Cultural Tourism : Global and Local Perspectives book cover
1st Edition

Cultural Tourism
Global and Local Perspectives

Edited By

Greg Richards

ISBN 9780789031174
Published October 30, 2006 by Routledge
372 Pages

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Book Description

A unique chance to explore different aspects of place, heritage, and tourism

For many nations around the world, cultural tourism is not only a major industry but also a support for national identity and a means for preserving heritage. Cultural Tourism: Global and Local Perspectives brings together in one volume interdisciplinary explorations of cultural tourism from leading international authorities in different locations around the world. Experts from the Cultural Tourism Research Group of the Association for Tourism and Leisure Education (ATLAS) discuss major issues that have emerged from the ATLAS research program over the past decade. Students and practitioners can examine important global and local issues such as authenticity, ’placelessness’, the changing relationships between local communities and tourists, the changing meaning of religious heritage, festivals, and special events.

Cultural Tourism presents a unique view of global and local cultural tourism issues in four main sections. The first part is a collection of discussions on the tensions caused by globalization, with an emphasis on the issue of authenticity. The second part focuses on cultural tourism demand, with examinations on the motivations and behavior of cultural tourists in various destinations. The third section spotlights the relationship between tourists, residents, and local culture. The final part examines ways cultural events can develop tourism. 72 figures and tables make complex information easy to access and understand.

Topics in Cultural Tourism include:

  • interpretation of ’authentic’ culture
  • growth of ’township tourism’
  • the success or failure of community-based tourism projects
  • impact of globalization on distinctiveness of place
  • analysis of tourism development based on new cultural attractions and ethnic diversity
  • basic steps needed to establish, manage, and market cultural routes
  • case study of Castilla y Leon in Spain—trying to find ways to effectively compete with coastal areas
  • new types of cultural attractions, such as ’ecomuseums’
  • religious tourism
  • heritage as a tool for formal and informal learning
  • ’festivalization’
  • and much more!
Using research and studies from places around the world like Brazil, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Spain, South Africa, and the Netherlands, Cultural Tourism: Global and Local Perspectives provides a valuable window on the current state of cultural tourism and makes informative reading for practitioners, researchers, educators, and students.

Table of Contents

  • About the Editor
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Introduction: Global Trends in Cultural Tourism (Greg Richards)
  • Emerging Styles of Cultural Tourism
  • The Global Cultural Tourism Market
  • Structure of the Book
  • Chapter 2. Cultural Tourism: Between Authenticity and Globalization (Frans Schouten)
  • Cultural Tourism
  • Authenticity
  • The Shaping of Cultural Identity
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 3. Township Tourism—Blessing or Blight? The Case of Soweto in South Africa (Pranill Ramchander)
  • Introduction
  • Township Tourism
  • Formulation of the Research Problem
  • Aim and Objectives of the Study
  • Reasons for Selecting Soweto As the Study Area
  • The Soweto Township Tourism Trail
  • Township Tourism a Mixed Blessing
  • Methods of Data Collection Used in the Study
  • Profile of Respondents
  • Discussion of Principal Findings
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Developing Cultural Tourism in South Africa: Potential and Pitfalls (Jennifer Briedenhann and Eugenia Wickens)
  • Introduction
  • Background to the Study
  • Perspectives from the Literature
  • Initiating the Participatory Process
  • Planning the Project
  • Project Implementation
  • Capacity Building, Empowerment, and Self-Reliance
  • Networking and Support
  • Project Marketing
  • Wider Economic Benefits
  • The Current Situation
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 5. Space, Place, and Placelessness in the Culturally Regenerated City (Melanie Smith)
  • Introduction
  • When Space Becomes Place
  • When Place Becomes Placelessness
  • Planning for Place and Place Identity
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 6. Cultural Tourism and the Development of New Tourism Areas in London (Robert Maitland)
  • Introduction
  • Tourism Development in Cities
  • New Urban Tourists
  • New Tourism Areas in Cities
  • Findings
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Trailing Goethe, Humbert, and Ulysses: Cultural Routes in Tourism (László Puczkó and Tamara Rátz)
  • Introduction
  • The Concept and Features of Themed Routes
  • The Objectives of Setting Up a Themed Route
  • Creating and Operating Cultural Routes
  • Case Study: Cultural Avenue of Budapest
  • Chapter 8. Comparative Analysis of International Tourists in Inland Cultural Destinations: The Case of Castilla y León, Spain (Ana González Fernández, Miguel Cervantes Blanco, Mauro R. Miranda Barreto, Norberto Muñiz, and Carmen Rodríguez Santos)
  • Introduction
  • Cultural Attractions in Tourism
  • Cultural Tourism in Castilla y León, Spain
  • Data Analysis and Discussion
  • Visitor Motivations
  • Tourist Behavior
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Transversal Indicators and Qualitative Observatories of Heritage Tourism (Jaume B. Franquesa and Marc Morell)
  • Introduction
  • Tourism, Heritage, and Sustainability
  • What Indicators Indicate
  • The Management of Heritage
  • Involvement and Citizenship
  • Touristification and Social Conflict
  • A Proposal: Qualitative Research and Observatories for Heritage Tourism
  • Chapter 10. Ecomuseums, Cultural Heritage, Development, and Cultural Tourism in the North of Portugal (Xerardo Pereiro Pérez)
  • The Development Role of Museums and Cultural Heritage
  • The Ecomuseu do Barroso As a Cultural Tourism Project
  • The Festa da Malhada

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