At the end of the 1970s, Chinese merchandise moved to Brazil via Paraguay, forming an on-the-margins-of-the-law trade chain involving the production, distribution, and consumption of cheap goods. Economic changes in the twenty-first century, including the enforcement of intellectual property rights and the growing importance of emerging economies, have had a dramatic effect on how this chain works, criminalizing and dismantling a trade system that had previously functioned in an organized form and stimulated the circulation of goods, money, and people at transnational levels.
This book analyses how exchange networks that produced, distributed, and sold cheap manufactured products animated a huge and vibrant system from China to Brazil, examining the process at global, national, and local levels. From a global perspective, intellectual property is a powerful discourse that governs the world system by framing the notion of piracy as a criminal activity. But at the national level, how do nation-states resist and/or endorse, interpret, and apply a global perspective? And what effect does that have on how ordinary people organize their lives around this system? Interweaving discourse on transnational traders and producers, national projects, and international institutions, Counterfeit Itineraries in the Global South presents low-income traders not as passive victims of globalization, but as active actors in the distribution of cheap goods across borders in the Global South.
Based on fifteen years of ethnographic field work in China and Brazil, Counterfeit Itineraries in the Global South will be of interest to scholars of economic anthropology, development studies, political economy, Latin America studies, Chinese studies, and socio-legal studies.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Introduction
1. A Global Chain Before TRIPS and BRICS
Part 2: South America
2. Stone Years: Informal and Moral Regimes
3. Cleaning Goods and Selves: Local Belonging, International Displacement and Global Enforcement
4. The Chinese Diaspora on the Brazil-Paraguay Border: A Migratory Process in Transformation
Part 3: China
5. Celebrating the New China: Elites and Their Commodified Guanxi Networks
6. The Human Cost of the China Price
7. The Red Flag™: Intellectual Property, Copies and Enforcement in China
Part 4: Conclusion
8. A Global Chain After TRIPS and BRICS
Rosana Pinheiro-Machado is a social scientist and anthropologist in the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford, UK, a Fellow of the British Higher Education Academy, and a columnist of Brazilian magazine CartaCapital. Previously, she has held visiting positions at Harvard University, USA, and University College London, UK.