Creating Sustainable Bioeconomies: The bioscience revolution in Europe and Africa (Hardback) book cover

Creating Sustainable Bioeconomies

The bioscience revolution in Europe and Africa

Edited by Ivar Virgin, E. Jane Morris

© 2017 – Routledge

276 pages | 12 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138818538
pub: 2016-08-23
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Description

The growing global demand for food, feed and bio-based renewable material is changing the conditions for agricultural production worldwide. At the same time, revolutionary achievements in the field of biosciences are contributing to a transition whereby bio-based alternatives for energy and materials are becoming more competitive.

Creating Sustainable Bioeconomies explores the prospects for biosciences and how its innovation has the potential to help countries in the North (Europe) and the South (Africa) to move towards resource efficient agriculture and sustainable bioeconomies. Throughout the book, the situations of Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa will be compared and contrasted, and opportunities for mutual learning and collaboration are explored. The chapters have been written by high profile authors and deal with a wide range of issues affecting the development of bioeconomies on both continents. This book compares and contrasts the situations of these two regions as they endeavour to develop knowledge based bioeconomies.

This volume is suitable for those who are interested in ecological economics, development economics and environmental economics. It also provides action plans assisting policy-makers in both areas to support the transition to knowledge based and sustainable bioeconomies.

Table of Contents

Section 1. Introduction: Why this book?

Foreword.

Joachim von Braun, Chair of the German Government’s Bioeconomy Council.

Chapter 1. Background and overview of the book,

E Jane Morris, University of Leeds, UK

Ivar Virgin, Stockholm Environment Institute

Chapter 2. Benefits and challenges of a new knowledge based bioeconomy

Ivar Virgin, Matthew Fielding, Melinda Fones Sundell, Holger Hoff and Jakob Granit Stockholm Environment Institute.

Chapter 3. The gene revolution: What can and can’t be done with modern biosciences?

E. Jane Morris, University of Leeds, UK.

Section 2-Towards sustainable food security

Chapter 4. The European Perspective. The case for a highly productive and innovative agriculture in Europe

Harald von Witzke, Humboldt University of Berlin

Steffen Noleppa, Humboldt Forum for Food and Agriculture

Chapter 5. The African Perspective. New biosciences making African agriculture more productive and resilient

Jennifer A. Thomson, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Chapter 6. Europe and Africa: Addressing the food security challenges

Philipp Aerni, Isabelle Schluep Campo, University of Zurich

Ruth K. Oniang’o, African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development

Section 3- Towards resource efficient economies Broadening the base of agriculture.

Chapter 7. The European Perspective. Potential of crop biosciences to support resource-use efficiency, climate change mitigation and adaptation in European agriculture

Olle Olsson1, Torbjörn Fagerström2, Jens Sundström2, Thomas Kätterer2 and Ivar Virgin1. 1Stockholm Environment Institute. 2Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.

Chapter 8. The European Perspective. A renewable resource base for the European Chemical industry: Getting to a European bioeconomy.

Sten Stymne, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Chapter 9. The African Perspective. Using the new biosciences to support the African development agenda

E Jane Morris, University of Leeds, UK

Corinda Erasmus, STEPS Science Training, South Africa

Martha M O’Kennedy, CSIR, South Africa

Chapter 10. The African Perspective. Developing an African bio-resource based industry: the case for Cassava

Yona Baguma, Ephraim Nuwamanya, NARO, Uganda

Chrissie Rey, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Chapter 11. Europe and Africa: Biofuels for sustainable energy and mobility in the EU and Africa

Francis X. Johnson, SEI and Yacob Mulugetta, University College London

Section 4. Broadening the bioscience innovation agenda

Chapter 12. The potential of biosciences for agricultural improvement in Africa and Europe: looking forward to 2050

Denis J Murphy, University of South Wales, UK

Chapter 13. The Need for International Bioscience Collaboration and a Shared Agenda

John Komen, bioscience policy advisor, The Netherlands

Julius Ecuru, Uganda National Council for Science and Technology, Uganda

Chapter 14. The social and economic challenges for a bioeconomy

Richard Smart, Technische Universität München, Germany

Justus Wesseler, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

Chapter 15. Two decades of European-African bioscience collaboration. From Bio-EARN to Bio-Innovate

Ivar Virgin, SEI and Allan Liavoga, ILRI BioInnovate coordinator.

Section 5. Transitions to a modern bioeconomy: Analysis of policies

Chapter 16. European strategies and policies getting towards a bioeconomy

Dirk Carrez, Clever Consult, Belgium.

Chapter 17. Getting towards an African bioeconomy

Julius Ecuru, , Uganda National Council for Science and Technology

Chapter 18. Intellectual Property challenges for a bioeconomy.

Rosemary Wolson, CSIR, South Africa

Chapter 19. Europe and Africa: How European policies influence bioscience adoption in Africa

John Komen, Bioscience policy advisor, The Netherlands

Section 6. Way forward-progressing towards European and African bioeconomies

Chapter 20. Conclusions and key messages

Ivar Virgin, Stockholm Environment Institute

E Jane Morris, University of Leeds, UK

About the Editors

Ivar Virgin is a researcher at the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden. For the past 20 years at SEI he has done extensive research, managed numerous projects and published extensively in the field of bioscience innovation. A focus of his work has been capacity building and institutional building in third world countries, particularly Africa.

E. Jane Morris is an independent Life Sciences consultant who has spent most of her working life in Africa. She is now based in the UK and has a Visiting Fellowship in the School of Biology at Leeds University. She has expertise that includes bioscience and biotechnology, GMO biosafety and regulatory issues and strategy planning.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Ecological Economics

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS000000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / General