Copyright, Data and Creativity in the Digital Age
A Journey through Feist
The Supreme Court of the United States in Feist v. Rural (1991) required that databases must have a minimal degree of creativity for copyright. The judgment was highly significant and the subsequent period is understood as the post-Feist era. It has been globally influential. However, the decision is extremely complex and remains unsatisfactorily interpreted. In particular, it has been impossible to illuminate the creativity requirement.
The book gives an account of the decision’s conceptual structure, focusing on its full delineation of the opposite to creativity. In a radical and unprecedented innovation, it is correlated with an automatic computational process. Creativity itself is understood as non-computational or directly human activity concerned with meaning. Determining the presence of creativity is reduced to a four-stage test. This work then has acute practical current relevance to property in data in the digital age; it will also be of theoretical interest to, and is aimed at, researchers in, practitioners, and students of intellectual property worldwide.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction: the Convergence of the Twain
2 Critiques of the decision
3 Creativity in the decision: into the briar patch
4 Creativity utterly lacking: through the Wicket Gate
5 Correlation: the key to Doubting Castle
6 Creativity: out of the labyrinth
7 A minimal degree of creativity
8 Originality: Odysseus
9 Qualities as reading
10 Conclusion: the interaction of the twain
Julian Warner is a faculty member at Queen’s Management School, Queen’s University Belfast.