Criminal Behaviour in Context : Space, Place and Desistance from Crime book cover
1st Edition

Criminal Behaviour in Context
Space, Place and Desistance from Crime

ISBN 9780415627627
Published May 16, 2012 by Willan
304 Pages

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Book Description

This book examines the extent to which criminal desistance –  'the change process involved in the ending of criminal behaviour' –  is affected by personal and social circumstances which are place specific. Grounded in criminological spatial analysis, as well as more general social scientific investigations of the role of space and place in contemporary social, economic and cultural life, it examines why large numbers of prisoners in the United States and the United Kingdom appear to be drawn from –  and after release return to – certain urban neighbourhoods.

In doing so Criminal Behaviour in Context assesses the effect of this unique life course experience on the pathways and choices open to ex-prisoners who attempt to give up crime. Including new data on the geographical distribution of offenders, interviews with serving prisoners, and drawing on theories about social context, identity and subjectivity, it discusses the implications of the evidence and arguments presented for prisoner reintegration policy and practice.

Table of Contents

Part I: Introduction  1. Local life in the global economy  2. Space, place and criminality  3. The spatial dimensions of criminal desistance  4. The structure of the book  Part II: Criminal Desistance in Context  5. Introduction  6. From margins to mainstream  7. Untangling personal and social factors  8. The role of place and community  9. Assessing local circumstances  Part III: From A to B and Back Again: The Revolving Door Between Place of Residence and Imprisonment  10. Introduction  11. 'We know who you are and we know where you live' Offender Residence in the Contemporary City: the Case of Greater London Cosmopolitan Boundaries and Neighbourhood Relations  Part IV: Place, the Community and the Offender  12. Introduction  13. Free Will Versus Determinism: Explaining Divergent Theories of Crime and Place  14. The Concept of Community  15. Place, Rationality, Behaviour  16. Social Disorganization  17. Institutional Malfunction  18. Structural Inequality and Racial Segregation  19. Culture and Dependency  20. Neither One Thing Nor the Other: the Criminal and the Community  21. Area-based Social Rehabilitation  22. Ordering Devices and Prevention Techniques  23. Morals and Responsibilities  24. Fortress Cities and Warehouse Prisons  25. Conclusion   Part V: The Hidden Limitations and Possibilities of Everyday Life  26. Introduction  27. Social Practice  28. Cultural Dispositions  29. Consumption  30. Boredom and Desire  31. Everyday Life in Prison  32. Reform and Rehabilitation  33. Social Work  34. Social Capital  Part VI: 'On the up' - Pre-prison Experiences  35. Introduction  36. The Family Home  37. Neighbourhood  38. 'More like high jinks than crime': the Importance of Being Violent  39. 'What you need': Leaving home  Part VII: 'On the In' - the Impact of Imprisonment  40. Introduction  41. First-timers  42. 'Pals from road were there': Gangs and Landings  43. Places of De-communication  44. Drugs and Crime  45. Prison as Home  46. 'A law abiding and useful life'  Part VIII: 'On the out' - After prison Experiences  47. Introduction  48. Returning Home  49. Somewhere to Live  50. On the Corner  51. Friends (dis)reunited  52. 'Placenessess'  53. 'Social services'  54. Finding a Job  Part IX: Implications  55. Introduction  56. Prisoner Reintergrayion: Recent Policy and Practice  57. Relationships  58. Area-based Initiatives and Social Exclusion  59. Partnership Working and Information Sharing  60. Constraints and Capabilities  Appendix: A note on the Methodology  References  Index  

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Nick Flynn is Senior Lecturer in Applied Criminology at De Montfort University.