Crowds and Public Order Policing: An Analysis of Crowds and Interpretations of Their Behaviour Based on Observational Studies in Turkey, England and Wales, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Crowds and Public Order Policing

An Analysis of Crowds and Interpretations of Their Behaviour Based on Observational Studies in Turkey, England and Wales, 1st Edition

By Ibrahim Cerrah


273 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Paperback: 9781138612471
pub: 2020-01-01
Available for pre-order. Item will ship after 1st January 2020
Hardback: 9781138612433
pub: 2018-08-06
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429463457
pub: 2018-12-17
from $20.00

FREE Standard Shipping!


Published in 1998. This research is based on observations made of 33 crowd events between February 1992 - February 1995. These took place in Turkey, England and Wales and all of which involved a large police deployment. In addition, informal interviews were conducted in both countries, involving key figures in areas of police public order training and practice. Further, visits were made to training sites and public order units, to familiarise the researcher with public order policing in both countries. Finally, the researcher has attended three major public order courses organised for the senior members of British police forces. This research analyzes the underlying assumptions contained within the existing theories in the field and attempts to adjudicate on the validity of both classical and modern contributions to the understanding of the field. The research concludes that any public order policing, regardless of the political system it serves, will tend to be relatively paramilitary and oppressive. Civilian public order policing practices need to take account of an approach which appreciates a wide combination of levels of understanding as represented by Combined Factors Approach. Finally, it is argued that the more public order policy reflects the potential level of understanding promoted by the CFA the less emphasis on paramilitary techniques will be deployed as tactics of last resort.

Table of Contents

1. Research Methods and Literature Review 2. Classifying Crowds 3. The Crowd and its Integral Parts 4. Crowds Against the Establishment 5. Towards Construction of a Combined Factors Approach 6. Combined Factors Approach and Crime Disorder 7. Implications of the CFA on Public Order Policing Practices

About the Author

Ibrahim Cerrah, Police Academy, Ankara, Turkey

About the Series

Routledge Revivals

Are there elusive titles that you need and have been trying to source for years but thought that you would never be able to find?

Well this may be the end of your quest – here is a fantastic opportunity for you to discover past brilliance and purchase previously out of print and unavailable titles by some of the world’s most eminent academic scholars.

Drawing from over 100 years of innovative, cutting-edge publishing, Routledge Revivals is an exciting programme whereby key titles from the distinguished and extensive backlist of the many acclaimed imprints associated with Routledge will be re-issued.

The programme draws upon the illustrious backlists of Kegan Paul, Trench & Trubner, Routledge & Kegan Paul, Methuen, Allen & Unwin and Routledge itself.

Routledge Revivals spans the whole of the Humanities and Social Sciences, and includes works by some of the world’s greatest thinkers including Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Simone Weil, Martin Buber, Karl Jaspers and Max Beloff.

If you are interested in Revivals in the Behavioral Sciences, please visit

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / General