These articles seek to understand the attitudes and reactions of medieval society to both external threat and internal dissension, whether real or imagined. The crusaders encompass the Templars and the Knights of St Lazarus, members of military orders committed to the cause of perpetual battle for the faith; more reluctant secular knights urged into the complicated conflicts of Latin Greece by the papacy; and peasant enthusiasts from northern France, ultimately turning their frustration on the clergy and the Jews. Heretics range from Cathars, real opponents of the Church, to the lepers, imaginary subverters of society, allegedly in league with the two other perceived enemies of Western Christendom, the Jews and the Muslims.
'All scholars and students interested in the related areas of the Order of the Militia of the Temple, the crusades, and heresy will rejoice in the appearance of this collection…Barber has provided a marvellous collection in this volume. Any crusades historian, historian of the Latin East, or specialist in heresy or the military orders would omit this material at his or her peril. The exhaustive notes, especially to primary sources, make these articles a veritable treasure trove.' Parergon, Vol. 15, No. 2
Contents: The origins of the Order of the Temple; James of Molay, the last Grand Master of the Order of the Temple; Women and Catharism; Lepers, Jews and Moslems: the plot to overthrow Christendom in 1321; The Pastoureaux of 1320; The Templars and the Turin Shroud; The world picture of Philip the Fair; The social context of the Templars; The crusade of the shepherds in 1251; Western attitudes to Frankish Greece in the 13th century; Catharism and the Occitan nobility: the lordships of Cabaret, Minerve and Termes; Supplying the Crusader States: the role of the Templars; The Order of Saint Lazarus and the Crusades; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
For further information about contributing to the series please contact Michael Greenwood at [email protected]