The United States and her allies have found themselves plunged into ‘a war over [humanity’s] future social and political organization’ with criminal challengers to the nation-state form. These new wars are currently being fought globally with Al Qaeda, in Iraq with shifting coalitions of criminal gangs, insurgents, and Jihadi groups and throughout the Americas with the Maras (the first group of 3rd GEN Gangs to emerge). More new wars are poised to develop and the on-going ones are far from over, with more attacks upon the homelands of the US and her allies expected.
This cutting edge book looks initially at the theoretical and legal side of criminal-state and criminal-soldier emergence and growth, before focusing on criminal-states and criminal-soldiers themselves, with particular attention paid to Al Qaeda, Hizballah, Mara Salvatrucha (MS 13), Caliphate and Mahdi concerns, Islamic Fundamentalist Use of Beheadings, Criminalization of Russian State Security, Nuclear Materials Trafficking, and Outlaw Private Security Firms.
With the contributions from international experts, this book makes for critical reading for political scientists and criminal justice students and researchers, policy makers, and military and law enforcement practitioners.
This book was previously published as a special issue of Global Crime.
Table of Contents
Special Editor’s Note Robert J. Bunker Preface: Hunting Wolves Dave Grossman Introduction: Subverting Corruption Robert Klitgaard Overview: Defending Against Enemies of the State Robert J. Bunker and Matt Begert PART ONE: THEORY AND LAW The Fate of the State Revisited Martin van Creveld Nation-states, Virtual-states, and Market-states John Robb Defining Criminal-states Robert J. Bunker and Pamela L. Bunker Military Tribunals or Civilian Prosecution: The Dilemma of Unlawful Enemy Combatants Brian Levin PART TWO: CRIMINAL-STATES Does Clausewitz Apply to Criminal-states and Gangs? Mark T. Clark Perpetual Jihad: Striving for a Caliphate Hakim Hazim and Robert J. Bunker The 2006 Usama Bin Laden Tape: Interpreting an Adversary Youseff Aboul-Enein Hizballah’s Global Criminal Operations Michael P. Arena Criminalisation of Russian State Security Mark Galeotti PART THREE: CRIMINAL-SOLDIERS Maras Morphing: Revisiting Third Generation Gangs John P. Sullivan Gangs and Coups D’ Streets in the New World Disorder: Protean Insurgents in Post-Modern War Max G. Manwaring Trafficking in Nuclear Materials: Criminals and Terrorists Louise I. Shelley Outlaw Private Security Firms: Criminal and Terrorist Agendas Undermine Private Security Alternatives Graham Hall Turbiville, Jr. The Use of Beheadings by Fundamentalist Islam Lisa J. Campbell Afterward: Law Enforcement Response Strategies for John P. Sullivan Criminal-states and Criminal-soldiers Keith Weston