Crusades covers seven hundred years from the First Crusade (1095-1102) to the fall of Malta (1798) and draws together scholars working on theatres of war, their home fronts and settlements from the Baltic to Africa and from Spain to the Near East and on theology, law, literature, art, numismatics and economic, social, political and military history. Routledge publishes this journal for The Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East. Particular attention is given to the publication of historical sources in all relevant languages - narrative, homiletic and documentary - in trustworthy editions, but studies and interpretative essays are welcomed too. Crusades appears in both print and online editions.

    Volume 8 begins with Adrian J. Boas and Aren M. Maeir on the Frankish Castle of Blanche Garde and the Medieval and Modern Village of Tell es-Safi in the light of recent discoveries.

    Adrian J. Boas and Aren M. Maeir, The Frankish Castle of Blanche Garde and the Medieval and Modern Village of Tell es-Safi in the Light of Recent Discoveries

    Michael Evans, Penthesilea on the Second Crusade: Eleanor of Aquitaine the Amazon queen of Niketas Choniates?

    Amon Linder, Like Purest Gold Resplendent: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Liberation of Jerusalem

    Aleks Pluskowski, Animal Bones from an Industrial Quarter at Malbork, Poland: Towards an Ecology of a Castle Built by Teutonic Order in Prussia

    Jonathan Rubin-Ronen, The Debate on 12th-Century Frankish Feudalism: Additional Evidence from William of Tyre's 'Chronicon'

    Chris Schabel, A Neglected Quarrel over a House in Cyprus in 1299: The Nicosia Franciscans vs. the Chapter of Nicosia Cathedral

    Lucas Villegas-Aristizábal, The Anglo-Norman intervention in the conquest and settlement of Tortosa 1148-1180

    Volker Caumanns, Die Kreuzzugsmotivation Friedrichs II


    Benjamin Z. Kedar, Hebrew University, Israel; Jonathan Phillips, Royal Holloway, University of London, UK; Jonathan Riley-Smith, University of Cambridge, UK with Nikolaos G. Chrissis, University of Athens, Greece.