Contemporary Work and the Future of Employment in Developed Countries
Whilst only in the second decade of the 21st century, we have seen significant and fundamental change in the way we work, where we work, how we work and the conditions of work. The continued advancements of (smart) technology and artificial intelligence, globalisation and deregulation can provide a ‘sleek’ view of the world of work. This paradigm can deliver the opportunity to both control work and provide new challenges in this emerging virtual and global workplace with 24/7 connectivity, as the boundaries of the traditional organisation ‘melt’ away.
Throughout the developed world the notions of work and employment are becoming increasingly separated and for some this will provide new opportunities in entrepreneurial and self-managed work. However, the alternate or ‘bleak’ perspectives is a world of work where globalisation and technology work together to eliminate or minimise employment, underpinning standardised employment with less and less stable or secure work, typified by the rise of the ‘gig’ economy and creating more extreme work, in terms of working hours, conditions and rewards. These aspects of work are likely to have a significant negative impact on the workforce in these environments.
These transformations are creating renewed interest in how work and the workforce is organised and managed and its relationship to employment in a period when all predictions are that the pace of change will only accelerate.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: The Changing Nature of Work
Jeffrey Saunders, Chris Brewster and Peter Holland
Chapter 2: The ‘gigification’ of work in the twenty-first century
Sarah Kaine, Alex Veen, Caleb Goods and Tom Barratt
Chapter 3: Extreme Working Hours
Peter Holland and Xiaoyan Liang
Chapter 4: Wage theft and the challenges of regulation: Reinventing an old form of exploitation
Chapter 5: Working at the edge of the world
Kimberley Norris, Peter Holland, Rob Hecker, and Xiaoyan (Christiana) Liang
Chapter 6: Working In Danger Zones: Customized Risk Management For Expatriate Occupations
Richard A. Posthuma, Eric D. Smith, Jase R. Ramsey, and Yang Zhang
Chapter 7: Emergency Workers: Working with Violence
Hannah Meacham, Patricia Pariona Cabrera, Jillian Cavanagh, and Professor Timothy Bartram
Chapter 8: Changing places of work
Chapter 9: Total Surveillance - Electronic Monitoring and Surveillance in the 21st Century
Peter Holland and Tse Leng Tham
Chapter 10: Working In ‘Sweatshops’: Outsourcing To Developing Nations
Julian Teicher and Sardana Islam Khan
Chapter 11: About not predicting the future …
Chris Brewster and Peter Holland
List of Contributors
Peter Holland is a Professor of Human Resource Management and Director of the Executive MBA at Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne.
Chris Brewster is now a part-time Professor of International Human Resource Management at Vaasa University in Finland; Henley Business School, University of Reading in the UK; and Radboud University in the Netherlands, specializing in international and comparative HRM.