First published in 1984, this volume examines the then-two Yemens, North and South, and their strategic importance in the Middle East. South Yemen, formerly Aden, was a Marxist country controlling the entrance to the Red Sea. North Yemen contained rival tribal factions and was a buffer country between the Marxists of South Yemen and Saudi Arabia, a traditional Islamic and pro-Western country. This book presents much new research and thinking on the historical development and contemporary political scene in the two Yemens. It considers the internal politics of the two countries, discussing the tribal divisions in North Yemen and the attempts by the Soviets to establish a stable pro-Soviet regime in South Yemen, and it also discusses international politics connected with the Yemens. Government institutions are examined and the attempts to forge these comparatively backward countries into modern states along with the prospects for union between the two countries are discussed. This comprehensive selection of papers, which harnesses much expertise from many countries on the Yemen, is essential reading.
Table of Contents
1. Towards a Sociology of the Islamisation of Yemen D. Thomas Gochenour 2. Memduh Pasha and Aziz Bey: Ottoman Experience in Yemen Jon Mandaville 3. The Free Yemeni Movement: 1935-62 Leigh Douglas 4. The Rise of the National Liberation Front as a Political Organisation Helen Lackner 5. The PDRY: Three Designs for Independence Salem Omar Bukair 6. The Yemeni Revolution of 1962 seen as a Social Revolution Mohammed A. Zabarah 7. Nation-building and Political Development in the Two Yemens John Peterson 8. Education for Nation-building: the Experience of the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen Saeed Abdul Khair Al-Noban 9. South Yemen since Independence: an Arab Political Maverick Manfred Wenner 10. Modernisation of Government Institutions 1962-9 Ahmed Al-Abiadh 11. Tribal Relations and Political History in Upper Yemen Paul Dresch 12. The Judicial System in Democratic Yemen Naguib A.R. Shamiry 13. Aspects of North Yemen’s Relations with Saudi Arabia M.S. El Azhary 14. Soviet Relations with South Yemen Fred Halliday 15. The Communist Party of the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen: an Analysis of its Strengths and Weaknesses John Duke Anthony 16. The Genesis of the Call for Yemeni Unity Sultan Nagi 17. Prospects for Yemeni Unity Ursula Braun