This book is the first conceptual and comparative empirical work on the relation between corporatism and dictatorships, bringing both fields under a joint conceptual umbrella. It operationalizes the concepts of social and political corporatism, diffusion and critical junctures and their particular application to the study of Fascist-Era dictatorships. The book’s carefully constructed balance between theory and case studies offers an important contribution to the study of dictatorships and corporatism.
Through the development of specific indicators in ‘critical junctures’ of regime change and institutionalization, as well as qualitative data based on different sources such as party manifestos, constitutions and constitutional reforms, expert commissions and the legislation that introduces corporatism, this book traces transnational sources of inspiration in different national contexts.
By bringing together a number of both established and new voices from across the field, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of fascism, dictatorship and modern European politics.
Table of Contents
1 Corporatism and ‘organic representation’ in European dictatorships
[Antonio Costa Pinto]
2 Corporatism and Political Catholicism: The Impact of Catholic Corporatism in Inter-war Europe
3 The fascist Labour Charter and its transnational spread
4 The Rise and Fall of Corporatist constitutionalism: A sociological thesis
5 Rethinking Italian corporatism: Crossing borders between corporatist projects in late liberal era and the Fascist corporatist state
6 Inter-war Germany and the Corporatist wave, 1918–1939
7 ‘Corporatist State’ and enhanced authoritarian dictatorship: The Austria of Dollfuss and Schuschnigg (1933–1938)
8 The Corporatist Chamber of the "New State" in Portugal: Organized Interests and Public Policy
[José Luís Cardoso and Nuno Estevão Ferreira]
9 Corporatism and Franco’s Spain
[Glicerio Sanchez Recio]
10 Corporatism in Vichy France
11 Inter-war Yugoslavia viewed through corporatist glasses
12 Authoritarianism and corporatism in the Baltic States: The case of Estonia during the 1930s
13 "Ideas in flux…": the ‘4th of August’ dictatorship in Greece as a political departure in search of destination
Conclusion: The "corporatist moment" in Interwar Europe
Antonio Costa Pinto is Professor of Contemporary European History and Politics at the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon, Portugal.