Coral reefs are an important tourism resource for many coastal and island destinations and generate a range of benefits to their local communities, including as a food source, income from tourism, employment and recreational opportunities. However, coral reefs are under increasing threat from climate change and related impacts such as coral bleaching and ocean acidification. Other anthropogenic stresses include over-fishing, anchor damage, coastal development, agricultural run-off, sedimentation and coral mining.
This book adopts a multidisciplinary approach to review these issues as they relate to the sustainable management of coral reef tourism destinations. It incorporates coral reef science, management, conservation and tourism perspectives and takes a global perspective of coral reef tourism issues covering many of the world’s most significant coral reef destinations. These include the Great Barrier Reef and Ningaloo Reef in Australia, the Red Sea, Pacific Islands, South East Asia, the Maldives, the Caribbean islands, Florida Keys and Brazil. Specific issues addressed include climate change, pollution threats, fishing, island tourism, scuba diving, marine wildlife, governance, sustainability, conservation and community resilience. The book also issues a call for more thoughtful development of coral reef experiences where the ecological needs of coral reefs are placed ahead of the economic desires of the tourism industry.
Table of Contents
1. Coral Reef Systems as a Tourism Resource
Anja Pabel and Bruce Prideaux
PART I: The ecology and governance of coral reefs
2. Coral Reefs: Impacts and Sustainability in the South Pacific Islands
Semisi Taumoepeau and Anja Pabel
3. Coral based tourism in Egypt’s Red Sea
Nathalie Hilmi, Alain Safa, Stéphanie Reynaud and Denis Allemand
4. Australia’s Great Barrier Reef – Protection, Threats, Value and Tourism Use
Bruce Prideaux and Anja Pabel
5. Strategic Caribbean Coral Reef Tourism Management
Dennis J. Gayle and Bernadette E. Warner
PART II: Threats and sustainability issues facing coral reef tourism
6. The potential for coral bleaching to affect long-term destination sustainability
Bruce Prideaux, Anja Pabel, Michelle Thompson and Leonie Cassidy
7. Belize Barrier Reef System – A Threatened Biodiversity Hotspot
8. Coral Reefs of the Florida Keys: The Threats of a Changing Sea
Roberta Atzori and Alan Fyall
9. Whale shark tourism at Ningaloo Reef: Successes, challenges and what’s next?
Sarah Duffy, Roger Layton and Larry Dwyer
PART III: Development and management of coral reef tourism activities
10. Ecotourism and coral reef restoration: Case studies from Thailand and the Maldives
Margaux Y. Hein, Fanny Couture and Chad M. Scott
11. Tourism and fishing in paradise: a case study of the Maldives
12. A narrative approach to understanding recreational dive tourists’ experiences on coral reefs
13. Tourist satisfaction and expenditures in a reef-adjoining dolphin watching industry in Lovina, Bali Indonesia
Putu L Mustika, Riccardo Welters and Naneng Setiasih
14. Tourism development and impacts on reef conservation in Brazil
Fernanda de Vasconcellos Pegas, Guy Castley and Ambrozio Queiroz Neto
15. Impacts of vessel-based day tours on coral reefs: Observations from snorkel tours in Maui, Hawai’i
Brooke A. Porter
Part IV: Indigenous use, the media and the way forward
16. Indigenous coral reef tourism
Henrietta L. Marrie
17. Media in coral reef tourism management – indications from online travel magazines
Anja Pabel and Glen Croy
18. Findings and Research Issues – where to from here?
Bruce Prideaux and Anja Pabel
Bruce Prideaux is Professor of Tourism, School of Business and Law, Central Queensland University, Australia. He is the author or editor of 11 books, 120 research articles and 84 book chapters. His interests include sustainability, climate change, marine and rainforest tourism, and regional tourism development.
Anja Pabel is a Lecturer in Tourism, School of Business and Law, Central Queensland University, Australia. Her research interests are tourist behaviour, marine tourism, tourism sustainability and humour research.
"Coral reefs: tourism, conservation and management provides a wonderful multidisciplinary and global review of the world’s major coral reef tourist destinations and their future prognosis. Over twenty international experts have been brought together from a diverse range of backgrounds and areas of expertise to compile a four-part assessment of the status of coral reef tourism... Overall, I found it provided fascinating insights into the topic that I was not always expecting and subsequently wanted to inquire further about, and for me that what makes a good read. I would therefore happily recommend the text to teachers, students, academics and NGOs." — Anne-Marie Gerlach, Geographical Education, Vol 32, Australia