The field of humanities generates a discourse that traditionally addressed the questions of what is proper to man, rights of man, crimes against humanity, human creativity and action, human reflection and performance, human utterance and artefact. The university as a philosophical-political institution transmits this humanist account. This European humanistic legacy, which is little more than Christian anthropology, barely received any questioning from cultures that faced colonialism. In such a context, this volume attempts to unravel the ‘barely secularized heritage’ of Europe (Derrida’s phrase) and its fatal consequences in other cultures. The task of Critical Humanities is to explore the ways in which the question of being human (along with non-human others) today from heterogeneous cultural ‘backgrounds’ can be undertaken. The future of the humanities teaching and research is contingent upon the risky task of configuring cultural difference from non-European locations. Such a task is inescapable and urgently needed when tectonic cultural upheavals have begun to show devastating effect on planetary coexistence today. It is precisely in such a context that this collection of essays on critical humanities affirms, ‘without alibi’, the urgency of collective reflection and innovative research across the traditional disciplinary and institutional borders and communication systems on the one hand and Asian, African and European cultural formations on the other. Critical Humanities are at one level little more than communities on the verge (critical) but whose centuries long survival and resilient creations of cultural (and /as natural) habitats are of deeply enduring significance to affirm the biocultural diversities of living that compose the planet.
Topical and timely, this book will be useful to scholars, researchers and teachers of cultural theory, literary studies, philosophy, cultural geography, legal studies, sociology, history, performance studies, environmental studies, caste and communalism studies, postcolonial theory, India studies, and education.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Crossing (the) Legacies
D. Venkat Rao
1. Education and Structures of Moral Formation: The Limits of Liberal Education in India
2. In-discipline(s): Diversity, Disciplinarity and the Humanities
3. Sites of Learning and Intellectual Parasitism: The Case for New Humanities
4. Why Communalism is an Indian problem: The Relationship between Communalism and Hinduism in Colonial Discourse
5. Sacerdotal Violence and the Caste System: The Long Shadow of Christian-Orientalism
6. Caste as an Impediment in the Journey of a Bhakta: Lingayat Vachanas, Jati and Adhyatma
7. River Literacy and the Challenge of a Rain Terrain
Dilip da Cunha
8. Accents of Memory: Critical Humanities and the Question of Inheritance
D. Venkat Rao
9. Indian Culture and its Social Security System
S. N. Balagangadhara
10. The Politics of Knowledge, Here and Now: A Conversation with Ashis Nandy
Ashis Nandy and Ananya Vajpeyi
D. Venkat Rao is Professor of English Literature, School of English Literary Studies, The English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad, India. In addition to books in English and Telugu, he has published several articles in national and international journals. His recent work is Cultures of Memory in South Asia (2014). His other publications include In Citations: Readings in Area Studies of Culture (1999), a translation of Ashis Nandy’s The Intimate Enemy into Telugu. He has also translated into English, a Telugu intellectual autobiography entitled The Last Brahmin (2012). He has co-edited Reflections on Literature, Criticism and Theory (2004) and an anthology of essays on U. R. Ananthamurthy’s Samskara. His interests include literary and cultural studies, image studies, comparative thought, translation, and mnemocultures. He has designed several courses interfacing culture, technology, and literary studies.
‘Critical Humanities from India opens up new avenues for comparative research in the human sciences. The prospect that it uncovers is a daunting one, exciting and important. This volume is destined to become a forerunner in a burgeoning scholarly field.'
Jürgen Pieters, Professor, Ghent University, Belgium
‘Seventy years after Indian political independence, a contemporary academic generation still faces the problems of radical intellectual emancipation. Not just consolidating versions of a post- or anti-colonial problematic or combating a still pervasive orientalism. But risking the recognition that the most difficult tasks of thinking disturbingly arise when the very concepts and terms with which one tries to think are themselves the problem. Whether questioning definitions of 'discipline', rethinking 'community', challenging the notion of 'caste', shifting 'geo-graphical' categories, or reconceptualising 'religion', this collection of essays contributes to the construction of an emerging 'critical humanities' for an Indian university terrain now potentially shaped as much by its pan-Asian student intake as by still dominant 'European' paradigms of how to think at all. A demanding but exhilarating collaborative undertaking by an impressive array of actively critical practitioners.’
Bernard Sharratt, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, University of Kent, UK