American law enforcement, and the public’s perception of police, is a topic of growing interest among academics, practitioners, and policymakers. From the 2014 events in Ferguson, MO, and the alleged "Ferguson Effect", to the debate over the impact of body-worn cameras (BWCs), police militarization, use of force, and other practices that may alter the public’s view of police legitimacy and procedural justice, there is an increasing need for research addressing these contemporary issues in American policing.
This book presents the latest research on these topics, as well as related topics noted in the Presidential Task Force on 21st Century Policing, such as police use of technology, transparency, oversight, and building trust with the community. The studies contained in this book examine these issues by leveraging empirical data on policing, public perceptions, crime, and diverse research methods, to present high-quality analysis of these timely and relevant topics in today’s world.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Crime and Justice.
Table of Contents
Introduction to Contemporary Issues in American Policing
Richard K. Moule Jr. and Bryanna Fox
1. State-mandated transparency: a discussion and examination of deadly force data among law enforcement agencies in Texas
John A. Shjarback
2. Disparity does not mean bias: making sense of observed racial disparities in fatal officer-involved shootings with multiple benchmarks
Brandon Tregle, Justin Nix and Geoffrey P. Alpert
3. The effects of procedural justice on civil disobedience: evidence from protesters in three cities
Jeffrey B. Snipes, Edward R. Maguire and David H. Tyler
4. Public support for police use of SWAT: examining the relevance of legitimacy
Richard K. Moule Jr., Megan M. Parry and Bryanna Fox
5. Leveraging wireless broadband to improve police land mobile radio programming: estimating the resource impact
Jeremy G. Carter, Eric L. Piza and Eric Grommon
6. Behind the lens: police attitudes toward body-worn cameras and organizational justice
Nathan L. Lawshe, George W. Burruss, Matthew J. Giblin and Joseph A. Schafer
Richard K. Moule Jr., PhD, is an assistant professor in the Department of Criminology at the University of South Florida, Tampa, USA. He earned his PhD from Arizona State University, Phoenix, USA. His research interests include criminological theory and the social causes and consequences of technology adoption and use.
Bryanna Fox is an associate professor in the Department of Criminology at the University of South Florida, Tampa, USA. Dr. Fox earned her PhD from the University of Cambridge, UK. She is a former FBI Special Agent and former research fellow in the FBI’s Behavioral Science Unit. Her research interests relate to the psychological and developmental risk factors for criminal behavior and developing evidence-based tools for law enforcement.