Contemporary Debates on Terrorism is an innovative textbook, addressing a number of key issues in terrorism studies from both traditional and 'critical' perspectives. This second edition has been revised and updated to cover contemporary issues such as the rise of ISIL and cyberterrorism.
In recent years, the terrorism studies field has grown in quantity and quality, with a growing number of scholars rooted in various professional disciplines beginning to debate the complex dynamics underlying this category of violence. Within the broader field, there are a number of identifiable controversies and questions which divide scholarly opinion and generate opposing arguments. These relate to theoretical issues, such as the definition of terrorism and state terrorism, substantive issues like the threat posed by al Qaeda/ISIL and the utility of different responses to terrorism, different pathways leading people to engage in terrorist tactics and ethical issues such as the use of drones.
This new edition brings together in one place many of the field’s leading scholars to debate the key issues relating to a set of 16 important controversies and questions. The format of the volume involves a leading scholar taking a particular position on the controversy, followed by an opposing or alternative viewpoint written by another scholar. In addition to the pedagogic value of allowing students to read opposing arguments in one place, the volume will also be important for providing an overview of the state of the field and its key lines of debate.
This book will be essential reading for students of terrorism studies and political violence, critical terrorism studies, security studies and IR in general.
Table of Contents
Introduction: contemporary debates on terrorism, Richard Jackson and Daniela Pisoiu
PART I: THE DEFINITION AND STUDY OF TERRORISM
1. Is terrorism still a useful analytical term or should it be abandoned?
YES: An agreed concept is possible and useful, Anthony Richards
NO: A landscape of meaning: constructing understandings of political violence from the broken paradigm of ‘terrorism’, Dominic Bryan
2. Is Critical Terrorism Studies a useful approach for the study of terrorism?
YES: The necessity of a critical approach, Christopher Baker-Beall
NO: Don’t give it the oxygen of publicity, Roger Mac Ginty
PART II: CATEGORIES OF TERRORISM
3. Is there a ‘new terrorism’ in existence today?
YES: The relevance of the ‘new terrorism’ concept, Ersun N. Kurtulus
NO: The fallacy of the new terrorism thesis, Isabelle Duyvesteyn and Leena Malkki
4. Can states be terrorists?
YES: Terrorism is an equal opportunity tactic, Scott Englund and Michael Stohl
NO: State terrorism: who needs it?, Colin Wight
PART III: THE TERRORISM THREAT
5. Is terrorism a serious threat to international and national security?
YES: The continuing threat to state security, James Lutz and Brenda Lutz
NO: The myth of terrorism as an existential threat, Jessica Wolfendale
6. Is WMD terrorism a likely prospect in the future?
YES: The impact of CBRN terrorism – a general perspective, Natvidad Carpintero-Santamaria
NO: WMD terrorism: the prospects, John Mueller
7. Is cyber-terrorism a real threat?
YES: Why we should start from this assumption, Maura Conway
NO: A narrated catastrophe, not a real threat, Myriam Dunn Cavelty
8. Does al Qaeda still pose the more significant threat?
YES: The enduring al-Qaeda threat: a network perspective, Jeffrey B. Cozzens and Magnus Ranstorp
NO: Al-Qaeda: a diminishing threat, Lee Jarvis
9. Are returning foreign fighters future terrorists?
YES: Returning foreign fighters are future terrorists, Edwin Bakker and Jeanine de Roy van Zuijdewijn
NO: Terrorists returning home were not radicalized abroad, Richard Bach Jensen and Felix Lippe
PART IV: THE CAUSES OF TERRORISM
10. Is terrorism the result of root causes such as poverty and exclusion?
YES: How structural factors explain terrorism, Dipak Gupta
NO: Poverty and exclusion are not the root causes of terrorism, Graham R. Huesmann and L. Rowell Huesmann
11. Is religious extremism a major cause of terrorism?
YES: Religious extremism as a major cause of terrorism, Amanda Munroe and Fathali M. Moghaddam
NO: ‘Religious terrorism’ as ideology, Jeff Goodwin
PART V: DEALING WITH TERRORISM
12. Are counterterrorism frameworks based on suppression and military force effective in responding to terrorism?
YES: The use of force to combat terrorism, Boaz Ganor
NO: Wars on terror – learning the lessons of failure, Paul Rogers
13. Are drones a useful counterterrorism tool?
YES: But the means must justify the ends, Christine Sixta Rinehart
NO: Drones create a perpetual war for perpetual peace, Rory Finegan
14. Are counter-radicalisation approaches an effective counterterrorist tool?
YES: An effective counterterrorism tool, Daniel Koehler
NO: A suspect counterterrorism ‘science’ that ignores economic marginalisation, foreign policy and ethics, Charlotte Heath-Kelly
15. Is mass surveillance a useful tool in the fight against terrorism?
YES: Keeping us safe now and helping us improve for the future, Jesse Paul Lehrke
NO: A high cost, low reward approach, Ivan Greenberg
16. Have global efforts to reduce terrorism and political violence since 9/11 been effective?
YES: ‘Looking for a needle in a stack of needles’, Mark Cochrane and Gabrielle Nugent
NO: ‘Using a sledgehammer to crack a nut’, Rachel Monaghan
Richard Jackson is Professor of Peace Studies and Director of the National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Otago, New Zealand. He is the founding editor and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Critical Studies on Terrorism and editor of the Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies book series. His most recent publications include the Routledge Handbook of Critical Terrorism Studies (Routledge, 2016) and Confessions of a Terrorist (2014).
Daniela Pisoiu is a Senior Researcher at the Austrian Institute for International Affairs (OIIP), Vienna, Austria. She is author of Islamist Radicalisation in Europe: An Occupational Change Process (Routledge, 2011), co-author of Theories of Terrorism: An Introduction (Routledge, 2017) and editor of Arguing Counterterrorism: New Perspectives (Routledge, 2014).
'A sophisticated contribution to the understanding of terrorism. Theoretically serious-minded, and genuinely multi-disciplinary, it adds very powerfully to existing debates on a globally significant phenomenon’--Richard English, Queen’s University Belfast, UK
Praise for the first edition:
'Few topics have stimulated as much public debate as contemporary terrorism. What, if anything, does the word itself mean? Where did it come from? How serious a threat does it pose, and to whom? What are the best means for stopping it or at least mitigating its effects? [The editors] have assembled an outstanding group of scholars who debate the answers to these and other questions in a way that provides readers with clear understandings of both the complexity of the problems involved and alternative ways of solving them.' -- Leonard Weinberg, University of Nevada, USA
'This is a comprehensive, thought-provoking and fascinating volume. It provides the reader with conflicting views on terrorism and terrorism related phenomena. The authors are prominent scholars who offer fascinating arguments in a lucid style. This is the kind of scholarship that every individual who has an interest in terrorism should follow.'- Ami Pedahzur, University of Texas at Austin, USA
'This is an impressive collection of essays on a number of critically important debates on terrorism and political violence by an outstanding group of scholars. Incredibly rich, sober and mature in analysisContemporary Debates on Terrorism is an excellent addition to the currently available literature and deserves to be read not only by academic specialists but also by security analysts, policy makers and general readers concerned about international security issues.' -- George Kassimeris, University of Wolverhampton, UK
'Contemporary Debates on Terrorism presents a lively and informative selection of central debates which exemplify the modern terrorist environment. [The editors] have assembled an exceptionally qualified panel of experts who articulately address critical issues defining the nature of present-day terrorism. Questions posed by the authors, and the robust positions taken by experts in this field, are guaranteed to stimulate critical thinking and quality discussions among readers.' -- Gus Martin, California State University, USA
'An innovative pedagogic approach to studying terrorism and counterterrorism through a debate format, with scholars representing different perspectives debating one another over controversial issues.'--Joshua Sinai, 'Terrorism Bookshelf: Top 150 Books on Terrorism and Counterterrorism', Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 6, No. 2 (2012)
'A terrific contribution to any library, personal or academic, and should there be a follow up work to this venture from Jackson and Sinclair, it will be sought after.'-- Devon Simons, Aberystwyth University, UK