11th Edition

Crime Prevention Approaches, Practices, and Evaluations

By Steven P. Lab Copyright 2023
    464 Pages 28 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    464 Pages 28 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    480 Pages 20 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Also available as eBook on:

    Crime Prevention: Approaches, Practices, and Evaluations, Eleventh Edition, meets the needs of students and instructors for engaging, evidence-based, impartial coverage of interventions that can reduce or prevent deviance. This edition examines the entire gamut of prevention, from physical design, to developmental prevention, to identifying high-risk individuals, to situational initiatives, to partnerships, and beyond. Strategies include primary prevention measures designed to prevent conditions that foster deviance, secondary prevention measures directed toward persons or conditions with a high potential for deviance, and tertiary prevention measures to deal with persons who have already committed crimes.

    In this book, Lab offers a thorough and well-rounded discussion of the many sides of the crime prevention debate in clear and accessible language, including the latest research concerning space syntax, physical environment and crime, neighborhood crime prevention programs, community policing, crime in schools, and electronic monitoring and home confinement.

    This book is essential for undergraduates studying criminal justice, criminology, and sociology, in the U.S. and globally. Online resources include an instructor’s manual, test bank, and lecture slides for faculty, and a wide array of resources for students.

    CHAPTER 1 Crime and the Fear of Crime

    Problem of Crime in Society

    Costs of Crime/Victimization

    Fear of Crime


    CHAPTER 2 Crime Prevention

    Crime Prevention through the Ages

    Defining Crime Prevention

    Crime Prevention Classifications

    Alternate Classifications of Crime Prevention

    CHAPTER 3 Evaluation and Crime Prevention

    Types of Evaluation

    Cost–Benefit Evaluations

    Theory and Measurement in Evaluation

    The Method for Evaluation

    An Overview of the Book

    PART I Primary Prevention

    CHAPTER 4 The Physical Environment and Crime Prevention

    Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

    Implementation of Environmental Design

    The Impact of Physical Design

    A Second-Generation CPTED

    A Third-Generation CPTED

    Incivility, Disorder, and Crime


    CHAPTER 5 Community Crime Prevention

    Types of Community Crime Prevention Approaches

    Building Guardianship

    Evaluation of Community Crime Prevention

    Citizen Participation and Support

    Problematic Assumptions in Organizing for Crime Prevention


    CHAPTER 6 The Mass Media and Crime Prevention

    The Media and Crime

    Media Crime Prevention Activities

    Publicity and Prevention

    The Media’s Responsibility for Crime Prevention


    CHAPTER 7 Developmental Crime Prevention



    Developmental Concerns


    CHAPTER 8 General Deterrence


    Requirements for Deterrence

    The Deterrent Effect of Legal Sanctions

    Perceptions and Deterrence


    PART II Secondary Prevention

    CHAPTER 9 Prediction for Secondary Prevention

    Predicting Future Offending

    Structured Professional Judgment

    Risk Factors and Prediction

    Predicting Places and Events

    Repeat Victimization

    Implications for Crime Prevention

    CHAPTER 10 Situational Crime Prevention

    The Growth of Situational Prevention

    The Theoretical Basis

    Situational Typologies

    Issues and Concerns with Situational Prevention

    Implementing Situational Prevention

    Situational Prevention Studies

    Issues with Product Design


    CHAPTER 11 Displacement and Diffusion

    Crime Displacement


    Offender Choice and Mobility

    Evidence of Displacement and Diffusion

    Implications of Displacement and Diffusion

    CHAPTER 12 Partnerships for Crime Prevention

    Community Policing

    Problem Identification

    Partnership Efforts and Assessment

    Problems and Concerns

    Successful Partnerships


    CHAPTER 13 Substance Use, Crime, and Crime Prevention

    The Scope of Drug Use

    The Drugs–Crime Connection

    Interventions and Prevention

    Drugs and Crime Prevention

    CHAPTER 14 The School and Crime Prevention

    Crime and Victimization in Schools

    School Contributions to Antisocial Behavior

    Responses to In-School Victimization

    Police and Security Measures

    School Programs for Delinquency Prevention

    The Future of School/Educational Programs in Crime Prevention

    PART III Tertiary Prevention

    CHAPTER 15 Specific Deterrence and Incapacitation

    The Specific Deterrent Effect of Criminal Sanctions


    Future Implications

    CHAPTER 16 Rehabilitation

    The "What Works?" Argument

    Evaluations of Rehabilitation Programs

    Assessing Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention

    CHAPTER 17 Some Closing Thoughts on Crime Prevention and the Future

    The State of the Evidence

    Improving Our Knowledge

    Recognizing the Diversity in Crime Prevention

    Crime Prevention Policy



    Steven P. Lab is an Emeritus Professor of Criminal Justice at Bowling Green State University where he served as Director of Criminal Justice for 27 years and Chair of Human Services for 17 years. He holds a Ph.D. in Criminology from the Florida State University School of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Lab is the author or co-author of eight books, co-editor of one encyclopedia, and author of more than 50 articles and book chapters. He is Assistant Editor of Crime Prevention & Community Safety: An International Journal and a past editor of the Journal of Crime and Justice. Lab has been a Visiting Professor in the U.K., at the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science at University College London and at Keele University in Staffordshire, as well as a Visiting Fellow at Loughborough University and a Research Consultant with the Perpetuity Research Group at Leicester University. Lab is also a past president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.