Not since the 19th century has the future of the countryside been such a focus of political and public attention, nor of profound uncertainty and anguished debate. A watershed has now been reached, and in this time of unprecedented change, new tools are needed for planning and managing the countryside. Increasingly the 'drivers' of countryside management and conservation are European and international. They aim to provide comprehensive new frameworks for the whole countryside, and encourage community-driven planning and protection. There have been numerous responses at the country and local levels within the UK. In this book, a broad range of scholars and practitioners review the international drivers affecting countryside policy and practice, and - through a variety of case studies - they assess the value of country and local responses. The result is a powerful and coherent volume that provides a fully up-to-date review and analysis of the pressures on the countryside, the policies for the future and the keys to successful implementation. Countryside Planning is essential reading for planners, local authorities and rural organizations, conservationists and environmental groups, as well as academics and students in planning, rural studies, environmental studies and geography.
Then and Now: Planning for Countryside Conservation * Part 1: the International Context for Countryside Planning and Management - From Sandy to Rio: the Development of Biodiversity Action Planning * European Frameworks for Nature Conservation: The Case of the Birds and Habitats Directives * Our Landscape from a Wider Perspective * Policy Context for Community Involvement in Countryside Planning * Part 2: New Concepts and Tools - The Natural Area Experience * The Assessment of Countryside and Landscape Character in England: An Overview * Policies and Priorities for Ireland's Landscapes * Development and Application of Landscape Assessment Guidelines in Ireland: Case Studies using Forestry and Wind Farm Developments * Historic Landscape Characterization * Connecting the Pieces: Scotland's Integrated Approach to the Natural Heritage * LANDMAP: A Tool to Aid Sustainable Development * Part 3: From Theory to Practice - Applications of Landscape Character Assessment * The Link Between Landscape, Biodiversity and Development Plans: A Move Towards 'Positive Planning'? * A New Way of Valuing Land in the Countryside: Are We Lost Without a Map? * Community Involvement in Countryside Planning in Practice * Index