What is the role of cultural heritage in multi-ethnic societies, where cultural memory is often polarized by antagonistic identity traditions? Is it possible for monuments that are generally considered as a symbol of national unity to become emblems of the conflictual histories still undermining divided societies? Taking as a starting point the cosmopolitanism that blossomed across the Mediterranean in the age of empires, this book addresses the issue of heritage exploring the concepts of memory, culture, monuments and their uses, in different case studies ranging from 19th-century Salonica, Port Said, the Palestinian region under Ottoman rule, Trieste and Rijeka under the Hapsburgs, up to the recent post-war reconstructions of Beirut and Sarajevo.
Table of Contents
Foreword: Towards New Developments in Making Urban History
The Multi-Ethnic Heritage of Mediterranean Cities: An Introduction
Marco Folin and Heleni Porfyriou
Part 1: Urban Monuments and Divided Memories from the 19th to 20th Centuries
1. Urban Monuments in Diverse Cities
2. Dividing and Ruling a Mediterranean Port-City: The Many Boundaries Within Late 19th-Century Port Said
3. Middle Eastern Jews and the Urban Ecology of Late Ottoman Palestine
Michal Ben Ya’akov
4. Ottoman Banal Cosmopolitanism: Salonica at the End of Ottoman Rule (1908–1912)
Part 2: Uses of the Past on the Scene of Composite Cities
5. Cosmopolitan Practices: Lives, Mercantilism and Nations in the Growth of Multi-Ethnic Trieste (18th–20th Centuries)
6. The Urban Expansion of Rijeka as a Reflection of the City’s Multi-Ethnic Society in the Late 18th and Early 19th Centuries
7. Remembering Sissi’s Escape: Nostalgia Marketing in the Mediterranean
Part 3: Cultural Heritage in Post-War Scenarios
8. Cosmopolitan Heritage?: Post-War Reconstruction and Urban Imaginaries in Sarajevo and Beirut
9. Symptomatic Architecture: Markings of Presence, Difference, Fear, and Trauma
10. The City [Un]divided: Forms of Urban Organization in Naba’a District - Bourj Hammoud (Beirut)
Marco Folin is Professor of History of Architecture at the University of Genoa.
Heleni Porfyriou is Senior researcher of the National Research Council of Italy.