No city environment reflects the meaning of urban life better than a public place does. A public place, whatever its nature – a park, a mall, a train platform or a street corner – is where people pass by, meet each other and at times become a victim of crime. With this book, we submit that crime and safety in public places are not issues that can be easily dealt with within the boundaries of a single discipline. The book aims to illustrate the complexity of patterns of crime and fear in public places with examples of studies on these topics contextualized in different cities and countries around the world. This is achieved by tackling five crosscutting themes: the nature of the city’s environment as a backdrop for crime and fear; the dynamics of individuals’ daily routines and their transit safety; the safety perceptions experienced by those who are most in fear in public places; the metrics of crime and fear; and finally, examples of current practices in promoting safety. All these original articles contribute to our quest for safer, more inclusive, resilient, equitable and sustainable cities and human settlements aligned to the Global 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
"Crime and fear in public spaces" consists of an important tool to advance the international urban safety agenda as it provides readers with a view on the debate over safety and public places, taking a multi-disciplinary approach that takes into consideration several fields of knowledge. The cutting-edge research contained in this book incorporates different perspectives on the phenomenon of crime and fear in public places and fosters the co-production of safety, which is a basic principle contained in the Guidelines, thus contributing towards more cohesive societies and safer cities for all."
-Juma Assiago, Head, Safer Cities programme, UN-HABITAT
"With expertise from a diverse range of disciplines, this compilation achieves a thorough investigation of how individual mobility, social and built landscapes, and policies interact and relate to Crime and fear in public places. Insightful and creative, with implications to make communities safer and improve public health."
-Prof Douglas Wiebe, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
"Numerous organizations call for resilient and safe spaces. Many people dream of enjoying vibrant places. Yet, crime and fear in public space threatens these ideals. This book offers timeous information and practical suggestions towards safe places – indeed, a valuable toolkit for everyone working towards inclusive change in public space."
-Prof Karina Landman, University of Pretoria, South Africa
PART I – Crime and fear in public places: An Introduction
Chapter 1. Crime and fear in public places: Aim, scope, and context
Chapter 2. The circumstances of crime and fear in public places: A Review of theories
Chapter 3. The architecture of crime and fear of crime: Research evidence on lighting, CCTV and CPTED features
PART II – The environment
Chapter 4. Do green areas affect crime and safety?
Chapter 5. Safety of urban park users: The case of Poznań, Poland
Chapter 6. The role of public places in Disability Hate Crimes (DHC)
PART III – The movement
Chapter 7. Youth safety in public transportation: The case of Eastern Mexico City, Mexico
Chapter 8. Transit safety among college students in Tokyo/Kanagawa, Japan
Chapter 9. Women and LGBTI youth at target: Assessing transit safety in Rio Claro, Brazil
Chapter 10. An analysis of transit safety among college students in Lagos, Nigeria
PART IV – The users’ perspective
Chapter 11. Contested gendered space: Public sexual harassment and women’s safety work
Chapter 12. Sexual harassment in public spaces in India: Victimization and offending patterns
Chapter 13. Does context matter? Older adults’ safety perceptions of neighborhood environments in Sweden
Chapter 14. Individual and spatial dimensions of women’s fear of crime: A Scandinavian study case
PART V – The metrics
Chapter 15. Contextual determinants of fear of crime in public transit: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Pilot Study
Chapter 16. Mapping Open Drug Scenes (ODS)
Chapter 17. "Fear in 280 characters": A new approach for over time evaluation of fear in cybespace
PART VI – The intervention
Chapter 18. Fear of the dark: The potential impact of reduced street lighting on crime and fear of crime
Chapter 19. Evaluating harm-reduction initiatives in a night-time economy and music festival context
Chapter 20. Crime and fear in Hollygrove – Building neighborhood resilience
Chapter 21. Safety in the making: An assessment of urban planners practices in municipalities in Sweden
PART VII – Crime and fear in public places: Conclusions and recommendations
Chapter 22. Crime and fear in public places: A Global look
Chapter 23. Responding to crime and fear in public places: Towards an agenda for research and practice