Crime Scene Processing and Investigation Workbook: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Crime Scene Processing and Investigation Workbook

1st Edition

By Christine R. Ramirez, Casie L. Parish-Fisher

CRC Press

226 pages | 54 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2011-11-15
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Description

The work of a crime scene investigator requires stellar organizational skills and razor-sharp attention to detail. Developing these skills is best achieved through hands-on training simulating actual case events. Crime Scene Processing and Investigation Workbook takes students from the classroom to the field and into the lab to explore a range of scenarios they will likely encounter on the job.

Exercises presented in this practical handbook include assessing the scene, crime scene photography and mapping, fingerprint evidence, documentation, impression-casting, bloodstain pattern recognition, and advanced techniques for scene processing. The book also examines the actions of the initial responding officer, highlights special scene considerations, and describes the role of crime scene analysis and reconstruction.

Designed to complement Gardner’s Practical Crime Scene Processing and Investigation, this manual uses a consistent format throughout to ensure assimilation. Each chapter begins with a list of key terms and provides learning outcomes that describe the goal of the chapter. Tasks are then broken down into specific segments, with objectives, necessary materials, and a concept overview provided to promote heightened focus on salient points in the chapter. Post-lab questions enable students to test their grasp of the material and sample worksheets are provided that can be duplicated and used in actual case scenarios. By practicing the techniques described in this manual, students will be ready when they encounter them for the first time on the job.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Evaluating the Interpretive Value of Evidence

CSI Effect

The Nature of Physical Evidence

Identifying Characteristics of Evidence

Evidence Processing

Fingerprint Pattern Examination

False Positive Exercise

Mechanical Fit through Evidence Reconstruction

Actions of the Initial Responding Officer

Creating a Crime Scene Control Log

Processing Methodology

Utilizing a Descriptive Set in Evidence Documentation

Assessing the Scene

Establishing Crime Scene Perimeters

Conducting Crime Scene Searches

Crime Scene Photography

Photography in Manual Mode

Capturing Range Photographs

Documenting a Crime Scene

Crime Scene Sketching and Mapping

Measuring with English and Metric Rulers

Creating an Indoor Sketch

Creating an Outdoor Sketch

Sketching a Crime Scene

Narrative Descriptions: Crime Scene Notes and Reports

Creating a Field Note Document Template

Basic Skills for Scene Processing

Cyanoacrylate Ester Fuming and Fingerprint Powder Exercise

Fluorescent Powder Processing

Fingerprint Development on Adhesive Tape: Crystal Violet

Fingerprint Development on Adhesive Tape: Sticky-side Powder

Fingerprint Development on Absorbent Substrates: Iodine

Fingerprint Development on Absorbent Surfaces: Ninhydrin

Print Development with Small Particle Reagent

Impression Casting: Dental Stone

Impression Casting: Mikrosil

Advanced Techniques for Scene Processing

Determining Directionality of Bloodstains

Determining Angle of Impact

Creation and Analysis of Impact Angles

Bloodstain Pattern Recognition and Identification

Presumptive Tests

Special Scene Considerations

Recovering Fingerprints from Burned Items

Burial Recovery

The Role of Crime Scene Analysis and Reconstruction

Journal Article Review

The Scientific Method

Flowcharting Event Segments

Crime Scene Investigation and Reconstruction

Index

About the Authors

Christine R. Ramirez is the coordinator of the Texas Forensic Science Academy within the Texas A&M University System’s Texas Engineering Extension Service in College Station, Texas. She is an active instructor of crime scene investigation, evidence processing, friction ridge development, and bloodstain pattern analysis. She has developed forensic science courses and served as a subject matter expert for forensic science training manuals. Ms. Ramirez served as the senior crime scene investigator in the crime laboratory of one of the largest sheriff’s offices in Texas. She currently holds a Master Peace Officer license from the state of Texas, with seventeen years of investigative experience. She is a Certified Senior Crime Scene Analyst by the International Association for Identification and is a court-qualified expert in bloodstain pattern analysis and latent print examination. She graduated from Sam Houston State University with a Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice. Ms. Ramirez is a member of the International Association for Identification, Texas Division of the International Association for Identification, and International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts.

Casie L. Parish-Fisher is currently assistant professor of forensic science in the Bachelor of Science Degree Program at St. Edward’s University, Austin, Texas. She graduated from Baylor University with a Bachelor of Science degree in forensic science. She completed her Master’s of Science degree in DNA profiling at the University of Central Lancashire, Preston, England, and is currently matriculating on her PhD in research topics relating to DNA analysis. She is coeditor of a sui generis anthology titled Pioneering Research in Forensic Science (Lewiston-Queenston-Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, 2009) with colleagues from St. Edward’s University, Dr. David M. Horton and instructor Michelle Y. Richter. She is a member of the International Association for Identification and the Texas Division of the International Association for Identification where she is a member of the board of directors and serves on the program committee, the host committee, and as chair of the student membership committee.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science