1st Edition

Crisis Management of Chronic Pollution Contaminated Soil and Human Health

    312 Pages
    by CRC Press

    312 Pages 66 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Crisis Management of Chronic Pollution: Contaminated Soil and Human Health deals with a long term pollution problem, generated by the former use of organochlorine pesticides. Through a case study of the chlordecone pollution in the French West Indies, the authors illustrate a global and systemic mobilization of research institutions and public services. This "management model", together with its major results, the approach and lessons to be learned, could be useful to other situations. This book gathers all the works that have been carried out over the last ten years or more and links them to decision makers’ actions and stakeholders’ expectations. This reference fills a gap in the literature on chronic pollution.





    Section I Introduction

    Chapter 1: Chlordecone Case Study in the French West Indies

    Chapter 2: From Controversy to Pollution Assessment: A Chronicle of the Chlordecone Crisis Management

    Section II Environmental Diagnosis: Pollution Assessment of Natural Resources

    Chapter 3: Heterogeneity of Soil Pollution

    Chapter 4: Characterization of River Pollution at the Watershed Scale

    Chapter 5: Groundwater Quality Assessment

    Section III Biotope Contamination and Eco-Toxicological Assessment (Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems)

    Chapter 6: Environmental Assessment of Rivers: What Have We Learnt from Implementation and Results of the First Chlordecone National Action Plan?

    Chapter 7: Contamination of Freshwater Fauna

    Chapter 8: Assessment of Chlordecone Content in the Marine Fish Fauna around the French West Indies Related to Fishery Management Concerns

    Section IV Pollutant Transfers

    Chapter 9: From Fields to Rivers: Chlordecone Transfer in Water

    Chapter 10: From Soil to Plants: Crop Contamination by Chlordecone

    Chapter 11: Transfer of Chlordecone from the Environment to Animal-Derived Products

    Section V The Public Health Issue: Exposure and Health Impacts

    Chapter 12: West Indian Population’s Food Exposure to Chlordecone and Dietary Risk Assessment

    Chapter 13: Chlordecone Impact on Pregnancy and Child Development in the French West Indies

    Section VI Remediation

    Chapter 14: Theoretical Approach to Chlordecone Biodegradation

    Chapter 15: Reduced Pesticide Bioavailability in Soil by Organic Amendment

    Chapter 16: Remediation of Chlordecone-Contaminated Waters Using Activated Carbons

    Section VII Management Approach

    Chapter 17: Chlordecone Contamination at the Farm Scale: Management Tools for Cropping System and Impact on Farm Sustainability

    Chapter 18: The Family Gardens Health Program: A Tool for Reducing the Exposure of Populations to Chlordecone in the French West Indies

    Chapter 19: The Challenge of Knowledge Representation to Better Understand Environmental Pollution

    Section VIII Conclusion

    Chapter 20: Crisis Management of Chronic Pollution by Chlordecone: Conclusions



    Magalie Lesueur Jannoyer, Philippe Cattan, Thierry Woignier, Florence Clostre