Contextual Embeddedness of Women’s Entrepreneurship brings together a range of research that provides powerful insights into the influences and restraints within a diverse set of gendered contexts including social, political, institutional, religious, patriarchal, cultural, family, and economic, in which female entrepreneurs around the world operate their businesses. In doing so, the contributing authors demonstrate not only the importance of studying the contexts in how they shape women’s entrepreneurial activities, but also how female entrepreneurs through their endeavours modify these contexts.
Collectively, the edited collection’s studies make a substantial contribution to the contextual embeddedness of women’s entrepreneurial activity, provide numerous insights, and provoke fruitful directions for future research on the important role of the contexts in which women’s entrepreneurial activities take place.
This innovative and wide-ranging research anthology seeks to reframe and redirect research on gender and entrepreneurship and will appeal to all those interested in learning more about female entrepreneurship.
Table of Contents
About the Editors, About the Contributors, Introduction, Section 1: Religious embeddedness of women entrepreneurship in the Islamic context, Chapter 1. Behind the Green Line: An examination of female entrepreneurial activity in the Muslim world Banu Goktan, Vishal K. Gupta, Gonul Budak, Erik Markin, Chapter 2. If policy (half-heartedly) says ‘yes’, but patriarchy says ‘no’: How the gendered institutional context restricts women entrepreneurship in Pakistan Khizran Zehra and Leona Achtenhagen, Chapter 3. Gendered expectations and ideologies of patriarchy: contextualizing Arab women’s entrepreneurial leadership Hayfaa Tlaiss, Chapter 4. "Pleasing the Father": the impact of the political leader in shaping women entrepreneurship in Oman Hadil Al-Moosa, Chapter 5. Leveraging micro-level support factors to overcome macro-level challenges: Palestinian and Saudi Arabian female entrepreneurs Beverly McNally and Grace Khoury, Chapter 6. Women’s Entrepreneurship in Turkey: Promising Initiatives and Evidence for Success in the Face of Culturally Embedded Barriers Ceyda M.Eyiutsa, Section 2: Gendered embeddedness of Women’s Entrepreneurial activity in the Entrepreneurial Eco System, Chapter 7. Developing Gender-responsive trade ecosystems in the Asia-pacific Patrice Braun, Chapter 8. Gender Embeddedness in Patriarchal Contexts undergoing Institutional Change - Evidence from Nepal Mirella Xheneti and Shova Karki , Chapter 9. Opportunity creation for female entrepreneurs in Welsh and Turkish entrepreneurial ecosystem: A social capital perspective Shandana Sheikh, Aybeniz Akdeniz, Federica Sist, Shumaila Yousafzai, and Saadat Saeed, Chapter 10. Effectuation thinking and the manifestation of socio-cultural complexities in Sri Lankan female entrepreneurs’ business decisions Nadeera Ranabahu and Mary Barrett, Chapter 11. Cultural factors shaping women entrepreneurship in the Baltic Sea countries Ewa Lisowska, Chapter 12. The business life-cycle and entrepreneurial ecosystem study of women entrepreneurs in the Polish tourism industry Alina Zapalska and Erik Wingrove-Haugland, Chapter 13. Women’s Entrepreneurial Realities in the Czech Republic and the United States: Gender Gaps, Racial/Ethnic Disadvantages, and Emancipatory Potential Alena Křížková, Marie Pospíšilová, Nancy Jurik, Gray Cavender , Chapter 14. Women’s entrepreneurship in Swedish forestry – a matter of adaptation or transformation? Marie Appelstrand and Gun Lidestay, Chapter 15. Women’s business survival and institutionalization of entrepreneurial support in the Malaysian handicraft industry Salmah Topimin, Clare Brindley, and Carley Foster , Chapter 16. Developing an understanding of entrepreneurship intertwined with motherhood: A career narrative of British Mumpreneurs Shandana Sheikh, Federica Sist, Aybeniz Akdeniz, and Shumaila Yousafzai, Chapter 17. An interdisciplinary framework to deconstruct second generation gender bias Ethne Swartz and Frances Amatucci, Chapter 18. Entrepreneurial passion and social entrepreneurship self-efficacy among Spanish and Moroccan young females – Juan Diego Borerro, Section 3. Moving Forward, Chapter 19. The Lean Scientific Canvas Method: A Proposed Tool to Reduce the Entrepreneurial Gender Gap in Mexico Verónica Ilián Baños Monroy, José Manuel Saiz-Álvarez, Edgar Rogelio Ramírez Solís, Chapter 20. Gender and Entrepreneurship as an Intertwined Social Practice: Evidence from Italy Silvia Gherardi and Barbara Poggio, Index
Shumaila Yousafzai is Associate Professor at Cardiff University, UK. Her research focuses on the contextual embeddedness of entrepreneurship, institutional theory and entrepreneurial orientation. She has published in various international journals and has co-edited a special issue on Women’s entrepreneurship for Entrepreneurship & Regional Development.
Adam Lindgreen is Professor of Marketing at Copenhagen Business School and Head of the Department of Marketing. He has published in California Management Review, Journal of Business Ethics, Journal of Product and Innovation Management, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, and Journal of World Business.
Saadat Saeed is Associate Professor in Entrepreneurship at the Durham University Business School, Durham University, UK. His past research efforts have included the global study of supportive institutions and women’s entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship in adverse conditions, corporate entrepreneurship and firm performance in multi-county context.
Colette Henry, FRSA, is Head of School of Business & Humanities at Dundalk Institute of Technology, Ireland, and Adjunct Professor of Entrepreneurship at UiT-The Arctic University of Norway. Colette holds the Diana International Trailblazer award for female entrepreneurship, and the Sten K Johnson European Entrepreneurship Education Award.
Alain Fayolle is Professor of entrepreneurship, the founder and director of the entrepreneurship research centre at EM Lyon Business School, France. Alain published thirty-five books and over one hundred and half articles. In 2013, Alain Fayolle got the 2013 European Entrepreneurship Education Award and has been elected Chair of the AOM Entrepreneurship Division for the 2016-2017 academic year. In 2015, he has been awarded Wilford L. White Fellow by ICSB.
"This book breaks new ground by widening the contextual focus of women’s entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship research. From recognition of a 7th century business woman in Mecca to the construction of a gendered scientific Business Model Canvas, the collection of studies will inspire readers to think differently about theory, patriarchy, trade systems, adoption or transformation, and strategies to create inclusive entrepreneurial ecosystems. This is a must read for those who seek to understand the spectrum of gender influences in the context of entrepreneurship." - Professor Barbara Orser, Deloitte Professor in the Management of Growth Enterprises, Telfer School of management, University of Ottawa, Canada.
"This collection of research studies situates women entrepreneurship within a variety of contexts (e.g., social, political, institutional, religious, patriarchal, cultural, family, economic) that demonstrate the innovative and creative ways that individuals are able to act entrepreneurially. By focusing on such a diverse set of situations in which women start and manage different kinds of businesses and organizations, the book provides powerful insights into how specific contexts shape entrepreneurial activity, as well as how these contexts are modified by entrepreneurial action. By studying a multitude of gendered contexts in the entrepreneurial process, the book shows how the field of "women entrepreneurship" provides a more comprehensive understanding of entrepreneurship, in general." - William B. Gartner – Bertarelli Foundation Distinguished Professor of Family Entrepreneurship, Babson College
"We know that women entrepreneurs are indeed a formidable force of economic growth and social change, while we still often question the "how" and "why." The authors in this volume capture the fluid nature of gender differences in the entrepreneurial arena through highly contextualized studies considering such things as history, geography, and religion. By examining institutional power structures and social environments through a variety of methodological approaches, this volume helps us reach beyond the existing research to support the asking of new questions, leading to changes in practice as well as innovative and evidence-based policymaking around the world." - Patti Greene, Babson College, USA
"The editors pulled together a knowledgeable group of international scholars who provide novel insights into women’s entrepreneurship in under-studied cultural, spatial and sectoral contexts. The book’s contributions tease out the more invisible contextual influences on women’s entrepreneurship, shedding new light on their interplay with laws and policies. Definitely a book which I can recommend to all those interested in learning more about female entrepreneurship in very different contexts." - Friederike Welter, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung Bonn (IfM), Bonn, and University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany.