1st Edition

Contaminant Hydrology Cold Regions Modeling

Edited By S.A. Grant, John M. Baker, I.K. Iskandar Copyright 2000

    Environmental contamination in cold regions poses unique problems. It affects traditionally pristine areas and presents substantial operational difficulties. The extreme temperature range, soils and geology, the unique biological diversity, the freezing and thawing of pollutants, and the impact of human activities make environmental site assessment and remediation a challenging task.
    Based on papers presented at an international workshop held in Anchorage, Alaska, Contaminant Hydrology: Cold Regions Modeling provides insight into areas such as:

  • Problems of contaminant hydrology
  • Strategies for development of cost effective amelioration procedures
  • Basic guidelines for conducting groundwater modeling
  • Feasibility and computer model studies
    Appoximately 50% of the earth's land mass is frozen at some time during the annual cycle. While we know a lot about contaminant fate and transport in cold regions, we must gain a better understanding of the effects of contamination and predicting the effectiveness of remedial actions. Contaminant Hydrology: Cold Regions Modeling provides this knowledge, making it easier to choose cost-efficient and effective methods.
  • The Nature of Contaminant Hydrology and Case Studies for Assessment
    Problems of Contaminant Hydrology in Siberia, O.F. Vasiliev
    Direct Measurements of Air Distribution During In Situ Air Sparging, D. J. McKay and L. J. Acomb
    Subsurface Barrier and Recovery Trench for Contaminant Removal: Naval Arctic Research Laboratory, Point Barrow, Alaska, J. Baldwin, R. Borrego, and A. Rossi
    Strategies for Development of Cost-Effective Amelioration Procedures for Oil Spills in Cold Regions, P.J. Williams, W. G. Rees, D.W. Riseborough, and T.L. White
    Examples Applications of Models for Cold Regions
    Basis Guidelines for Conducting Groundwater Modeling Efforts to Meet Environmental Requirements, G.R. Bruck
    Hydrogeological Problems in Developing the Diamond-Bearing Deposits in Northern Regions of Russia, V.A. Mironenko and F.G. Astrohchenko
    Application of Freezing for Concentrating Solutes in Liquid Radioactive Waste Solutions, I.L. Khodakovsky, M.V. Mironenko, I.V. Chernysheva, and O.S. Pokrovsky
    Feasibility and Computer Model Studies of Isolation of Radioactive Wastes in Perennially Frozen Bedrock, A.N. Kazakov, N.F. Lobanov, M.V. Mironenko, A.I. Shapkin, and S.A. Grant
    Permafrost and Stratigraphic Layer Identification Using a Hierarchical Neural Network for Interpretation of Ground-Penetrating Radar, J.M. Sullivan, Jr., R. Ludwig, and D.V. Repin
    Case Study Models for Cold Regions
    Permeability of Frozen Silt to Organic Contaminants, K. Winnicky
    A Pore-Scale Model for Soil Freezing, L.A. Ferrand
    Sensible Heat Exchange During Snowmelt, J.M. Baker
    Retention Kinetics Heavy Metals in Soils: Modeling Approaches, H.M. Selim, and I.K. Iskandar
    Measurements and Modeling of Benzene Transport in a Discontinuous Permafrost Region, L.D. Hinzman, R.A. Johnson, D.L. Kane, A.M. Farris, and G.J. Light


    S.A. Grant, John M. Baker, I.K. Iskandar