From the Grand Tour to today's packages holidays, the last two centuries have witnessed an exponential growth in travel and tourism and, as the twenty-first century unfolds, people of every class and from every country will be wandering to every part of the planet.
Meanwhile tourist destinations throughout the world find themselves in ever more fierce competition - those places marginalized in today's global industrial and information economy perceiving tourism as perhaps the only means of surviving. But mass tourism has raised the local and international passions as people decry the irreversible destruction of traditional places and historic sites.
Against these trends and at a time when standardized products and services are marketed worldwide, there is an increasing demand for built environments that promise unique cultural experiences. This has led many nations and groups to engage in the parallel processes of facilitating the consumption of tradition and of manufacturing tradition.
The contributors to this volume - drawn from a wide range of disciplines - address these themes within the following sections: Traditions and Tourism: Rethinking the "Other"; Imaging and Manufacturing Heritage; Manufacturing and Consuming: Global and Local. Their studies, dealing with very different times, environments and geographic locales, will shed new light on how tourist 'gaze' transforms the reality of built spaces into cultural imagery.
Table of Contents
Preface. The Contributors. Prologue. 1. Consuming Tradition, Manufacturing Heritage: Global Norms and Urban Forms in the Age of Tourism. Tradition and Tourism: Rethinking the "Other". 2. Tourism Encounters: Inter-and Intra-Cultural Conflicts and the World's Largest Industry. 3. Learning to Consume: What is Heritage and When is it Traditional? 4. Openings to Each Other in the Technological Age. Imaging the Manufacturing Heritage 5. Colonial Nostalgia and Cultures of Travel: Spaces of Constructed Visibility in Egypt. 6. Everyday Attractions: Tourism and the Generation of Instant Heritage in Nineteenth Century San Francisco -. 7. Re-Presenting and Representing the Vernacular: The Open-Air Museum. Manufacturing and Consuming: Global and Local. 8. Making the Nation: The Politics of Heritage in Egypt. 9. The 'Old-New Jaffa': Tourism, Gentrification, and the Battle for Tel Aviv's Arab Neighbourhood. 10. Image Making, City Marketing, and the Aesthetization of Social Inequality in Rio de Janeiro. Epilogue. 11. 'Authentic Anxieties'.
Nezar AlSayyad is an architect, planner, and urban historian. He is currently chair of the Center for Middle Eastern Studies and Professor of Architecture and Planning at the University of California, Berkeley.
'This book not only offers a broad and thoughtful exploration of heritage and tradition, but does so in an engaging, perceptive, and considered way, contributing significantly to current tourism discourse.' - Environment and Planning A
'This volume offers an interesting discourse on important concepts in heritage, its creation, propagation, and importance to national identity.' - Annual of Tourism Research