1st Edition

Crime Prevention by Exclusion Ethical Considerations

    288 Pages
    by Routledge

    While increasing attention has been directed to the legal and criminological aspects of situational crime prevention, focused ethical discussion of the measures involved has been notable by its absence. Situational crime prevention measures are being used increasingly in various forms in cities all around the world. This book addresses the complex ethical challenges related to preventive exclusion that have only been addressed in a limited way in the academic literature.  

    This volume brings together world-leading experts in ethics and penal theory to answer controversial questions about the ethics of preventing crime by exclusion. Situational crime prevention measures – such as gated communities, hostile design, or annoying music or noise – intended to exclude some or all people from an area to prevent crime present important ethical questions. Is the use of exclusionary measures antithetical to the attainment of social justice or to addressing the root causes of crime? If such measures result merely in the displacement of crime, does this mean they are without value, or morally questionable? What are the conceptual relationships between exclusionary measures, civic trust, and moral agency? Do some or all exclusionary measures fail to respect potential offenders as rational agents? When, if ever, is the use of exclusion to prevent crime discriminatory? And do such measures have a morally problematic expressive dimension?  

    This book is invaluable for scholars with an interest in crime prevention, criminal law, and criminal justice. The practical implications will also appeal to practitioners in the criminal justice system involved in the implementation and administration of preventive exclusion.  

    Introduction. Crime Prevention by Exclusion: Setting the Scene
    Sebastian Jon Holmen, Thomas Søbirk Petersen and Jesper Ryberg

    1 Assessing Exclusionary Modes of Crime Reduction
    Zachary Hoskins

    2 Crime Distribution and State Obligations
    Jesper Ryberg

    3 The Wrongness of Preventive Exclusion
    David Birks

    4 ‘A Disproportionate and Degrading Approach that Acts without Discrimination’? The Expressive Dimension of Exclusionary Crime Prevention Techniques
    Christopher Bennett

    5 Homelessness, Poverty, and the Limits of Preventive Exclusion
    Terry Skolnik

    6 Using Situational Crime Prevention or Getting to the Root Causes of Crime?: An Ethical Question
    Thomas Søbirk Petersen

    7 Gated Communities, Social Exclusion, and the Right to Basic Security
    Richard Lippke

    8 Gated Communities and Discrimination Against the Poor
    Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

    9 Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Is the State Justified in Using Selective Exclusion as Punishment?
    Katrina Sifferd

    10 The Ethics and Politics of Nudges and Niches: A Critical Analysis of Exclusionary Environmental Designs
    Lucy Osler, Bart Engelen, and Alfred Archer

    11 Homelessness and the Use of Music in Crime Prevention
    Hadessa Noorda

    12 ‘Hanging Out and Sleeping on the Ground’: Acoustic Environments, Rationality, and the Minimal Account of Permissible Means of Crime Prevention
    Sebastian Jon Holmen 


    Sebastian Jon Holmen is Postdoctoral Fellow, Roskilde University. He works on the research project SITE (Situational Crime Prevention and Ethics) supported by the Independent Research Fund Denmark. Holmen has published in philosophical journals including Criminal Justice Ethics, Res Publica, Journal of Medical Ethics, Neuroethics and Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics.  

    Thomas Søbirk Petersen is Professor of Bioethics and Criminal Justice Ethics, Roskilde University. Petersen has published in philosophical journals including AI and Ethics, Bioethics, Criminal Law and Philosophy, Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, Neuroethics, Journal of Business Ethics, Journal of Ethics, Journal of Global Ethics, Journal of Medical Ethics, Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Res Publica and Theoria. 

    Jesper Ryberg is Professor of Ethics and Philosophy of Law, Roskilde University and Head of Research Group for Criminal Justice Ethics. He has published in philosophical journals including Criminal Law and Philosophy, Philosophical Papers, Theoria, The Philosophical Quarterly, Res Publica, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, Journal of Applied Philosophy, Social Theory and Practice, Journal of Medical Ethics, Journal of Ethics, Neuroethics, Analysis and Utilitas.