
4 Victor Lundy, Walter Bird, and the Promise of Pneumatic Architecture
5 Saarinen’s Shells: The Evolved Influence of Engineering and Construction
6 Coenesthetic Comfort: Between Climate and the Body
7 Responsive Modernism: Louis Kahn’s Weiss Residence Enclosure
8 Intent vs. Interpretation: the Prosaic Poetics of Leweremtz & Nyberg
9 "The Material of the Future": Precast Concrete at the 1962 Seattle World’s Fair
Tyler S. Sprague
10 The Concrete Facades of Paul Rudolph’s Christian Science Building, 1965-1986
11 Bill Hajjar’s Air-Wall: A Mid-Twentieth Century Four-Sided Double Skin Facade
Ute Poerschke and Mahyar Hadighi
12 Defining the Double-Skin Facade in the Post-war Era
Mary Ben Bonham
13 Enclosure as Ecological Apparatus: Biosphere 2’s Far-From-Equilibrium "Human Experiment"
Clifton Fordham is a registered architect and Assistant Professor at Temple University, where he teaches building design and building technology. His current focus is buillding enclosures with an emphasis on how their design relates to the sun. He is a graduate of the Yale School of Architecture and Howard University.