Corruption and Informal Practices in the Middle East and North Africa: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Corruption and Informal Practices in the Middle East and North Africa

1st Edition

Edited by Ina Kubbe, Aiysha Varraich


264 pages | 17 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367422264
pub: 2019-12-20
Available for pre-order. Item will ship after 20th December 2019

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This book investigates the pervasive problem of corruption across the Middle East and North Africa. Drawing on the specifics of the local context, the book explores how corruption in the region is actuated through informal practices that coexist and work in parallel to formal institutions.

When informal practices become vehicles for corruption, they can have negative ripple effects across many aspects of society, but on the other hand, informal practices could also have the potential to be leveraged to reinforce formal institutions to help fight corruption. Drawing on a range of cases including Morocco, Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Tunisia or Israel the book first explores the mechanisms and dynamics of corruption and informal practices in the region, before looking at the successes and failures of anti-corruption initiatives. The final section focuses on gender perspectives on corruption, which are often overlooked in corruption literature, and the role of women in the Middle East.

With insights drawn from a range of disciplines, this book will be of interest to researchers and students across political science, philosophy, socio-legal studies, public administration, and Middle Eastern studies, as well as to policy makers and practitioners working in the region.

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

List of Contributors



Ina Kubbe and Aiysha Varraich

Part 1: Conceptualising the Mechanisms and Dynamics of Corruption and Informal Practices in the MENA region

  1. Dispersing the Fog: A Philosophical Analysis of Institutional Corruption Applied to the MENA-Region
  2. Gizem Kaya and Georgy Kopshteyn

  3. Hamulas and Structural Corruption in The Middle East
  4. Mohammd Khlaile and Doron Navot

  5. Assessing the Impact of Sectarian Patronage in Lebanon
  6. Patty Zakaria

  7. Does Wasta Undermine Support for Democracy? Corruption, Clientelism and Attitudes toward Political Regimes
  8. Lindsay J. Benstead, Lonna Rae Atkenson and Muhammad Adnan Shahid

    Part 2: Success and Failures of Anti-corruption Initiatives

  9. Sweeping under the Rug: The Limitations and Failures of the Formal Fight Against Corruption in Morocco
  10. Ángela Suárez-Collado and Sergio García-Rendón

  11. Old Wine in New Bottles? Corruption and Neo-patrimonial Statehood in Turkey
  12. Digdem Soyaltin Collela

  13. "Corruption Eruption"? The Israeli Case
  14. Doron Navot and Ina Kubbe

    Part 3: The Way Forward – Empowering women as a Tool to reduce corruption

  15. Is Poor Performance in Gender Equality Linked to Higher Corruption in the Middle East?
  16. Amy Alexander

  17. Women, Corruption and Wasta in Jordan – A Case Study in Female Elected Representatives
  18. David Jackson, Sarah A. Tobin and Jennifer Eggert

  19. Between Leadership and Kinship: Women Empowerment in the GCC Countries
  20. Rahma Abdulkadir and Henriette Müller

  21. Support of Gender Quotas and Perceived Corruption in Developing Democracies: Evidence from Lebanon

Marwa Shalaby

Conclusion and Future Prospects

Ina Kubbe and Aiysha Varraich


About the Editors

Ina Kubbe, Post-Doctoral Researcher, The School of Political Science, Government and International Affairs, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Aiysha Varraich, PhD Candidate, Quality of Government Institute, Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

About the Series

Routledge Corruption and Anti-Corruption Studies

The series features innovative and original research on the subject of corruption from scholars around the world. As well as documenting and analyzing corruption, the series aims to discuss anti-corruption initiatives and endeavors, in an attempt to demonstrate ways forward for countries and institutions where the problem is widespread. The series particularly promotes comparative and interdisciplinary research targeted at a global readership.

In terms of theory and method, rather than basing itself on any one orthodoxy, the series draws broadly on the tool kit of the social sciences in general, emphasizing comparison, the analysis of the structure and processes, and the application of qualitative and quantitative methods.

The series welcomes submissions from established and junior authors on cutting-edge and high-level research on key topics that feature in global news and public debate. To submit book proposals, please contact the Editor, Helena Hurd (

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / Middle Eastern
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Corruption & Misconduct
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Developing Countries