Corporate Human Rights Violations: Global Prospects for Legal Action (Hardback) book cover

Corporate Human Rights Violations

Global Prospects for Legal Action

By Stefanie Khoury, David Whyte

Routledge

210 pages | 3 B/W Illus.

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Description

This book develops an analysis of the historical, political and legal contexts behind current demands by NGOs and the United Nations Human Rights Council to hold corporations accountable for their human rights violations. Based on an analysis of the range of mechanisms of accountability that currently exist, it argues that that those demands are a response to the failure of neo-liberal policies that have dominated the practice of politics and law since the emergence of this debate in its current form in the 1970s.   

Offering a new approach to understanding how struggles for hegemony are refracted through a range of legal challenges to corporate human rights violations, the book offers a fresh perspective for understanding  how those struggles are played out in the global sphere. In order to analyse the prospects for using human rights law to challenge the right of corporations to author human rights violations, the book explores the development of a range of political initiatives in the UN, the uses of tort law in domestic courts, and the uses of human rights law at the European Court of Human Rights and at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

This book will be essential reading for all those interested in how international institutions and NGOs are both shaping and being shaped by global struggles against corporate power.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Rarefied Politics of Global Legal Struggles

Introduction: Corporate Human Rights Violations

Human Rights and Corporate Accountability

A Mirror Image?

The Rarefied Politics of Global Consent

Global Social Ordering

Counter-hegemony and Resistance?

The Structure of the Book

Chapter One: From Economic Cannibalism to Corporate Human Rights LIabilities

Introduction

Corporations, Human Rights and the UN

Corporations as Bearers of Rights

Corporations as Political Institutions

The Draft Norms

Lobbying the Norms

The NGO Lobby

Conclusion: Untangling the Roots of UN Policy

Chapter Two: Different Shades of Voluntarism

Introduction

The Global Compact: ‘Support Group’ or ‘Good Old Boys Club’?

An American in the Court of King Kofi

The "Continuation of a Business-Friendly Agenda"?

The Guiding Principles

A Fake Consensus

Conclusion

Chapter Three: A Manufactured Consent

Introduction

Evaluating the Role of the OECD Guidelines

Complaints Taken by NGOs

Mutual Agreement?

No Enforcement

Corporate Structural Advantage

Conclusion

Chapter Four: Tort Law and the Struggle Against Corporate Human Rights Violations

Introduction

The Civil Justice System and Corporate Accountability

Alien Tort Claims Act 1789

The Business Lobby Celebrates

European Transnational Tort Cases

Transnational Jurisdiction and the Imperial Court

Transnational Struggle?

Conclusion: Nearly Absolute Non-Accountability

Chapter Five: Struggles for Corporate Accountability in the Human Rights Courts

Introduction

Positive and Negative Obligations

Positive Obligations into the Private Sphere

The Horizontal Effect in the European System

The Horizontal Effect in the Inter-American System

NGOs and the Struggle for Recognition

Struggles for Collective Rights

Conclusion

Chapter Six: ‘Human’ Rights for Profit

Introduction

The Corporate Victim

Corporate Rights in Europe

Corporate Rights at the Inter-American Court

Corporate Law Trumps Human Rights Law

Political Struggles for Corporate Rights

Conclusion: New Mechanisms of Accountability for Corporate Human Rights Violations?

Making Struggles Around Human Rights Visible

Moving Towards a Treaty?

A Peoples’ Tribunal?

About the Authors

Stéfanie Khoury is Research Associate the University of Liverpool, UK. Her research focuses on the lack of accountability of state and corporate violations of human rights.

David Whyte is Professor in Socio-legal Studies at the University of Liverpool, UK, where he specialises in teaching and researching the relationship between corporate power and law.

About the Series

RIPE Series in Global Political Economy

For almost two decades now, the RIPE Series published by Routledge has been an essential forum for cutting-edge scholarship in International Political Economy. The series brings together new and established scholars working in critical, cultural and constructivist political economy. Books in the RIPE Series typically combine an innovative contribution to theoretical debates with rigorous empirical analysis.

The RIPE Series seeks to cultivate:

  • Field-defining theoretical advances in International Political Economy
  • Novel treatments of key issue areas, both historical and contemporary, such as global finance, trade, and production
  • Analyses that explore the political economic dimensions of relatively neglected topics, such as the environment, gender relations, and migration
  • Accessible work that will inspire advanced undergraduates and graduate students in International Political Economy.

James Brassett – Warwick

Eleni Tsingou – Copenhagen Business School

Susanne Soederberg – Queen’s

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL000000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / General