Crime, Inequality and the State
Why has crime dropped while imprisonment grows? This well-edited volume of ground-breaking articles explores criminal justice policy in light of recent research on changing patterns of crime and criminal careers.
Highlighting the role of conservative social and political theory in giving rise to criminal justice policies, this innovative book focuses on such policies as ‘three strikes (two in the UK) and you’re out’, mandatory sentencing and widespread incarceration of drug offenders. It highlights the costs - in both money and opportunity - of increased prison expansion and explores factors such as:
- labour market dynamics
- the rise of a ‘prison industry’
- the boost prisons provide to economies of underdeveloped regions
- the spreading political disenfranchisement of the disadvantaged it has produced.
Throughout this book, hard facts and figures are accompanied by the faces and voices of the individuals and families whose lives hang in the balance. This volume, an essential resource for students, policy makers and researchers of criminology, criminal justice, social policy and criminal law, uses a compelling inter-play of theoretical works and powerful empirical research to present vivid portraits of individual life experiences.
Introduction: Cultural Landscapes of Crime and the ‘Micro-Death’ of the Material Mary E. Vogel I. BRINGING INEQUALITY BACK IN TO CRIME, LAW AND AUTHORITY Crime and Policy Steven R. Donziger Crime and Punishment in American History Lawrence M. Friedman Governing Amid Diversity: the Effect of Fair Decision-making Procedures on the Legitimacy of Government Tom R. Tyler Kickin’ Reality, Kickin’ Ballistics: “Gangsta Rap” and Post-Industrial Los Angeles Robin D. G. Kelley Civic Disengagement in Contemporary America Robert Putnam II. CRIME, VIOLENCE AND EXPANDING IMPRISONMENT The Recent Rise and Fall of American Violence Alfred Blumstein and Joel Wallman Crime is Not the Problem: Lethal Violence in America Franklin E. Zimring and Gordon Hawkins With Liberty for Some Scott Christianson The Limited Importance of Prison Expansion William Spelman Crime Control, American Style: From Social Welfare to Social Control Bruce Western and Kathryn Beckett The New Penology: Notes on the Emerging Strategy of Corrections and its Implications Jonathan Simon and Malcolm S. Feeley Democratic Reversal? Felon Disfranchisment and American Democracy Christopher Uggen III. CRIMINAL CAREERS All God’s Children: the Bosket Family and the American Tradition of Violence Fox Butterfield Human Development and Criminal Careers David Farrington Shame: The Emotions and Morality of Violence James D. Gilligan Turning Points in the Life Course: Why Change Matters to the Study of Crime Robert J. Sampson and John Laub State-Raised Convict Jack Henry Abbott IV. SOCIAL AND SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF COMMUNITY Environmental Criminology Anthony Bottoms and Paul Wiles Foundation for a General Strain Theory of Crime and Delinquency Robert Agnew Toward a Theory of Race, Crime and Urban Inequality Robert J. Sampson and William J. Wilson Economic Deprivation and Neighborhood Crime Rates, 1960 - 1980 Robert J. Bursik, Jr. and Harold G. Grasmick Social Action Elliott Currie Life in the Gang: Family, Friends and Violence Scott H. Decker and Barrik Van Winkle The Political Economy of Crime Ian Taylor V. RACE, CLASS AND GENDER IN A DEINDUSTRIALIZING SOCIETY How To Be a Negro Without Really Trying Piri Thomas Racism, Ethnicity, Crime and Criminal Justice Ben Bowling and Coretta Phillips The Code of the Streets Elijah Anderson Overcoming the Crisis in Critical Criminology: Toward a Grounded Labelling Theory Dario Melossi Feminism and Criminology Loraine Gelsthorpe Masculinities and Crimes Tony Jefferson VI. SENTENCING DISCRETION AND INEQUALITY UNDER THE COMMON LAW Mandatory Penalties Michael Tonry Homicide and the Death Penalty: A Cross-National Test of a Deterrence Hypothesis Dane Archer and Rosemary Gartner Developments – Race and the Criminal Process Harvard Law Review The Rehnquist Revolution in Criminal Procedure Charles J. Ogletree, Jr. Structural Variations in Juvenile Court Processing: Inequality, the Underclass, and Social Control Robert J. Sampson and John Laub Plea Bargaining, Discretionary Leniency and Social Capital Mary E. Vogel VII. AUTOCOLONIALISM: GOVERNING THROUGH COERCION OR CONSENT?Governing Through Crime Jonathan Simon Law, Legitimation and the Advanced Capitalist State: the Jurisprudence and Social Theory of Jurgen Habermas Colin Sumner Postscript (1994) Jurgen Habermas Law, Government and Governmentality Gary Wickham and Alan Hunt VIII. PATHS HOLDING PROMISE Prevention Elliott Currie The Twelve People Who Saved Rehabilitation: How the Science of Criminology Made a Difference Francis T. Cullen Punishment, Division of Labor, and Social Solidarity David Greenberg Alternatives to Prison Anthony Bottoms Civil Society and Political Theory Andrew Arato and Jean Cohen