This book investigates how technology and innovation policies in contemporary China are impacted by collaboration and conflicts between different classes and interests in a world economy, in which competitiveness is defined by the successful leverage of emerging technologies.
Focusing on the actual processes and outcomes of technological upgrading in three dynamic sectors, the book presents an alternative approach to understanding China’s industrial upgrading strategies, by examining the ways in which the making and implementation of policies are shaped by political struggles between state actors and dominant capitalist interests in the context of global capitalism. In doing so, the book challenges influential institutionalist approaches as explanations of institutional change, positing instead a political economy framework grounded in social conflict theory to reveal how power relationships and politics are intrinsic to the evolution, form, and function of institutions.
This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of international political economy, development studies, globalisation and innovation, China and Chinese politics, and public policy.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Understanding China’s Transition to an Innovation-driven Economy: Politics, History, and Context
2. Theorising Institutions, Innovation, and Development in China
3. China’s Pursuit of Technological Upgrading in Historical Perspective: What Drives Institutional Change?
4. The Rise of Big Tech: China’s Digital Dilemma
5. Institutional Reform and Contestation in China’s New-energy Vehicle Market
6. Interests, Social Needs and Competition: China’s Struggle to Pursue Drug Innovation
Conclusion: Rethinking Institutional Change, Market-making, and China’s Technological Upgrading
Yvette To is a Postdoc at the Department of Asian and International Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.