Fueled by corruption, fraud, and organized crime, the shadow economy—also known as the informal, black market, illegal, or underground economy—is currently on the rise worldwide. Corruption, Fraud, Organized Crime, and the Shadow Economy addresses shadow economies and the players involved by examining various aspects of criminal law and prosecution.
This book gathers the insights of several world-renowned professionals and academics in order to portray the links between organized crime, the shadow economy, and corruption. It discusses how to address these issues as they relate to crime, criminal law, and prosecution of the players involved.
The constant misconception by policy makers of the relationships between organized crime, corruption, and the shadow economy fuels the present status quo of economic inequality, increases the risks of future economic crises, victimizes people, and even damages the environment. This book takes a critical, multinational, multidisciplinary, common-sense approach to complex and globalized problems of conventional and unconventional deviance through the shadow economy.
The contributors identify key critical areas in specific countries from which they originate, adding an insider’s perspective to their analyses. With these insights and the use of illustrative case studies, they highlight best practices as well as mistakes to avoid in encountering the obstacles that lie ahead in combating the shadow economy.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Relationship of the Informal Economy to Corruption, Fraud, and Organized Crime. Informal Economy and Organized Crime. Financial Flows of Organized Crime and Tax Fraud in Developed Countries: An Empirical Investigation. Organized Crime and the Mafia between Violence and Informal Economy. Informal Economy: Connection to Organized Crime, White Collar Crime, and Corruption. Insurance Industry and Informal Economy. Role of Lawyers as Defenders of White Collar Criminals. Falsified Prospect Theory in the Context of Corruption and Foreign Direct Investment. Construction "Mafia"?: Social Fraud and Organized Crime—The Austrian Perspective. Organized Crime and Informal Economy: The Austrian Perspective. Symbiosis of Politics, the Shadow Economy, Corruption, and Organized Crime in the Territory of the Western Balkans: The Case of the Republic of Serbia. The Relationship of the Shadow Economy and Corruption in China. A Change in Activities of Japanese Organized Criminal Gangs: From Conventional Illegal Activities to Erosion to a Legal Economy. Analysis Regarding the Roma Community from Romania. Hells Angels in the Shadow Economy. Discourse on Gray Economy, Corruption, and the Organized Crime in Slovenia. The Informal Economy in the United States: Size, Determinants, and Comparisons. Human Factors and Compliance: Depth-Psychological Perspective on White and Blue Collar Crimes. Conclusion and Future Perspectives.
Maximilian Edelbacher graduated from Vienna University (Mag. Jur.) and was Hofrat (Councilor) of the Federal Police of Austria. He served as the chief of the Major Crime Bureau and as an international expert for the Council of Europe, OSCE, and UNO. He also chaired the Austrian Antifraud Insurance Bureau and lectured at several universities, including the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Danube University in Krems, and the Vienna University Department of Sociology. Edelbacher was appointed a special investigator of the AVUS Group on white-collar crime cases, as vice-president of the Vienna Liaison Office, of the Academic Council on the United Nations, and as a director of the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES). He is the author of a number of books and journal articles.
Peter C. Kratcoski, PhD, is a professor emeritus and adjunct professor at Kent State University. He earned his PhD in sociology from Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He taught at the College of St. Thomas, St. Paul, Minnesota and at Pennsylvania State University before assuming the position of assistant professor of sociology at Kent State University in 1969. He retired as professor of criminal justice studies and chairman of the Department of Criminal Justice Studies at Kent State University in 1997. He has published many books, book chapters, and journal articles on juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, international policing, and crime prevention. He is a member of the International Police Executive Symposium, the Society for Police and Criminal Psychology, and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.
Bojan Dobovšek is a member of the Slovenian parliament and a full professor on the faculty of criminal justice and security at the University of Maribor, Slovenia. He earned his PhD in criminology from the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. He is the author of a book on organized crime and terr