Contemporary Thought on Nineteenth Century Socialism  book cover
1st Edition

Contemporary Thought on Nineteenth Century Socialism

Edited By

Peter Gurney

ISBN 9781138321007
Published December 15, 2020 by Routledge
370 Pages

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Book Description

This second volume considers various socialist impulses and developments after the collapse of the Owenite movement in Britain. Interventions by some leading Christian Socialists will illuminate one important tendency; publications by O’Brien another less vital strand. Central to this volume, however, will be far less well-known pamphlets, book extracts and articles in the periodical press by national and local co-operative writers and activists, who appropriated and transformed the legacy of utopian socialism in the second half of the nineteenth century. Old Owenites are naturally included, though more emphasis is given to reworkings by a younger generation of co-operators, now mostly forgotten. The volume will also cover relationships and controversies between co-operators and late nineteenth century state socialists, who attempted to portray the co-operative movement as merely diversionary for the working class.

Table of Contents

Volume 2: Socialism and Co-operation in Britain, 1850-1918

Part 1. Redefining socialism

1. J. M. Ludlow, ‘Labour and the Poor’, Fraser’s Magazine, January 1850, pp. 13-18

2. E. V. Neale, Report of the 2nd Co-operative Conference held at Manchester…1853 (London: E. Lumley, 1853), pp. 3-7

3. G. J. Holyoake, Life and last days of Robert Owen, of New Lanark (London: Holyoake & Co., 1859), pp. 17-24

4. Frederic Harrison, ‘Industrial Co-operation’, Fortnightly Review, January 1866, pp. 479-488, 491-493, 497-499.

5. William Pare, ‘The Land! The Land!’, Co-operative News, 5 October 1872, pp. 505-506.

6. George Dawson, ‘Co-operative Villages – Co-operation and Communism’, Co-operative News, 12 February 1876; 19 February 1876, pp. 81-93. 

7. W. H. C., ‘Modern English Communism’, Co-operative News, 25 August 1877, p. 448

8. Henry Travis, ‘Advanced Co-operation, the Socialism of England’, English Socialism (Manchester: Abel Heywood, 1879), pp. 1-7.


Part 2. Political economy

9. John Holmes, The Economic Advantages of Co-operation Substantiated. A letter addressed to the Rev. Norman Macleod, D.D., proving the truth of the large profits from co-operative economy, as stated at the Glasgow meeting of the Association for the Promotion of Social Science (Leeds: David Green, 1860), pp. 12-18, 21-23, 25-26, 29-30

10. John Parker, ‘Land, Free Trade, and Reciprocity’, Co-operator, 4 December 1869, pp. 836-837.

11. G. J. Holyoake, The Logic of Co-operation (Manchester: Co-op Printing Society, 1873), pp. 6-11.

12. Ben Jones, ‘Suggestions for carrying out the proposals for the education of co-operators’, Co-operative News, 4 November 1882, pp. 743-744.

13. Alfred Marshall, Inaugural address delivered at the twenty-first annual Cooperative Congress ... 1889 (Manchester: Central Co-operative Board, 1889), pp. 3-5, 7-13, 28-30.

14. Hodgson Pratt, The Marriage of Labour and Capital (London: The Labour Association, 1896), pp. 1-3, 6-8.

15. Debate on trusts, The 35th Annual Co-operative Congress, 1903 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1903), pp. 345-347.


Part 3. Class, democracy and the state

16. Ernest Jones and Lloyd Jones, ‘Discussion at Halifax’, Notes to the People, Vol 2, 1852, pp. 793-806, 823-829.

17. Co-operation v. Socialism: Being a Report of a Debate between Mr H. H. Champion and Mr Ben Jones (Manchester: Central Co-op Board, 1887), pp. 6-23.

18. Harry Quelch, Trade Unionism, Co-operation, and Social-Democracy (London: Twentieth Century Press, 1892), pp. 10-16.

19. W. T. Carter, Co-operation is Reasonable Socialism (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1894), pp. 1-8

20. Beatrice Webb, The Co-operative Movement in Great Britain (London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1895), pp. 224-241.

21. Tom Mann, ‘Trade Unionism and Co-operation’, in Edward Carpenter (ed), Forecasts of the Coming Century (Manchester: Labour Press, 1897), pp. 31-36, 40.

22. Philip Snowden, Co-operative News, 29 April 1905, p. 493

23. Percy Redfern, ‘The Conflict of Capitalism and Democracy’, CW S Annual (Manchester: CWS, 1910), pp. 191-192, 196-198, 201-218.

24. John Maclean, Justice, 10 May 1913, p. 7.


Part 4 Utopianism and the religion of co-operation

25. J. T. W. Mitchell’s presidential address, The 24th Annual Co-operative Congress, 1892 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1892), pp. 6-8.

26. Ben Jones, Co-operative Production (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1894), pp. 730-732, 809-815

27. Ramsden Balmforth, Co-operation as a democratic force: being a sermon preached before the Delegates at the Co-operative Congress, Huddersfield on June 9th, 1895, in Fitzwilliam Street Unitarian Church (London: The Labour Association, 1895), pp. 1-7.

28. Catherine Webb, ‘The "Community Idea"’, Millgate Monthly, November 1908, pp. 87-91.

29. Percy Redfern, Co-operation for All (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1914), pp. 115-124.


Part 5 Gender and consumer organising

30. ‘Vice President’s Address’, Miss Greenwood on women’s position, Report of the 17th Annual Congress of Delegates from Co-operative Societies…1885 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1885), pp. 71-72

31. William Marcroft, The Marcroft Family and the Inner Circle of Human Life (Rochdale: E. Wrigley & Sons Ltd., 1888), pp. 50-52

32. Margaret Llewelyn Davies, The Relations between Co-operation and Socialistic Aspirations (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1890), pp. 12-13

33. Catherine Webb, The Women’s Guild and Store Life (1892), pp. 1-8.

34. Margaret Llewelyn Davies, The Women’s Co-operative Guild, 1883-1904 (Kirkby Lonsdale: WCG, 1904), pp. 141-147, 161-163.

35. Sarah Reddish, ‘The Efforts of Women in the Co-operative Movement’, Bolton Co-operative Record, January 1916, pp. 8-9.


Part 6. Internationalism, empire and war

36. E. O. Greening, International Co-operation and the Constitution of the International Co-operative Alliance (London, 1895), pp. 1-8.

37. Édouard de Boyve, Wheatsheaf, October 1902, pp. 52-53.

38. T. W. Allen’s speech, The 40th Annual Co-operative Congress, 1908 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1908), pp. 359-360.

39. Hans Műller, ‘Co-operation and Socialism’, Co-operative News, 14 January 1911, pp. 46-47.

40. William Lander, ‘Mr W. Lander’s Visit to West Africa’, Bolton Co-operative Record, November 1914, pp. 3-4

41. W. J. Douse’s presidential address, The 47th Annual Co-operative Congress, 1915 (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1915), pp. 54-55.


Part 7. The sense of the past

42. G. J. Holyoake, ‘History of the Rochdale Pioneers’, Daily News, 6 July 1857

43. Isa Nicholson, Our Story: The Co-operative Movement (Manchester: Co-op Union, 1903), pp. 7-28.

44. ‘The Great Miners’ Lock-out. £67,000 Withdrawn from the Society, 1893’, in The Coronation History of the Barnsley British Co-operative Society Limited. 1862-1902 (Manchester: Co-operative Wholesale Society, 1903), pp. 93-99.

45. Jasmes Haslam, ‘Industrial Accrington: Historical Sketch of its Development’, in A history of fifty years of progress of Accrington and Church Industrial Co-operative Society Ltd., 1860-1910 (Manchester: Co-op Newspaper Society, 1910), pp. 194-205, 208.

46. Allen Clarke, "The Men who Fought for us" in the "Hungry Forties": a Tale of Pioneers and Beginnings (Manchester: Co-operative Newspaper Society, 1914), pp. 58-74, 167-72

47. James Connolly, ‘An Irish Utopia’, in Labour in Ireland. Labour in Irish History. The Re-conquest of Ireland (Dublin: Maunsel & Co: 1917), pp. 129-144.

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Professor Peter Gurney is based at the Department of History, University of Essex, UK.