Cosmetics are the most widely applied products to the skin and include creams, lotions, gels and sprays. Their formulation, design and manufacturing ranges from large cosmetic houses to small private companies. This book covers the current science in the formulations of cosmetics applied to the skin. It includes basic formulation, skin science, advanced formulation, and cosmetic product development, including both descriptive and mechanistic content with an emphasis on practical aspects.
Table of Contents
1. Cosmetic Products: Science and Senses. 2. Skin Morphology, Development and Physiology. 3. Stratum Corneum Lipid Composition and Organization. 4. Immunology of Skin and Reactivity. 5. The Human Nail: Structure, Properties, Therapy and Grooming. 6. Hair Morphology, Biogenesis, Heterogeneity, Pathophysiology and Hair Follicle Penetration. 7. Common Cosmetic Ingredients: Chemistry, Actions, Safety and Products. 8. Thickening Agents. 9. Surfactants in Cosmetic Products. 10. Oils. 11. Moisturizers. 12. Preservation and Preservatives. 13. Powders in Cosmetic Formulations. 14. Natural Products and Stem Cells and Their Commercial Aspects in Cosmetics. 15. Designed Antimicrobial Peptides. 16. Understanding Fragrance: From Chemistry to Emotion. 17. Sunscreens. 18. Advance Formulation Techniques Including Innovative Materials. 19. Advanced Nanoformulation Technologies in Cosmetic Science. 20. Nanocarrier-Based Formulations: Production and Cosmeceutic Applications. 21. From Formulation Design to Production: The Scale-Up Process. 22. Topical Products Applied to the Nail. 23. Packaging of Cosmetic and Personal Care Products. 24. Sensory Analysis Applied to Cosmetic Products. 25. Alternative Methods: New Rules. 26. In Vitro Methods: Alternatives to Animal Testing.
Heather A.E. Benson is an Associate Professor at Curtin University, Perth, Australia, where she leads the Drug Delivery Research Group. She has extensive experience in drug delivery, with a particular focus in transdermal and topical delivery.
Michael S. Roberts is an Australian National Health & Medical Research Council Senior Principal Research Fellow, and an international expert in skin science. He is Associate Editor for Skin Pharmacology and Physiology and a member of the Editorial Board for many journals, including the International Journal of Cosmetic Science.
Vânia R. Leite-Silva graduated in pharmacy and biochemistry with master’s and doctorate degrees in pharmaceutical production and control from the University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil. She has more than 20 years' experience in the industry, with an emphasis on the research and development of cosmetics.
Kenneth A. Walters obtained his PhD in 1979 from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. Walters has been a Charter Member of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists since its inauguration in 1986 and is also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology.