Annual cotton production exceeds 25 million metric tons and accounts for more than 40 percent of the textile fiber consumed worldwide. A key textile fiber for over 5000 years, this complex carbohydrate is also one of the leading crops to benefit from genetic engineering. Cotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology offers a modern examination of cotton chemistry and physics, classification, production, and applications. The book incorporates new insight, technological developments, and other considerations. The book focuses on providing the most up-to-date information on cotton fiber chemistry and properties. Written by leading authorities in cotton chemistry and science, the book details fiber biosynthesis, structure, chemical composition and reactions, physical properties and includes information on biotech, organic, and colored cotton. The final chapters examine worldwide production, consumption, markets, and trends in the cotton industry. They also address environmental, workplace, and consumer risks from exposure to processing chemicals and emissions. Tracing the conversion of cotton fibers from raw materials into marketable products, Cotton Fiber Chemistry and Technology offers a complete overview of the science, technology, and economic factors that impact cotton production and applications today.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF COTTON BIOSYNTHESIS OF COTTON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COTTON SOLVENTS FOR COTTON STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF COTTON Structure Overview Cellulose Molecule-Constitution and Molecular Weight Distributions Three-Dimensional Structures of Cellulose Molecules, Crystallites, and Fibers Crystal and Microfibrillar Structure by Chemical Methods CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF COTTON Swelling Etherification Esterification Degradation Weather Resistance Enzymatic Modification Corona Dyeing PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COTTON Maturity and Fineness Tensile Strength Elongation, Elasticity, Stiffness, Resilience, Toughness, and Rigidity Electrical Properties Advanced Fiber Information System COTTON FIBER CLASSIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION U.S. Classification System Classification Systems of Some Countries Other Than the United States Impact and Future of HVI Systems PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION, MARKETS, AND APPLICATIONS Production, Consumption, and Markets Applications Future Trends ENVIRONMENTAL, WORKPLACE, AND CONSUMER CONSIDERATIONS Environment Workplace Consumer References