Crime and Planning : Building Socially Sustainable Communities book cover
1st Edition

Crime and Planning
Building Socially Sustainable Communities

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ISBN 9781439871669
Published November 7, 2012 by Routledge
205 Pages 37 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The form and layout of a built environment has a significant influence on crime by creating opportunities for it and, in turn, shaping community crime patterns. Effective urban planners and designers will consider crime when making planning and design decisions. A co-publication with the American Planning Association, Crime and Planning: Building Socially Sustainable Communities presents a comprehensive discussion of the interconnections between urban planning, criminal victimization, and crime prevention.

An introduction into the main concerns at the intersection of criminology and community planning, the book first provides an overview of crime patterns. It then explores major issues within planning and their impact on crime. Critical topics discussed include connectivity, mixed-use developments, land use and zoning, transit-oriented design, and pedestrian trails, greenways, and parks. The remaining chapters explore:

  • Crime prevention theories
  • Crime prevention as a central component of sustainability
  • How to incorporate social sustainability and planning guidelines into local planning decisions
  • Policy discussion of issues such as zoning
  • How tools such as smart growth and form-based codes relate to crime and crime prevention
  • Examples of how planning decisions can impact crime patterns in both a residential and retail setting, and what has already worked in real-world communities

As communities continue to grapple with foreclosure, sprawl, and infill/redevelopment, a sound understanding of how the built environment impacts crime is of increasing importance. This book provides planners with the tools and knowledge necessary to minimize the impact of crime on communities with the goal of creating socially sustainable communities.

Table of Contents

Why a Disconnect?
Crime, Planning, and Sustainability
Structure of This Book
A Brief Overview of Crime and Crime Issues
Major Issues in Crime and Urban Planning
Mixed Land Use
Transit-Oriented Developments
Parks, Pedestrian Trails, and Greenways
Redefining Sustainability
Redefining and Refocusing Sustainable Communities
Integrating Crime Prevention into a Socially Sustainable Planning Program
Current Crime Prevention-Planning Programs
Integrating Crime Prevention into the Everyday Planning Process
Efficient and Consistent Process
Eliminate Opportunities
Tools for Understanding Context
The Neighborhood Impact Statement Model
NIS Example
Design Guidance
Mixed Land Use
Transit-Oriented Developments
Parks, Pedestrian Trails, and Greenways
Planning Policy and Socially Sustainable Communities
Smart Growth
Form-Based Codes
Suburban Retrofitting
Case Studies
Residential Neighborhood Case Study
Street Network
Land Use and Zoning
Crime Patterns
Retail District Case Study

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