Cotton Fibers : Developmental Biology, Quality Improvement, and Textile Processing book cover
1st Edition

Cotton Fibers
Developmental Biology, Quality Improvement, and Textile Processing

Edited By

Amarjit Basra

ISBN 9781560228981
Published June 22, 2000 by CRC Press
402 Pages

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Book Description

Explore new and proven information about cotton fibers!

Cotton Fibers is an important reference source for anyone who produces, markets, and researches cotton fibers. This unique book is written by internationally renowned researchers who have pooled their immense knowledge to create this outstanding volume that deals with development, quality improvement, and textile/technological aspects of cotton production.

Cotton, a worldwide crop that is valued at $20 billion, is the premiere natural fiber for textiles. As cotton fiber consumption continues to increase, the crop is becoming a major importance to the economies of both developed and developing countries. Cotton Fibers covers the recent explosion of information on cotton fibers and points out research priorities for the future, consequently stimulating multidisciplinary cotton research.

Cotton Fibers provides you with information on topics that will help you improve the quantity and quality of cotton crops, such as:

  • developing cotton fibers in vitro
  • developing cellulose biosynthesis in cotton fibers
  • modifying cotton fibers with genetic engineering strategies
  • managing postharvest fiber quality
  • abating air pollution and disposal of gin waste
  • fiber-to-fabric engineering for optimal cotton fiber quality
  • structural development of cotton fibers and linkages to fiber quality
  • cotton germplasam resources and their potential for improved fiber productivity and quality
  • molecular genetics of developing cotton fibers

    Complete with charts and diagrams, Cotton Fibers is a thorough exploration of what is known about cotton fibers and what research is just beginning to reveal about the crop. You will explore some of the latest technological advances in cotton fiber production, such as understanding the genetics of fiber growth and development and introducing hormone genes into cotton. This comprehensive guide is a vital tool for anyone interested in increasing the yield and quality of cotton, the world's most popular fiber.

Table of Contents


  • About the Editor
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Cotton Fiber Initiation and Histodifferentiation
  • Introduction
  • Fiber Initiation
  • Fiber Elongation and the Transition to Secondary Wall Formation
  • Secondary Wall Formation
  • The Cytoskeleton of Differentiating Fibers
  • The Cuticle of Cotton Fibers and the Gaseous Components Inside Cotton Bolls
  • Naturally Colored Cotton Fibers
  • The Base of Cotton Fiber
  • Fixation of Fibers for Ultrastructural and Immunolocalization Studies (Appendix)
  • Conclusion and Perspectives
  • Chapter 2. Growth Regulation of Cotton Fibers
  • Introduction
  • Fiber Growth
  • Chapter 3. Cotton Fibers in Vitro
  • Introduction
  • Ovule Culture Methods
  • Media Consituents
  • Methods of Fiber Measurement
  • Hormonal Control of Growth
  • Fiber and Fuzz Mutants
  • Donor Plant Status
  • Perturbations in the Time Line of Fiber Development
  • Cotton Cell Suspensions As Models of Fiber Development
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 4. Cellulose Biosynthesis in Developing Cotton Fibers
  • Patterns of Cellulose Synthesis in Vivo During Fiber Development
  • Tracing the Path of Carbon into Cellulose in Vivo
  • Studies on Cellulose Synthesis in Vitro
  • The CelA Genes of Cotton
  • Regulation of the Onset of Secondary Wall Formation
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. Non-Cellulosic Carbohydrates in Cotton Fibers
  • Introduction
  • Non-Cellulosic Polysaccharides
  • Low Molecular Weight Carbohydrates in Cotton Fibers
  • Other Low Molecular Weight Compounds of Interest
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. Structural Development of Cotton Fibers and Linkages to Fiber Quality
  • Chemical Composition
  • Macrostructure
  • Fiber Quality
  • Strength
  • Twist or Convolution
  • Crystalline Structure
  • Strength and Crystalline Structure Relationship
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Cotton Germplasm Resources and the Potential for Improved Fiber Productivity and Quality
  • Introduction
  • Fiber Productivity
  • Fiber Quality
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Genetic Variation in Fiber Quality
  • Introduction
  • Genetic Variation in Fiber Quality
  • Measures of Fiber Length
  • Measures of Fiber Strength
  • Fiber Enlongation
  • Measures of Fineness/Maturity
  • Wax Content
  • Genetic Associations Among Fiber Quality Traits
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Molecular Genetics of Developing Cotton Fibers
  • Cotton Fiber Development
  • Regulation of Gene Expression in Developing Cotton Fibers
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Genetic Engineering Strategies for Cotton Fiber Modification
  • Introduction
  • Gene Transfer into Cotton
  • Genetic Strategies for Fiber Modification
  • Manipulating Hormone Levels in Developing Fibers
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Post Harvest Management of Fiber Quality
  • Overview of Cotton Ginning
  • Effects of Gin Machinery on Cotton Quality
  • Seed Cotton Storage and Handling
  • Seed Cotton Unloading Systems
  • Moisture Control
  • Seed Cotton Cleaning and Extracting
  • Gin Stands
  • Lint Cleaning
  • Packaging Lint Cotton
  • Pneumatic and Mechanical Handling Systems
  • Abatement of Air Pollution and Disposal of Gin Waste
  • Cottonseed Handling and Storage
  • Ginning Recommendations for Processing Machine-Stripped Cotton
  • Roller Ginning
  • The Classification of Cotton
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 12. Fiber-to-Fabric Engineering: Optimization of Cotton Fiber Quality
  • Introduction
  • Determining the Technological Value of Cotton
  • Cotton Fiber Selection for Blending
  • Control of Output Characteristics
  • Bale-Picking Schemes
  • Applications: Case Study
  • Closing Remarks
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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