Contemporary Thought on Nineteenth Century Socialism  book cover
1st Edition

Contemporary Thought on Nineteenth Century Socialism

ISBN 9781138490192
Published December 15, 2020 by Routledge
1807 Pages

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Book Description

This four-volume collection of primary sources examine socialism in the long nineteenth century. The volumes examine the Owenite movement, Co-operation and socialism, Fabian Socialism and the birth of the Labour Party, as well as Marxists and rejectionists. Accompanied by extensive editorial commentary, this title will be of great interest to students and scholars of history and politics.

Table of Contents

Volume 1: Owenism

Edited by Ophélie Siméon

Part 1. Work as it was and how it might be

  1. Robert Owen, "Address Prefixed to the Third Essay - ‘To the Superintendents of Manufactories’", in A New View of Society, IV, (London: printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, [1814] 1816), 71-77.
  2. House of Commons, "Evidence of Robert Owen on his New Lanark Experiment", in Report of the Select Committee on the State of Children employed in Manufactories, 1816, pp. 20-8; 36-40; 86-95.
  3. Robert Owen, "Letter, dated July 25 and 16, 1817, containing a Further Development of the Plan contained in the Report to the Committee of the Association for the Relief of the Manufacturing and Labouring Poor, with Answers and Objections" (1817), in A Supplementary Appendix to the First Volume of The Life of Robert Owen, Containing a Series of Reports, Addresses, Memorials, and Other Documents, Referred to in That Volume. 1803-1820, (London: Effingham Wilson 1858) Appendix I.2, 65-78.
  4. Philanthropos [John Minter Morgan], Remarks on the Practicability of Mr. Robert Owen's Plan to Improve the Condition of the Lower Classes (London: S. Leigh, 1819), 25-28.
  5. George Mudie, "On the Causes of the Distress Prevalent in Great Britain", in Report of the Committee appointed at a Meeting of Journeymen, Chiefly Printers, to take into Consideration Certain Propositions, Submitted to Them by Mr. George Mudie, Having for their Object a System of Social Arrangement, Calculated to Effect Essential Improvements in the Condition of the Working Classes (London: The Medallic Cabinet, 1821), 4-5.
  6. Joshua Milne, "Rights of Industry. Founding of the National Regeneration Society in Favour of the Eight-Hour Day", The Crisis, 7 December 1833, 117.
  7. Benjamin Warden, "Master v. Slave. On Paid Labour in Communities", New Moral World, 2 February 1839, 228-229.
  8. Part 2. Visions of the Future

  9. Robert Owen, Address delivered to the Inhabitants of New Lanark, on January 1st, 1816, on the Opening of the Institution Established for the Formation of Character (London: Hatchard, 1816).
  10. George Mudie, "Prospectus", The Economist, 19 January 1821, viii-xii.
  11. John Minter Morgan, The Revolt of the Bees (London; printed for Longman, Rees, Orme, Browne and Greene [1826]1839), 22-27.
  12. Robert Owen, "The Social System, Chapter V [continued], Constitutions, Laws and Regulations of a Community", New Harmony Gazette, 21 February 1827.
  13. "One of the People" [William Lovett], "To the Wealth-Producing Classes of England", Magazine of Useful Knowledge and Co-operative Miscellany, n°1, January 1830, 7-10.
  14. George Fleming, "To the Socialists of Great Britain. Letter from Tytherly Community", New Moral World, 30 November 1839, 920-22.
  15. Part 3. Concepts of Political Change

  16. Robert Owen, A New View of Society, or, Essays on the Formation of the Human Character: Preparatory to the Development of a Plan for Gradually Ameliorating the Condition of Mankind (London: printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1816), Fourth Essay, 143-170.
  17. Sir William de Crespigny and Alexander Hamilton of Dalziell, ‘Motion Respecting Mr. Owen’s Plan’, House of Commons Minutes (Hansard), 16th December 1819.
  18. Robert Owen, Lectures on an Entire New State of Society: Comprehending an Analysis of British Society, Relative to the Production and Distribution of Wealth, the Formation of Character, and Government, Domestic and Foreign (London: J. Brooks, 1830) III, 42-45.
  19. Rowland Detrosier, An Address, Delivered to the Members of the New Mechanics’ Institution, Manchester, on Friday Evening, March 25, 1831: On the Necessity of an Extension of Moral and Political Instruction among the Working Classes (Manchester: W. Strange 1831).
  20. William Cameron, The First Trumpet. An Address to the Disciples of Robert Owen, on the Importance and Necessity of Speedily Accomplishing a Bond of Union of Mutual Interest, for Gradually carrying into Operation the New Science of Society (London: J. Brooks, 1832).
  21. John Finch, "Liverpool - First Public Social Festival and Ball", letter to the editor of the Liverpool Chronicle, 29 November 1838, reprinted in the New Moral World, 1 December 1838, 91.
  22. Alexander Campbell, "Progress of Moral Reform. Mr. Campbell’s Missionary Tour", New Moral World, 30 March 1839, 362.
  23. Part 4. Political Economy

  24. Robert Owen, Report to the County of Lanark, of a Plan for Relieving Public Distress (Glasgow: Wardlaw & Cunninghame [1820] 1821), 1-7.
  25. Thomas Hodgskin, Labour Defended against the Claims of Capital or the Unproductiveness of Capital Proved with Reference to the Present Combinations Amongst Journeymen. (London: Knight and Lacey, 1825), 83-92.
  26. William Thompson, Labor Rewarded. The Claims of Labor and Capital Conciliated: or, How to Secure to Labor the Whole Products of its Exertions. By One of the Idle Classes. (London: printed for Hunt and Clarke, 1827), 75-88.
  27. William Pare, "Laws of the Birmingham Co-operative Society, and Trading Fund Association", in An Address Delivered at the Opening of the Birmingham Cooperative Society (Birmingham: printed for W. Plastans, and published by the Society, 1828), 27-32.
  28. John Gray, "Sketch of a Commercial Constitution", in The Social System: a Treatise on the Principle of Exchange (Edinburgh: William Tait 1831), 30-39.
  29. George Mudie, Gazette of the Exchange Bazaars, and Practical Guide to the Rapid Establishment of the Public Prosperity, 20 October 1832, n°5.
  30. John Francis Bray, "An Outline of a Social Movement", in Labour’s Wrongs and Labour’s Remedy; or, The Age of Might and the Age of Right. (Leeds: David Green, 1839), 154-176.
  31. Part 5. Ways of Organizing

  32. "Articles of Agreement of the Establishment at Orbiston", The Register for the First Society of Adherents to Divine Revelation, at Orbiston, n°1, 10 November 1825.
  33. "Proceedings of the London Co-operative Society. An Address Delivered before the Society, on New Year’s-Day", Co-operative Magazine and Monthly Herald, n°2, February 1826, 54-59.
  34. "Rules and Regulations of the Equitable Labour Exchange, Gray’s Inn Road, London, for the Purpose of Relieving the Productive Classes from Poverty, by their Own Industry, and for the Mutual Exchange of Labour for Equal Value of Labour", The Crisis, n°27, 8 September 1832, 105-106.
  35. William Carpenter (ed.), "Incipient Community"in Proceedings of the Third Cooperative Congress, held in London (London:W. Strange 1832), 85-95.
  36. ‘Rules and Regulations of the Grand National Consolidated Trades’ Union of Great Britain and Ireland: instituted for the Purpose of More Effectually Enabling the Working Classes to Secure, Protect, and Establish the Rights of Industry’, (London: Harjette and Saville, 1834).
  37. "Progress of Social Reform", New Moral World, 6 August 1843, 46-47.
  38. Universal Community of Rational Religionists, The Constitution and Laws of the Rational Society: as Agreed to at the Annual Congress, held at Harmony Hall, Hants., May 10, 1843 (London: printed and published for the Society by W. Johnston, 1843.
  39. Part 6. Democracy and the State

  40. Robert Owen, An Address to the Working Classes (1819), reprinted in A Supplementary Appendix to the First Volume of the Life of Robert Owen… (London: Effingham Wilson, 1858), 225-231.
  41. Frances Wright, Fanny Wright Unmasked by her Own Pen. Explanatory Notes, Respecting the Nature and Objects of the Institution of Nashoba, and of the Principles Upon Which It is Founded, Addressed to the Friends of Human Improvement, in All Countries and of All Nations (New York: [1827]1830).
  42. Robert Owen, "Mr. Owen’s Memorial to the Republic of Mexico, and a Narrative of the Proceedings Thereon", in Robert Owen’s Opening Speech, and His Reply to the Rev. Alex. Campbell… (Cincinnati: published for R. Owen, 1829), p. 184-190.
  43. William Carpenter, An Address to the Working Classes on the Reform Bill (London: W. Strange 1831), 13-16.
  44. Henry Hetherington, Poor Man’s Guardian, 14 January 1832, p. 245-246.
  45. James Napier Bailey, The Model Republic: a Monthly Journal of Politics, Literature, and Theology, n°1, 1 January 1843, 1-4.
  46. "Meeting of Congress, Friday, May 10, 1844", New Moral World, 8 June 1844, 402-404.
  47. Part 7. The New Religion and the Old

  48. "Philadelphus" [Benjamin Scott Jones], The Economist, n°51, 2 March 1821, 399-408.
  49. Abram Combe, The Religious Creed of the New System (Edinburgh: printed by D. Schaw, 1824), 3-6.
  50. Robert Owen, "Address delivered at the Annual Congress of the Association of All Classes of All Nations, held in Manchester, from the 10th to the 30y of May, 1837", in Six Lectures Delivered in Manchester previously to the Discussion between Mr. Robert Owen and the Rev. J.H. Roebuck (Manchester: A. Heywood, 1837), 102-112.
  51. Charles Southwell, "Policy versus Principle. To the Socialists of England. Letter V", The Oracle of Reason; Or, Philosophy Vindicated, n°11, 5 March 1842, 89-91.
  52. Emma Martin, Religion Superseded, or the Moral Code of Nature Sufficient for the Guidance of Man (London: Watson, 1844).
  53. "T.B.", "Account of an Owenite Nuptial Ceremony", New Moral World, 29 March 1845, 319.

    Part 8. Gender, Sexuality and Family Relations

  55. Catherine Vale Whitwell, "Conclusion, in which some Thoughts on Female Education are offered", in An Astronomical Catechism, Or, Dialogues Between a Mother and her Daughter (London: printed for and sold by the author,) 1818, 345-359.
  56. William Thompson and Anna Doyle Wheeler, Appeal to One Half of the Human Race, Women, Against the Pretensions of the Other Half, Men: to Retain in Political, and Thence in Civil and Domestic Slavery; in Reply to a Paragraph of Mr. Mill’s Celebrated "Article on Government" (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1825), 198-206.
  57. Anna Doyle Wheeler, "Rights of Women. A Lecture delivered by Mrs. Wheeler, last year, in a Chapel near Finsbury Square", British Co-operator, 1830, 12-15.
  58. Robert Dale Owen, Moral Physiology; or, A Brief and Plain Treatise on the Population Question (NewYork: Wright and Owen 1830), 13-18.
  59. ‘Concordia’, "To Robert Owen, Esq.", The Crisis, 22 June 1833, 189-190.
  60. Robert Owen, Lectures on the Marriages of the Priesthood of the old Immoral World, Delivered in the year 1835, before the passing of the new Marriage Act (Leeds: J. Hobson [1835] 1840), 3-14.
  61. "M.A.S.", ‘On the Necessary Co-operation of Both Sexes for Human Advancement’, New Moral World, 26 August 1843, 65.
  62. Part 9. War, Peace and Internationalism

  63. Robert Owen, "Memorial of Robert Owen, of New Lanark, in Scotland, to the Allied Powers Assembled in Congress, at Aix-la-Chapelle, in Behalf of the Working Classes, 1818", reprinted in Manifesto of Robert Owen… (London: Effingham Wilson, 1840), 31-41.
  64. Constitution of the Blue Spring Community for the Promotion of Science and Industry (1826).
  65. John Finch, "Ralahine (Ireland); or Human Improvement and Human Happiness", Letters I-IV, New Moral World, 31 March-21 April 1838.
  66. "Proceedings of Congress, Saturday, May 16, 1840", New Moral World, 13 June 1840, 1314-1316.
  67. Thomas Hunt, Report to a Meeting of Intending Emigrants: Comprehending a Practical Plan for Founding Co-operative Colonies of United Interests in the North-Western Territories of the United States, (London, W. Ostell, 1843), 2-10.
  68. Friedrich Engels, "Progress of Social Reform on the Continent", New Moral World, 23 Oct. - 18 Nov. 1843.
  69. "Meeting of English and Foreign Communists", New Moral World, 28 September 1844, 109-111.


Volume 2: Socialism and Co-operation in Britain, 1850-1918

Edited by Peter Gurney

Part 1. Redefining socialism

1. J. M. Ludlow, ‘Labour and the Poor’, Fraser’s Magazine, January 1850, pp. 13-18

2. E. V. Neale, Report of the 2nd Co-operative Conference held at Manchester…1853 (London: E. Lumley, 1853), pp. 3-7

3. G. J. Holyoake, Life and last days of Robert Owen, of New Lanark (London: Holyoake & Co., 1859), pp. 17-24

4. Frederic Harrison, ‘Industrial Co-operation’, Fortnightly Review, January 1866, pp. 479-488, 491-493, 497-499.

5. William Pare, ‘The Land! The Land!’, Co-operative News, 5 October 1872, pp. 505-506.

6. George Dawson, ‘Co-operative Villages – Co-operation and Communism’, Co-operative News, 12 February 1876; 19 February 1876, pp. 81-93.

7. W. H. C., ‘Modern English Communism’, Co-operative News, 25 August 1877, p. 448

8. Henry Travis, ‘Advanced Co-operation, the Socialism of England’, English Socialism (Manchester: Abel Heywood, 1879), pp. 1-7.


Part 2. Political economy

9. John Holmes, The Economic Advantages of Co-operation Substantiated. A letter addressed to the Rev. Norman Macleod, D.D., proving the truth of the large profits from co-operative economy, as stated at the Glasgow meeting of the Association for the Promotion of Social Science (Leeds: David Green, 1860), pp. 12-18, 21-23, 25-26, 29-30

10. John Parker, ‘Land, Free Trade, and Reciprocity’, Co-operator, 4 December 1869, pp. 836-837.

11. G. J. Holyoake, The Logic of Co-operation (Manchester: Co-op Printing Society, 1873), pp. 6-11.

12. Ben Jones, ‘Suggestions for carrying out the proposals for the education of co-operators’, Co-operative News, 4 November 1882, pp. 743-744.

13. Alfred Marshall, Inaugural address delivered at the twenty-first annual Cooperative Congress ... 1889 (Manchester: Central Co-operative Board, 1889), pp. 3-5, 7-13, 28-30.

14. Hodgson Pratt, The Marriage of Labour and Capital (London: The Labour Association, 1896), pp. 1-3, 6-8.

15. Debate on trusts, The 35th Annual Co-operative Congress, 1903 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1903), pp. 345-347.


Part 3. Class, democracy and the state

16. Ernest Jones and Lloyd Jones, ‘Discussion at Halifax’, Notes to the People, Vol 2, 1852, pp. 793-806, 823-829.

17. Co-operation v. Socialism: Being a Report of a Debate between Mr H. H. Champion and Mr Ben Jones (Manchester: Central Co-op Board, 1887), pp. 6-23.

18. Harry Quelch, Trade Unionism, Co-operation, and Social-Democracy (London: Twentieth Century Press, 1892), pp. 10-16.

19. W. T. Carter, Co-operation is Reasonable Socialism (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1894), pp. 1-8

20. Beatrice Webb, The Co-operative Movement in Great Britain (London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1895), pp. 224-241.

21. Tom Mann, ‘Trade Unionism and Co-operation’, in Edward Carpenter (ed), Forecasts of the Coming Century (Manchester: Labour Press, 1897), pp. 31-36, 40.

22. Philip Snowden, Co-operative News, 29 April 1905, p. 493

23. Percy Redfern, ‘The Conflict of Capitalism and Democracy’, CW S Annual (Manchester: CWS, 1910), pp. 191-192, 196-198, 201-218.

24. John Maclean, Justice, 10 May 1913, p. 7.


Part 4 Utopianism and the religion of co-operation

25. J. T. W. Mitchell’s presidential address, The 24th Annual Co-operative Congress, 1892 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1892), pp. 6-8.

26. Ben Jones, Co-operative Production (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1894), pp. 730-732, 809-815

27. Ramsden Balmforth, Co-operation as a democratic force: being a sermon preached before the Delegates at the Co-operative Congress, Huddersfield on June 9th, 1895, in Fitzwilliam Street Unitarian Church (London: The Labour Association, 1895), pp. 1-7.

28. Catherine Webb, ‘The "Community Idea"’, Millgate Monthly, November 1908, pp. 87-91.

29. Percy Redfern, Co-operation for All (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1914), pp. 115-124.


Part 5 Gender and consumer organising

30. ‘Vice President’s Address’, Miss Greenwood on women’s position, Report of the 17th Annual Congress of Delegates from Co-operative Societies…1885 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1885), pp. 71-72

31. William Marcroft, The Marcroft Family and the Inner Circle of Human Life (Rochdale: E. Wrigley & Sons Ltd., 1888), pp. 50-52

32. Margaret Llewelyn Davies, The Relations between Co-operation and Socialistic Aspirations (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1890), pp. 12-13

33. Catherine Webb, The Women’s Guild and Store Life (1892), pp. 1-8.

34. Margaret Llewelyn Davies, The Women’s Co-operative Guild, 1883-1904 (Kirkby Lonsdale: WCG, 1904), pp. 141-147, 161-163.

35. Sarah Reddish, ‘The Efforts of Women in the Co-operative Movement’, Bolton Co-operative Record, January 1916, pp. 8-9.


Part 6. Internationalism, empire and war

36. E. O. Greening, International Co-operation and the Constitution of the International Co-operative Alliance (London, 1895), pp. 1-8.

37. Édouard de Boyve, Wheatsheaf, October 1902, pp. 52-53.

38. T. W. Allen’s speech, The 40th Annual Co-operative Congress, 1908 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1908), pp. 359-360.

39. Hans Műller, ‘Co-operation and Socialism’, Co-operative News, 14 January 1911, pp. 46-47.

40. William Lander, ‘Mr W. Lander’s Visit to West Africa’, Bolton Co-operative Record, November 1914, pp. 3-4

41. W. J. Douse’s presidential address, The 47th Annual Co-operative Congress, 1915 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1915), pp. 54-55.


Part 7. The sense of the past

42. G. J. Holyoake, ‘History of the Rochdale Pioneers’, Daily News, 6 July 1857

43. Isa Nicholson, Our Story: The Co-operative Movement (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1903), pp. 7-28.

44. ‘The Great Miners’ Lock-out. £67,000 Withdrawn from the Society, 1893’, in The Coronation History of the Barnsley British Co-operative Society Limited. 1862-1902 (Manchester: Co-operative Wholesale Society, 1903), pp. 93-99.

45. Jasmes Haslam, ‘Industrial Accrington: Historical Sketch of its Development’, in A history of fifty years of progress of Accrington and Church Industrial Co-operative Society Ltd., 1860-1910 (Manchester: Co-op Newspaper Society, 1910), pp. 194-205, 208.

46. Allen Clarke, "The Men who Fought for us" in the "Hungry Forties": a Tale of Pioneers and Beginnings (Manchester: Co-operative Newspaper Society, 1914), pp. 58-74, 167-72

47. James Connolly, ‘An Irish Utopia’, in Labour in Ireland. Labour in Irish History. The Re-conquest of Ireland (Dublin: Maunsel & Co: 1917), pp. 129-144.


Volume 3. Fabians, the ILP and the Labour Party

Edited by Peter Lamb

Part 1. Work as it was and how it might be

  1. William Jameson, ‘Why Should London Grow’, Land Lessons for Town Folk, 1896, p. 1-12.
  2. Keir Hardie, Dealing with the Unemployed: A Hint from the Past, Nineteenth Century, article, December, 1904, pp. 1-14.
  3. H. Russell Smart, The Right to Work, Independent Labour Party, c 1908, pp. 3-15.
  4. Part 2. Visions of the Future

  5. Sidney Webb, The Progress of Socialism: A Lecture, c 1888, pp. 3-18.
  6. Fred Hammill, The Claims and Progress of Labour Representation, Labour Literature Society (North England) ca 1894, pp. 3-16
  7. Robert Blatchford, ‘The Need for a Labour Party’, in Britain for the British, 1902, pp. 148-155.
  8. Philip Snowden, The Individual under Socialism: A Lecture, c 1908, pp. 3-14.
  9. Part 3. Concepts of Political Change

  10. Sidney Webb, What Socialism Means: A Call to the Unconverted - A Lecture Delivered for the Fabian Society, 3rd ed, c 1888, p. 2.
  11. Fabian Society, What Socialism Is, (London: Fabian Society, 1890), pp. 1-3.
  12. Sidney Webb, poster for Socialism!: The First of a Course of Four Lectures Will be Given in the Co-operative Hall, High Street, on Tuesday, Nov. 4, 1890 by Sidney Webb, 1890.
  13. R. J. Derfel, On the Importance of Right Methods in Teaching Socialism: A Paper Read to the Manchester and District Fabian Society, February 10th, 1891, pp. 1-15.
  14. Annie Besant and W.J. Nairn, What is Socialism? A Discussion between Mrs. Annie Besant and Mr W. J. Nairn, (Glasgow, SDF, 1892), pp. 1-8.
  15. Part 4. Political Economy

  16. Keir Hardie, Miners' Eight Hours Bill: speech by J Keir Hardie, MP, in the House of Commons, reprinted from The Labour Leader, (London: John Penny, 1902).
  17. Ramsay MacDonald, The New Unemployed Bill of the Labour Party, (London: Independent Labour Party, 1907), pp. 3-15.
  18. Richard Higgs, Socialism and Agriculture, (London: Independent Labour Party 1908), pp. 3-15.
  19. Part 5. Ways of Organizing

  20. Joint Committee of Socialist Bodies, Manifesto of the joint committee of socialist bodies, (London, Twentieth Century Press,1893), pp. 1-8.
  21. Labour Representation Committee, Why We Are Independent, (London: Labour Representation Committee, 1903), pp. 1-4.
  22. Labour Representation Committee, Why is the L.R.C. Independent? (London: Labour Representation Committee, c. 1905).
  23. Labour Party, Labour and Politics: Why Trade Unionists Should Support the Labour Party, (London: Labour Party, 1907).
  24. Keir Hardie, The Party Pledge and the Osborne Judgement, Manchester: The National Press Ltd, 1910, pp. 1-16.
  25. Part 6. Democracy and the State

  26. Ramsay MacDonald, The Law and Trade Union Funds: A Plea for "Ante-Taff Vale", (London: Independent Labour Party, 1903, PP. 3-15
  27. Margaret Bondfield, The Women’s Suffrage Controversy, London: Adult Suffrage Society, 1905, pp. 1-4.
  28. Keir Hardie, The Citizenship of Women: A Plea for Women's Suffrage, fourth edition, (London: Independent Labour Party, 1906), pp. 6-15.

    Part 7. The New Religion and the Old

  30. Tom Mann, A Socialist’s View of Religion and the Churches, (London, Clarion, 1896), pp. 1-16.
  31. Robert Blatchford, The New Religion, 2nd edition, (London, Clarion, 1897), pp. 1-12.
  32. Part 8. Gender, Sexuality and Family Relations

  33. Beatrice Webb, Women and the Factory Acts, (London, Fabian Society,1896), pp. 3-15.
  34. H.G. Wells, Socialism and the Family, (London, A. C. Fifield, 1906), pp. 43-60.
  35. H.G. Wells, Will Socialism Destroy the Home?, (London, Independent Labour Party, c.1907), pp. 1-14.
  36. Katharine Bruce Glasier, Socialism and the Home, (London, Independent Labour Party, c.1909), pp. 1-11.
  37. C.M. Lloyd, The New Children’s Charter, (London, Independent Labour Party and Fabian Society, 1912), pp. 3, 6-20.
  38. Part 9. War, Peace and Internationalism

  39. G.H. Perris, Hands Across the Sea: Labour’s Plea for International Peace, (Manchester: The National Labour Press, c 1910), pp. 1-16.
  40. Harry Dubery and Keir Hardie, A Labour Case Against Conscription, (Manchester: The National Labour Press c.1913), pp. 3-14
  41. Henry Noel Brailsford, The Origins of the Great War, (London: Union of Democratic Control, 1914), pp. 3-17


Volume 4. Anglo-Marxists

Edited by Kevin Morgan

Part 1. The idea of socialism

1. Socialism Made Plain. Being the Social and Political Manifesto of the Democratic Federation, Democratic Federation, 1883

2. ‘The Manifesto of the Socialist League’, Commonweal, February 1885, pp. 1-2

3. Charlotte Wilson, ‘Anarchism’, Justice, 8, 22, 29 November and 6 December 1884.

4. William Morris, ‘Why Not?’, Justice, 12 April 1884.

5. John Burns, The Man with the Red Flag, (London, Twentieth Century Press, 1886), pp. 3-


6. Walter Crane, ‘How I became a socialist’, Justice, 30 June 1894

7. H.W. Hobart, Social Democracy or Democratic Socialism, Social Democratic Federation: Salford District Council, 1895, pp. 3-6, 12, 15-16.

8. H.M. Hyndman, ‘Social-democrat or socialist?’, Social Democrat, August 1897, pp. 228-231.

9. Jack C. Squire, Socialism and Art, Social Democratic Federation, 1907, pp. 5-16.


Part 2. Concepts of political change

10. William Morris, extract rom ‘How the Change Came’ from News from Nowhere, reprinted in Commonweal, 17, 24 and 31 May 1890.

11. Joseph Lane, An Anti-statist, Communist Manifesto, International Revolutionary Library, 1887, pp. 2-22.

12. Harry Quelch, The Co-Partnership Snare, Twentieth Century Press, c.1913, pp. 1-3, 14-16.

13. George Lansbury, ‘Social-democrats and the Administration of the Poor Law’, Social Democrat, January 1897, pp. 14-18.

14. Edward Carpenter, ‘Long Live Syndicalism!’, The Syndicalist, May 1912,


Part 3. Political economy

15. H.M. Hyndman, ‘The Iron Law of Wages’, Justice, 15 March 1884, p. 3.

16. H.M. Hyndman, Socialism and Slavery (1884), Social Democratic Federation, 1899 edn, pp. 3-15.

17. William Morris, Useful Work Versus Useless Toil (1885), Hammersmith Socialist Society, 1893 edn., pp. 3-12, 19.

18. William Morris, ‘The Reward of "Genius"’, Commonweal, 25 September 1886, pp. 205-206.

19. Robert Tressell, extract from ‘The Great Money Trick’ in The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists (1914).

Part 4. Work and social conditions

20. Tom Mann, What a Compulsory Eight-hour Day Means to the Workers, London, Modern Press, 1886.

21. Countess of Warwick, Unemployment: Its Causes and Consequences, London, Twentieth Century Press, 1906, pp. 5-16.

22. Dora B. Montefiore, Prison Reform from a Social-Democratic Point of View, London, Twentieth Century Press, 1909, pp. 1-14.

23. F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, Social-Democracy and the Housing Problem, London, Twentieth Century Press, 1900, pp. 3-4, 6-7, 22-24.

Part 5. Ways of organising

24. Thomas Binning, ‘Organised Labour. The Duty of the Trades Unions in Relation to Socialism’, Commonweal, 14, 21 and 28 August 1886.

25. Harry Quelch, ‘Social Democracy and Industrial Organisation’, Social Democrat, 15 April 1910.

26. Tom Mann, ‘Prepare for Action’, Industrial Syndicalist, July 1910, pp. 31-54.

27. T. Hunter, ‘Leadermania’, Justice, 13 November 1897, p. 2.

Part 6. Democracy and the state

28. Ernest Belfort Bax, ‘The Will of the Majority’, in The Ethics of Socialism, London: Swann Sonnenschein, 1889, pp. 120-128.

29. [Henry Salt], ‘Workmen’s Jubilee Ode’, Social Democrat, February 1897.

30. ‘After the Jubilee’, Justice, 16 October 1897, p. 2.

31. Ernest Belfort Bax, ‘The "Monstrous Regiment" of Womanhood’, Essays in Socialism

New and Old, London, Grant Richards, 1906, pp. 276-279, 282-294.

32. Dora Montefiore, ‘Why I Am Opposed to Female Suffrage’, Social Democrat, April 1909.

Part 7. The new religion and the old

33. E. Belfort Bax and H. Quelch, ‘The socialist conception of ethics’ from A New Catechism of Socialism, London, Twentieth Century Press, 1902, pp. 22-30.

34. Herbert Burrows, ‘A Christmas Sermon which the Bishop of London has been asked to Preach in Westminster Abbey on Sunday, December 25’, Justice, 24 December 1887, p. 4

35. J. Connell, Socialism and the Survival of the Fittest, London, Twentieth Century Press (c. 1891), third edition, 1910, pp. 1-17

36. James Leatham, Was Jesus a Socialist? (1891), Worker Office, Huddersfield, , London, Twentieth Century Press, c. 1908, pp. 1-15.

37. Edward Carpenter, ‘Simplification of Life’, from England’s Ideal, Swan Sonnenschein, Lowrey & Co, 1887, pp. 79-99.

Part 8. Gender, sexuality, family and personal relations

38. Ernest Belfort Bax, ‘The Commercial Hearth’, Commonweal, 8 May 1886, p. 42 and 15 May 1886, p. 50.

39. Dora B. Montefiore, Some Words to Socialist Women, Social Democratic Party Women’s Committee, London, Twentieth Century Press, 1908, pp. 5-16.

40. Herbert Burrows, The Future of Woman, London, Twentieth Century Press, 1909, pp. 1-14.

41. George Whitehead, Socialism and Eugenics, London, Twentieth Century Press, 1911, pp. 1-15.

Part 9. War, peace and internationalism

42. Manifesto of the Socialist League on the Soudan War, Socialist League, 1885

43. R.B. Cunninghame Graham, The Imperial Kailyard. Being a Biting Satire on English colonisation, London, Twentieth Century Press, 1896, pp. 3-15.

44. H.M. Hyndman, The Approaching Catastrophe in India, London, Twentieth Century

Press, 1897, pp. 3-16

45. John R. Widdup, ‘Socialism and Colonial Development’, Social Democrat, July 1898, pp. 208-211.

46. Harry Quelch, Social-Democracy and the Armed Nation, London, Twentieth Century

Press, 1900, pp. 3-14, 16.

47. Dora Montefiore, Anti-militarism from the workers' point of view: why every working man and woman should be an anti-militarist, Workers’ Anti-Militarist Committee, 1913, pp. 1-7.

48. James Connolly, ‘A Continental Revolution’, Forward, 15 August 1914, pp. 38-42.

Part 10. The sense of the past

49. Edward Aveling, ‘George Julian Harney: A Straggler of 1848’, Social Democrat, January 1897, pp. 3-8.

50. R.B. Cunninghame Graham, ‘Bloody Niggers’, Social Democrat, April 1897, pp. 104-109.

51. Theodore Rothstein, ‘Why is Socialism in England at a Discount?’, Social Democrat, March 1898, pp. 69-74 and April 1898, pp. 112-17.

52. H.W. Lee, The First of May: The International Labour Day (1900), London, Twentieth Century Press, 1904, pp. 3-16.





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