Contemporary Corrections: A Critical Thinking Approach, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Contemporary Corrections

A Critical Thinking Approach, 1st Edition

By Rick Ruddell, G. Larry Mays, L. Thomas Winfree Jr.

Routledge

550 pages

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Description

Contemporary Corrections: A Critical Thinking Approach introduces readers to the essential elements of the U.S. corrections system without drowning students in a sea of nonessential information. Unbiased and accessible, the text includes coverage of the history of corrections, alternatives to incarceration, probation/parole, race/ethnicity/gender issues in corrections, re-entry into the community, and more. The authors' unparalleled practical approach, reinforced by contemporary examples, illuminates the role corrections plays in our society.

The authors have reinvigorated earlier work with additional content on international comparative data to increase our understanding of how prison officials in other nations have developed different types of responses to the problems that challenge every U.S. correctional administrator, a new chapter on correctional personnel, and an integration of race and ethnicity issues throughout the book.

Unrivalled in scope, this book offers undergraduates a concise but comprehensive introduction to corrections with textual materials and assignments designed to encourage students’ critical thinking skills.

Reviews

"Authored by three accomplished scholars, this text offers an illuminating tour across the diverse features of contemporary corrections. The book’s foundation rests on its conceptual and research rigor that provide essential details on correctional trends, populations, and system components. Most innovative, it is designed to engage students in the learning enterprise by offering real-world examples and challenging them to think critically. At once accessible and scholarly, Contemporary Corrections is ideal for classroom use."

Francis T. Cullen, Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus, University of Cincinnati

"Contemporary Corrections: A Critical Thinking Approach represents a needed addition to the extant stock of corrections texts, particularly those with an essentials or foundations orientation. It is concise enough to be thoroughly covered in a semester or abbreviated term and strikes the right balance between conveying the scope of the field and the depth of issues. It is written by seasoned authors who understand the complexities and challenges facing the field and know how to teach others to begin doing the same."

Kevin I. Minor, Foundation Professor of Justice Studies, Eastern Kentucky University

"I recommend the revised edition of Contemporary Corrections by Ruddell, Mays, and Winfree. Not only does the text provide an in-depth look into the essentials in corrections, the authors also contextualize the topics using examples from actual case studies. This approach provides an opportunity to launch class discussions and engage students in problem-solving activities. As a scholar in gender and justice, I appreciate the authors’ coverage of the ways in which race, class, and gender intersect to impact justice."

Dawn Beichner, Professor, Women’s and Gender Studies and Criminal Justice Sciences, Illinois State University

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction to Corrections

  • Introduction
  • Overview of American Correctional Systems
  • Philosophies of Punishment
  • Criminological Theories and Corrections
  • Direct and Indirect Costs of Imprisonment
  • Five Trends Affecting Corrections
  • Summary

Chapter 2: A Brief History of Punishment and Corrections

  • Introduction
  • A History of Punishments
  • Punishment
  • The Origins and Evolution of American Jails
  • The Development of the Penitentiary
  • Prison Reform
  • Summary

Chapter 3: Sentencing and Criminal Sanctions

  • Introduction
  • Sentencing
  • Sentencing Options
  • Decision-Making and Sentencing
  • After the Verdict
  • Sentencing Trends
  • Summary

Chapter 4: Probation and Community Corrections

  • Introduction
  • A Short History of Community Supervision
  • Diverting Offenders from the Justice System
  • Ordinary Probation
  • Intermediate Sanctions
  • Characteristics of Community Corrections Programs
  • Probation Officer Roles and Functions
  • Increasing Successful Probation Outcomes
  • Summary

Chapter 5: Jails and Detention Facilities

  • Introduction
  • Contemporary Jail and Detention Facilities
  • Alternative Detention Arrangements
  • Profile of Jail Inmates
  • Jail Design
  • Jail Personnel
  • Major Jail Challenges
  • Summary

Chapter 6: Institutional Corrections

  • Introduction
  • Prisoner Management
  • Institutional Controls
  • Prison Types and Functions
  • Inmate Classification
  • Federal Prison System
  • State Prison Systems
  • Private Prison Systems
  • Summary

Chapter 7: Correctional Personnel

  • Introduction
  • Corrections Officers
  • Corrections Counselors
  • Community-Based Corrections: Probation and Parole Officers
  • Administrative and Support Staff
  • Employee Ethics
  • Well-Being and Corrections Work
  • Summary

Chapter 8: Prisoners and Prison Life

  • Introduction
  • Evolution of Jail and Prison Culture
  • The Pains of Imprisonment
  • Prison Effects
  • Jail and Prison Gangs: Security Threat Groups
  • Summary

Chapter 9: Living and Dying in Prison

  • Introduction
  • Life-Sentenced Prisoners
  • Elderly Prisoners
  • Capital Punishment
  • Summary

Chapter 10: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

  • Introduction
  • Origins of Parole
  • The Administration of Parole
  • Conditions of Release
  • Violations of Parole
  • Prisoner Reentry
  • Summary

Chapter 11: Gender Issues in Corrections

  • Introduction
  • Nature and Extent of Female Criminality
  • Explaining Female Offenders
  • A Brief History of Women’s Incarceration
  • Women in Corrections
  • Operating Women’s Correctional Facilities
  • Inmate Culture in Women’s Corrections
  • Summary

Chapter 12: Juvenile Corrections

  • Introduction
  • A Brief History of Juvenile Corrections
  • Juvenile Crime Trends and Correctional Populations
  • Juvenile Corrections: An Overview
  • Sticker Shock: The High Cost of Youth Incarceration
  • Summary

Chapter 13: Corrections Law and Inmate Litigation

  • Introduction
  • The History of Inmate Litigation
  • Inmate Litigation and Postconviction Relief
  • Legal Assistance and Legal Access
  • Laws and Litigation Dealing with Probation and Parole
  • Issues Raised by Corrections Lawsuits
  • Emerging Issues in Inmate Litigation
  • Summary

Chapter 14: The Future of Corrections

  • Introduction
  • Future Correctional Philosophies
  • Forecasting Future Correctional Trends
  • External Factors Influencing Correctional Operations
  • Internal Factors Influencing Correctional Operations
  • Future Correctional Research
  • The Challenges Ahead for Corrections
  • Vested Interests and the Prison-Industrial Complex
  • Summary

Glossary

About the Authors

Rick Ruddell is Professor and Law Foundation of Saskatchewan Chair in Police Studies at the University of Regina. Prior to this appointment, he served as Director of Operational Research with the Correctional Service of Canada and held faculty positions at Eastern Kentucky University and the California State University, Chico. In addition to publishing over 130 articles and technical reports, his recently published books include Oil, Gas, and Crime: The Dark Side of the Boomtown, Policing Rural Canada, Exploring Criminal Justice in Canada, and Making Sense of Criminal Justice.

G. Larry Mays is Regents Professor Emeritus at New Mexico State University. He has published more than 100 journal articles, practitioner texts, book chapters, and encyclopedia entries. Among the books he has coauthored are America's Courts and the Judicial Process, 2nd edition (2017), Introduction to Criminal Justice, 2nd edition (2019), and Making Sense of Criminal Justice, 3rd edition. (2019). Mays has received numerous awards, including the Carnegie Foundation's Professor of the Year for the State of New Mexico, and he is a life member of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.

L. Thomas Winfree, Jr. is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Criminal Justice at New Mexico State University. Besides teaching literally tens of thousands of students over his 40-year academic career, Winfree authored or co-authored over 130 refereed articles and book chapters. Moreover, he is the co-author of two anthologies and eight textbooks, most recently Essentials of Criminological Theory with Howard Abadinsky (2017); Mental Illness and Criminal Justice with Anne Fisher Segal and Stand Friedman (2019); and Introduction to Criminal Justice: The Essentials with G. Larry Mays and Leanne Fiftal Alarid (2019).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC004000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Criminology