Critical Perspectives in Rural Development Studies
Agrarian transformations within and across countries have been significantly and dynamically altered during the past few decades compared to previous eras, provoking a variety of reactions from rural poor communities worldwide. The recent convergence of various crises – financial, food, energy and environmental – has put the nexus between ‘rural development’ and ‘development in general’ back onto the center stage of theoretical, policy and political agendas in the world today. Confronting these issues will require (re)engaging with critical theories, taking politics seriously, and utilizing rigorous and appropriate research methodologies. These are the common messages and implications of the various contributions to this collection in the context of a scholarship that is critical in two senses: questioning prescriptions from mainstream perspectives and interrogating popular conventions in radical thinking.
This book focuses on key perspectives, frameworks and methodologies in agrarian change and peasant studies. The contributors are leading scholars in the field of rural development studies: Henry Bernstein, Terence J. Byres, Saturnino M. Borras Jr, Marc Edelman, Cristóbal Kay, Benedict Kerkvliet, Philip McMichael, Shahra Razavi, Ian Scoones and Teodor Shanin.
This book was previously published as a special issue of the Journal of Peasant Studies.
1. Agrarian Change and Peasant Studies: Changes, Continuities and Challenges – an Introduction Saturnino M. Borras Jr, editor of JPS (Saint Mary’s University, Canada)
2. The Landlord Class, Peasant Differentiation, Class Struggle and the Transition to Capitalism: England, France and Prussia Compared Terence J. Byres, emeritus professor, SOAS, University of London (founding editor of JPS)
3. V. I. Lenin and A. V. Chayanov: Looking Back, Looking Forward Henry Bernstein, professor, SOAS, ex-editor of JPS
4. Chayanov’s Treble Death and Tenuous Resurrection Teodor Shanin, emeritus professor, Manchester University; President, Moscow Social Science Institute (founding editor of JPS)
5. Development Strategies and Rural Development: Exploring Synergies, Eradicating Poverty Cristóbal Kay, professor, Institute of Social Studies (ISS), the Hague
6. A Food Regime Genealogy Philip McMichael, professor, Cornell University, NY
7. Livelihoods Perspectives and Rural Development Ian Scoones, Professor, IDS Sussex
8. Engendering the Political Economy of Agrarian Change Shahra Razavi, research coordinator, UN Research Institute for Social Devt (UNRISD), Geneva
9. Everyday Politics in Peasant Societies (and Ours) Benedict Kerkvliet, emeritus professor, Australian National University
10. Synergies and Tensions between Rural Social Movements and Professional Researchers Marc Edelman, professor, Hunter College and City University of New York