1st Edition

Contemporary Thought on Nineteenth Century Socialism

Edited By Ophélie Siméon Copyright 2020

    This first volume will showcase the richness and diversity of the Owenite movement, which spanned decades (from Owen’s first published books in 1813-16 to the late 1840s), political allegiances, genders and continents. This volume therefore calls for a variety of sources not easily available elsewhere - including books, pamphlets, correspondence and newspaper articles - and a variety of often overlapping voices - from Chartists to early co-operators, secularists, non-British Owenites and proponents of women’s rights. The sheer range of Owenite ventures (intentional communities, co-operatives, labour exchanges and experiments in popular education) will be covered, thus blending social and political history. The attempt to map the Owenite movement will eventually lead to the identification of its shared, core principles and values: internationalism, co-operation, concepts of political change, and above all, the ideal of community.

    Volume 1: Owenism

    Edited by Ophélie Siméon

    Part 1. Work as it was and how it might be

    1. Robert Owen, "Address Prefixed to the Third Essay - ‘To the Superintendents of Manufactories’", in A New View of Society, IV, (London: printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, [1814] 1816), 71-77.
    2. House of Commons, "Evidence of Robert Owen on his New Lanark Experiment", in Report of the Select Committee on the State of Children employed in Manufactories, 1816, pp. 20-8; 36-40; 86-95.
    3. Robert Owen, "Letter, dated July 25 and 16, 1817, containing a Further Development of the Plan contained in the Report to the Committee of the Association for the Relief of the Manufacturing and Labouring Poor, with Answers and Objections" (1817), in A Supplementary Appendix to the First Volume of The Life of Robert Owen, Containing a Series of Reports, Addresses, Memorials, and Other Documents, Referred to in That Volume. 1803-1820, (London: Effingham Wilson 1858) Appendix I.2, 65-78.
    4. Philanthropos [John Minter Morgan], Remarks on the Practicability of Mr. Robert Owen's Plan to Improve the Condition of the Lower Classes (London: S. Leigh, 1819), 25-28.
    5. George Mudie, "On the Causes of the Distress Prevalent in Great Britain", in Report of the Committee appointed at a Meeting of Journeymen, Chiefly Printers, to take into Consideration Certain Propositions, Submitted to Them by Mr. George Mudie, Having for their Object a System of Social Arrangement, Calculated to Effect Essential Improvements in the Condition of the Working Classes (London: The Medallic Cabinet, 1821), 4-5.
    6. Joshua Milne, "Rights of Industry. Founding of the National Regeneration Society in Favour of the Eight-Hour Day", The Crisis, 7 December 1833, 117.
    7. Benjamin Warden, "Master v. Slave. On Paid Labour in Communities", New Moral World, 2 February 1839, 228-229.
    8. Part 2. Visions of the Future

    9. Robert Owen, Address delivered to the Inhabitants of New Lanark, on January 1st, 1816, on the Opening of the Institution Established for the Formation of Character (London: Hatchard, 1816).
    10. George Mudie, "Prospectus", The Economist, 19 January 1821, viii-xii.
    11. John Minter Morgan, The Revolt of the Bees (London; printed for Longman, Rees, Orme, Browne and Greene [1826]1839), 22-27.
    12. Robert Owen, "The Social System, Chapter V [continued], Constitutions, Laws and Regulations of a Community", New Harmony Gazette, 21 February 1827.
    13. "One of the People" [William Lovett], "To the Wealth-Producing Classes of England", Magazine of Useful Knowledge and Co-operative Miscellany, n°1, January 1830, 7-10.
    14. George Fleming, "To the Socialists of Great Britain. Letter from Tytherly Community", New Moral World, 30 November 1839, 920-22.
    15. Part 3. Concepts of Political Change

    16. Robert Owen, A New View of Society, or, Essays on the Formation of the Human Character: Preparatory to the Development of a Plan for Gradually Ameliorating the Condition of Mankind (London: printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1816), Fourth Essay, 143-170.
    17. Sir William de Crespigny and Alexander Hamilton of Dalziell, ‘Motion Respecting Mr. Owen’s Plan’, House of Commons Minutes (Hansard), 16th December 1819.
    18. Robert Owen, Lectures on an Entire New State of Society: Comprehending an Analysis of British Society, Relative to the Production and Distribution of Wealth, the Formation of Character, and Government, Domestic and Foreign (London: J. Brooks, 1830) III, 42-45.
    19. Rowland Detrosier, An Address, Delivered to the Members of the New Mechanics’ Institution, Manchester, on Friday Evening, March 25, 1831: On the Necessity of an Extension of Moral and Political Instruction among the Working Classes (Manchester: W. Strange 1831).
    20. William Cameron, The First Trumpet. An Address to the Disciples of Robert Owen, on the Importance and Necessity of Speedily Accomplishing a Bond of Union of Mutual Interest, for Gradually carrying into Operation the New Science of Society (London: J. Brooks, 1832).
    21. John Finch, "Liverpool - First Public Social Festival and Ball", letter to the editor of the Liverpool Chronicle, 29 November 1838, reprinted in the New Moral World, 1 December 1838, 91.
    22. Alexander Campbell, "Progress of Moral Reform. Mr. Campbell’s Missionary Tour", New Moral World, 30 March 1839, 362.
    23. Part 4. Political Economy

    24. Robert Owen, Report to the County of Lanark, of a Plan for Relieving Public Distress (Glasgow: Wardlaw & Cunninghame [1820] 1821), 1-7.
    25. Thomas Hodgskin, Labour Defended against the Claims of Capital or the Unproductiveness of Capital Proved with Reference to the Present Combinations Amongst Journeymen. (London: Knight and Lacey, 1825), 83-92.
    26. William Thompson, Labor Rewarded. The Claims of Labor and Capital Conciliated: or, How to Secure to Labor the Whole Products of its Exertions. By One of the Idle Classes. (London: printed for Hunt and Clarke, 1827), 75-88.
    27. William Pare, "Laws of the Birmingham Co-operative Society, and Trading Fund Association", in An Address Delivered at the Opening of the Birmingham Cooperative Society (Birmingham: printed for W. Plastans, and published by the Society, 1828), 27-32.
    28. John Gray, "Sketch of a Commercial Constitution", in The Social System: a Treatise on the Principle of Exchange (Edinburgh: William Tait 1831), 30-39.
    29. George Mudie, Gazette of the Exchange Bazaars, and Practical Guide to the Rapid Establishment of the Public Prosperity, 20 October 1832, n°5.
    30. John Francis Bray, "An Outline of a Social Movement", in Labour’s Wrongs and Labour’s Remedy; or, The Age of Might and the Age of Right. (Leeds: David Green, 1839), 154-176.
    31. Part 5. Ways of Organizing

    32. "Articles of Agreement of the Establishment at Orbiston", The Register for the First Society of Adherents to Divine Revelation, at Orbiston, n°1, 10 November 1825.
    33. "Proceedings of the London Co-operative Society. An Address Delivered before the Society, on New Year’s-Day", Co-operative Magazine and Monthly Herald, n°2, February 1826, 54-59.
    34. "Rules and Regulations of the Equitable Labour Exchange, Gray’s Inn Road, London, for the Purpose of Relieving the Productive Classes from Poverty, by their Own Industry, and for the Mutual Exchange of Labour for Equal Value of Labour", The Crisis, n°27, 8 September 1832, 105-106.
    35. William Carpenter (ed.), "Incipient Community"in Proceedings of the Third Cooperative Congress, held in London (London:W. Strange 1832), 85-95.
    36. ‘Rules and Regulations of the Grand National Consolidated Trades’ Union of Great Britain and Ireland: instituted for the Purpose of More Effectually Enabling the Working Classes to Secure, Protect, and Establish the Rights of Industry’, (London: Harjette and Saville, 1834).
    37. "Progress of Social Reform", New Moral World, 6 August 1843, 46-47.
    38. Universal Community of Rational Religionists, The Constitution and Laws of the Rational Society: as Agreed to at the Annual Congress, held at Harmony Hall, Hants., May 10, 1843 (London: printed and published for the Society by W. Johnston, 1843.
    39. Part 6. Democracy and the State

    40. Robert Owen, An Address to the Working Classes (1819), reprinted in A Supplementary Appendix to the First Volume of the Life of Robert Owen… (London: Effingham Wilson, 1858), 225-231.
    41. Frances Wright, Fanny Wright Unmasked by her Own Pen. Explanatory Notes, Respecting the Nature and Objects of the Institution of Nashoba, and of the Principles Upon Which It is Founded, Addressed to the Friends of Human Improvement, in All Countries and of All Nations (New York: [1827]1830).
    42. Robert Owen, "Mr. Owen’s Memorial to the Republic of Mexico, and a Narrative of the Proceedings Thereon", in Robert Owen’s Opening Speech, and His Reply to the Rev. Alex. Campbell… (Cincinnati: published for R. Owen, 1829), p. 184-190.
    43. William Carpenter, An Address to the Working Classes on the Reform Bill (London: W. Strange 1831), 13-16.
    44. Henry Hetherington, Poor Man’s Guardian, 14 January 1832, p. 245-246.
    45. James Napier Bailey, The Model Republic: a Monthly Journal of Politics, Literature, and Theology, n°1, 1 January 1843, 1-4.
    46. "Meeting of Congress, Friday, May 10, 1844", New Moral World, 8 June 1844, 402-404.
    47. Part 7. The New Religion and the Old

    48. "Philadelphus" [Benjamin Scott Jones], The Economist, n°51, 2 March 1821, 399-408.
    49. Abram Combe, The Religious Creed of the New System (Edinburgh: printed by D. Schaw, 1824), 3-6.
    50. Robert Owen, "Address delivered at the Annual Congress of the Association of All Classes of All Nations, held in Manchester, from the 10th to the 30y of May, 1837", in Six Lectures Delivered in Manchester previously to the Discussion between Mr. Robert Owen and the Rev. J.H. Roebuck (Manchester: A. Heywood, 1837), 102-112.
    51. Charles Southwell, "Policy versus Principle. To the Socialists of England. Letter V", The Oracle of Reason; Or, Philosophy Vindicated, n°11, 5 March 1842, 89-91.
    52. Emma Martin, Religion Superseded, or the Moral Code of Nature Sufficient for the Guidance of Man (London: Watson, 1844).
    53. "T.B.", "Account of an Owenite Nuptial Ceremony", New Moral World, 29 March 1845, 319.

      Part 8. Gender, Sexuality and Family Relations

    55. Catherine Vale Whitwell, "Conclusion, in which some Thoughts on Female Education are offered", in An Astronomical Catechism, Or, Dialogues Between a Mother and her Daughter (London: printed for and sold by the author,) 1818, 345-359.
    56. William Thompson and Anna Doyle Wheeler, Appeal to One Half of the Human Race, Women, Against the Pretensions of the Other Half, Men: to Retain in Political, and Thence in Civil and Domestic Slavery; in Reply to a Paragraph of Mr. Mill’s Celebrated "Article on Government" (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1825), 198-206.
    57. Anna Doyle Wheeler, "Rights of Women. A Lecture delivered by Mrs. Wheeler, last year, in a Chapel near Finsbury Square", British Co-operator, 1830, 12-15.
    58. Robert Dale Owen, Moral Physiology; or, A Brief and Plain Treatise on the Population Question (NewYork: Wright and Owen 1830), 13-18.
    59. ‘Concordia’, "To Robert Owen, Esq.", The Crisis, 22 June 1833, 189-190.
    60. Robert Owen, Lectures on the Marriages of the Priesthood of the old Immoral World, Delivered in the year 1835, before the passing of the new Marriage Act (Leeds: J. Hobson [1835] 1840), 3-14.
    61. "M.A.S.", ‘On the Necessary Co-operation of Both Sexes for Human Advancement’, New Moral World, 26 August 1843, 65.
    62. Part 9. War, Peace and Internationalism

    63. Robert Owen, "Memorial of Robert Owen, of New Lanark, in Scotland, to the Allied Powers Assembled in Congress, at Aix-la-Chapelle, in Behalf of the Working Classes, 1818", reprinted in Manifesto of Robert Owen… (London: Effingham Wilson, 1840), 31-41.
    64. Constitution of the Blue Spring Community for the Promotion of Science and Industry (1826).
    65. John Finch, "Ralahine (Ireland); or Human Improvement and Human Happiness", Letters I-IV, New Moral World, 31 March-21 April 1838.
    66. "Proceedings of Congress, Saturday, May 16, 1840", New Moral World, 13 June 1840, 1314-1316.
    67. Thomas Hunt, Report to a Meeting of Intending Emigrants: Comprehending a Practical Plan for Founding Co-operative Colonies of United Interests in the North-Western Territories of the United States, (London, W. Ostell, 1843), 2-10.
    68. Friedrich Engels, "Progress of Social Reform on the Continent", New Moral World, 23 Oct. - 18 Nov. 1843.
    69. "Meeting of English and Foreign Communists", New Moral World, 28 September 1844, 109-111.


    Ophelie Simeon is Associate Professor in British History at Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris, France.