Since gaining independence in 1956, Sudan has endured a troubled history, including the longest civil war in African history in Southern Sudan and more recent conflicts such as the humanitarian crisis in Darfur. This book explores this history of ensuing conflict, examining why Sudan failed to sustain a successful modern post-colonial state. The book goes on to consider in detail the various attempts to end Sudan’s conflicts and initiate political and economic reconstruction, including the failure which followed the Addis Ababa agreement of 1982 and the more recent efforts following the Nivasha agreement of 2005 which ended the civil war in the south. It critically examines how reconstruction has been envisioned and the role of the various major players in the process: including donors, NGOs, ex-combatants and the central state authority. It argues that reconstruction can only be successful if it takes into account the fundamental and irreversible transformations of society engendered by war and conflict, which in the case of Sudan includes the massive rural to urban population flows experienced during the years of warfare. It compares possible future scenarios for Sudan, and considers how the obstacles to successful post-conflict reconstruction might best be overcome. Overall, this book will not only be of interest to scholars of Sudan and regional specialists, but to all social scientists interested in the dynamics of post-conflict reconstruction and state-building.
Table of Contents
Part One: Historical and Theoretical Foundation. Chapter 1: Introduction: The Making of Sudan: A history of Incomplete Processes. Chapter 2: War and the Transformative Potential: Towards an Alternative Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Post-Civil Wars. Part Two: The Unmaking of Sudan Chapter 3: The Failed Modernity I: The early Phase of the crisis (Post-colonial to 1989). Chapter 4: The Failed Modernity II: The Crony Capitalism of Political Islam (1989-2004). Part Three: Re-Negotiating a Sudan. Chapter 5: Sudan’s War Produced Economy and Society: The Case for Transformative Potential. Chapter 6: From Addis to Nivasha war-Fatigue Driven Peace Agreement: Sources of Fragility and Challenges of Governance. Chapter 7: Post-Nivasha: Challenges of re-building war-produced economy. Part Four: Potential Scenarios: Conclusion. Chapter 8: Conclusion.
Ibrahim Elnur is Associate Professor, and Coordinator of Professional Development Program, in the Political Science Department at American University in Cairo, Egypt. He is also Co-coordinator of the group on Reconstruction of War Torn Communities. He was previously the Director of the Middle East Research Awards (M.E. Awards) at the Population Council Regional Office for MENA Region, Cairo.
'Contested Sudan is an impressive, compelling book that should be taken seriously by the conflict resolution and development communities. Best for university libraries, collections supporting international affairs, African studies, war and peace studies, conflict resolution programs, and larger public library systems. Summing Up: Recommended. General readers, upper-division undergraduate students, graduate students, and research faculty.' -- J. P. Smaldone, Georgetown University, CHOICE, March 2010