Creating Freshwater Wetlands, Second Edition clearly demonstrates the step-by-step processes required to restore or create freshwater wetlands. It presents practical advice on choosing sites, getting help, attracting and stocking wildlife, selecting plants, and wetland operation and maintenance. This is an excellent book on one of the most fascinating ecosystems on the planet.
Table of Contents
Marshes, Bogs, Swamps, Sloughs, Fens, Tules, and Bayous Introduction Wetland Definitions Wetland Classification Functions of Natural Wetlands Summary Wetland Regulation Introduction "The Comprehensive Wetlands Conservation and Management Act of 1995" Wetland Categorization Mitigation Three Important Components - Water, Soil, and Vegetation Introduction Hydrology Soils Vegetation Nature's Methods for Creating and Maintaining Wetlands Large Scale: Geologic Small-Scale Factor Maintenance Wetlands: Functions and Values Introduction Life Support Functional Values Water Purification Hydrologic Modification Erosion Protection Open Space and Aesthetics Cultural Resources Recreation and Education Bio-geo-chemical Cycling Defining Your Objectives Creation or Restoration? Objectives Wetlands Functions and Objectives Determining Functional Values Advice and Assistance The Team Approach Technical Assistance Financial Assistance Summary Site Selection and Evaluation Introduction General Considerations Specific Considerations Project Planning Design Selection Specific Designs Major Structures Dikes, Dams, and Berms Water Control Structures Estimating Capacity Structure Comparisons Emergency Spillways Plans and Construction Preparation of Plans Preparation for Construction Construction Plant Selection Introduction Hydrology Substrate Species Characteristics Sources of Plant Materials Summary Planting Vegetation Introduction Natural Methods Planting Vegetation Summary Attracting and Stocking Wildlife Constructed Wetlands-Special Considerations Introduction Design Construction Operation Monitoring A Case History Summary and Comments Operation and Maintenance Introduction First Year Second Year Subsequent Years Bogs and Fens Forested Wetlands Other Considerations Mosquitos System Perturbations Routine Maintenance Monitoring Wetland Restoration and Creation Appendix A. References Appendix B. Common and Scientific Names Appendix C. Sources of Supply Appendix D. Wetland Training Appendix E. Wetland Newsletters and Journals Index
Hammer, Donald A.