The Conservative party remains the longest-established major political party in modern British history. This collection makes available 19th century documents illuminating aspects of Conservatism through a critical period in the party’s history, from 1830 to 1874. It throws light on Conservative ideas, changing policies, party organisation and popular partisan support, showing how Conservatism evolved and responded to domestic and global change. It explores how certain clusters of ideas and beliefs comprised a Conservative view of political action and purposes, often reinforcing the importance of historic institutions such as the Anglican Church, the monarchy and the constitution. It also looks at the ways in which a broadening electorate required the marshalling of Conservative supporters through greater party organisation, and how the Conservative party became the embodiment and expression of durable popular political sentiment. The collection examines how the Conservative party became a body seeking to deliver progress combined with stability.
The documents brought together in this collection give direct voice to how Conservatives of the period perceived and extolled their aspirations, aims, and the values of Conservatism. Introductory essays highlight the main themes and nature of Conservatism in a dynamic age of change and how the Conservative axiom, in an imperfect world of successful adaptation, being essential to effective preservation informed and defined the Conservative party, the views of its leaders, the beliefs of its supporters, and the political outlook they espoused. This volume explores teh period 1850-1874.
Table of Contents
Volume III – Victorian Conservatism, 1850-1874
Edited by Angus Hawkins
1. Lord Stanley, The Speech of the Rt Hon Lord Stanley at Merchant Tailors’ Hall on Wednesday April 2, 1851 (London: John Ollivier, 1851), 3-16.
2. Edward William Cox, Conservative Principles and Conservative Policy: A Letter to the Electors of Tewkesbury (London: John Crockford, 1852), 3-16, 3-16
3. Arthur Brough, Plain Reasons for Voting for Conservative Candidates for Seats in Parliament (London: Houlston & Stoneman, 1852), 2-15.
4. A Conservative, An Era in the Life of a Living Statesman, by a Conservative (London: Ward and Lock, 1855), 1-42.
5. Lord Derby, The Speech Delivered at the Mansion House on the Evening of 1st May…by the Right Honourable The Earl of Derby, (London: Saunders, Otley and Co., 1861), 3-26.
6. Benjamin Disraeli, Mr Gladstone’s Finance from his Accession to Office in 1853 to his Budget of 1862 (London: Saunders, Otley and Co., 1862), iii-iv, 5-41.
7. C. B. Adderley, Letter to the Rt Hon Benjamin Disraeli MP on the Present Relations of England with the Colonies, new edition, (London: Parker, Son and Bourn, 1862), 1-58.
8. T. E. Kebbel, ‘Mr Disraeli, May 1860’, in Essays upon History and Politics. (London: Chapman and Hall, 1864), 326-362.
9. Sir John Skelton, Benjamin Disraeli, the Past and the Future: A Letter to John Bull Esq, by a Democratic Tory, (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1868), 3-35.
10. The Gladstone Administration: From the Year 1869 to the Close of the Session of 1872, (National Union of Conservative and Constitutional Associations, 1872), 5-30.
11. The Ministerial Crisis: Speeches of the Rt Hon W. E. Gladstone, MP, and the Rt Hon B. Disraeli, MP. (London, NUCCA, 1873), 3-19.
Part 1. Conservative Government, 1852-1868
12. Lord Derby, Ministerial Statement. The Speech of the Rt Hon the Earl of Derby, in the House of Lords, on Friday, the 27th February, 1852, (London: John Ollivier, 1852), 3-16.
13. David Coulton, ‘California versus Free Trade’, The Quarterly Review, March 1852, 492-502.
14. John Wilson Croker, ‘The Old and New Ministries’, The Quarterly Review, March 1852, pp. 567-592.
15. Lord Derby, ‘Ministerial Statement’, Hansard Debates, 1 March 1858, Third Series, 149, col. 22-44.
16. How Shall We Vote? Or an Enquiry Into the Principal Measures of Lord Derby’s Administration, and the Conduct of the Opposition Leaders During the Last Two Sessions of the Late Parliament, (London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1859), 3-32.
17. Lord Derby, ‘Ministerial Statement’, Hansard Debates, 9 July 1866, Third Series, 184, col., 726-744.
18. Benjamin Disraeli, The Chancellor of the Exchequer in Scotland: Two Speeches Delivered by Him in the City of Edinburgh, 29th and 30th October, 1867 (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1867), 1-44.
19. Lord Cranborne, ‘The Conservative Surrender’, The Quarterly Review, October 1867, pp. 533-565.
Angus Hawkins is Professor of Modern British History at Oxford University and a Fellow of Keble College
Richard Gaunt is Associate Professor in the Department of History, University of Nottingham, UK